Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences <p><strong>Online ISSN :</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2456-3110</a></p> <p><strong>DOI Prefix :</strong> 10.21760/jaims.</p> <p><strong>Frequency :</strong> Monthly</p> <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) – An International Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Monthly Journal for Researches in AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), is published monthly by Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization. The full text of this journal is accessible on website <a href=""></a></p> <p>The ‘JAIMS’ Journal aims to publish the scientific and research outcomes with a view to inform and share the scientific findings, advice, risk assessment conclusions and recommendations for further research in the areas within the limits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy). It also aims to increase the visibility and awareness of AYUSH’s scientific work worldwide.</p> <p>As an Integrated medical journal for Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy, Medicinal Plants Sciences, Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, etc., ‘JAIMS’ aims to explore the alternative system of medicines, encouraging significant collaboration to promote effective, safe and economical global health.</p> <p>The JAIMS journal will consider any original contribution that advances medical science or practice, or that educates the journal's readers. Manuscripts must be solely the work of the author(s) stated, must not have been previously or partially published elsewhere, and must not be under consideration by another journal. All manuscripts contributed to JAIMS are examined by the editorial staff and all original articles are evaluated by peer reviewers assigned by the editors.</p> en-US <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) retains the copyright of the contents of this journal but grant the readers the right to use the contents with terms and conditions under a creative common attribution licenses 4 of Attribution, Share Alike and Non-commercial type (CC BY-NC-SA) that allows copy, distribute, display, and perform the work and make derivative works based on it only for&nbsp;non-commercial&nbsp;purposes.</p> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> (Dr. Umapati C. Baragi) (Dr. Jyoti Baragi) Thu, 03 Nov 2022 10:16:59 +0000 OJS 60 Comparative clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of Vartaku Gutika and Chitrakadi Vati in the management of Grahani Roga (Irritable Bowel Syndrome) <p><strong>Background: </strong><em>Grahani</em> is a disease of great clinical relevance in modern era because of it’s directly link with improper food habits and stressful lifestyle. <em>Agnimandhya</em> is root cause of <em>Amadosha</em> and it is crucial factor for <em>Grahani</em> and causes <em>Pakwa</em> <em>Apakwa</em> <em>Mala</em> <em>Pravritti</em>. It can be correlated to irritable bowel syndrome. About 15% of the general populations have symptoms that justify diagnosis of IBS. As in the <em>Grahani</em> <em>Agnimandhya</em> is important factor in <em>Samprapti</em>, so it should be treated with <em>Agnivardhan</em> <em>Yogas</em>. <em>Vartaku</em> <em>Gutika</em> which is described in <em>Chakradatta</em> as reseach drug and <em>Chitrakadi</em> <em>Vati</em> mentioned in <em>Charak</em> <em>Samhita</em> for control group. <strong>Objectives: </strong>To evaluate the effect of <em>Vartaku</em> <em>Gutika</em> and to compare the effect <em>Vartaku</em> <em>Gutika</em> and <em>Chitrakadi</em> <em>Vati</em> in the management of <em>Grahani</em>. <strong>Methods: </strong>40 enrolled subjects completed the course of intervention. Randomly they were divided into two groups, group A was given <em>Chitrakadi</em> <em>Vati</em> and group B <em>Vartaku</em> <em>Gutika</em> abd they were adviced 500 mg of tablet two times after food with <em>Ushna</em> <em>Jala</em>, and were adviced to follow <em>Pathya</em> <em>Aahara</em>. Statistical analysis with paired t test, Wilcoxon signed rank test, Mann Whitney test, Mc Nemar test and Chi square test was performed for numerical, ordinal and nominal data respectively. <strong>Results: </strong>Statistically significant reduction of <em>Lakshana</em> of <em>Grahani</em> in both the group was observed. Overall <em>Vartaku</em> <em>Gutika</em> has more improvement in compared to <em>Chitrakadi</em> <em>Vati</em>. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>Both <em>Vartaku</em> <em>Gutika</em> and <em>Chitrakadi</em> <em>Vati</em> breaking the pathology of <em>Grahani</em>, but in this study <em>Vartaku</em> <em>Gutika</em> is more effective than compared to <em>Chitrakadi</em> <em>Vati</em>.</p> Aarti chande, Shripathi Acharya G. acharya, Madhavi rao Copyright (c) 2022 Aarti chande, Shripathi Acharya G. acharya, Madhavi rao Tue, 01 Nov 2022 08:07:26 +0000 Management of Ekakushta vis-à-vis Chronic Plaque Psoriasis with Guduchi Kwatha and Karanja Taila - A Clinical Study <p>The prevalence of skin diseases in general population has varied from 7.86% to 11.16% in various studies. All the skin diseases in <em>Ayurveda</em> have been discussed under the umbrella of “<em>Kushta</em>”. <em>Kushta</em> is further divided into <em>Mahakushta</em> and <em>Kshudrakushta</em>. <em>Ekakushta</em> is considered as one among the <em>Kshudrakushta</em> and it is <em>Vata-Kapha</em> <em>Pradhana Vyadhi</em> having <em>Lakshana</em> like <em>Aswedana</em>, <em>Mahavastu</em> and <em>Matsya</em> <em>Shakalavat</em> <em>Twacha</em>. Psoriasis is one of the most intriguing and perplexing disorder of skin. It is a papulosquamous disorder of the skin, characterised by sharply defined erythematous plaque lesions.&nbsp; It is notoriously chronic and is well known for its cause or remission and exacerbation. Even though it is considered as an autoimmune disorder affecting the skin, it cannot always be treated as a somatic lesion, it is in fact multifactorial in origin and conditioned by various constitutional and environmental factors. A survey conducted by the National Psoriasis Foundation reports that, almost 75% of patients believe that psoriasis had moderate to large negative impact on their quality of life (QOL) with alterations in their daily activities. <em>Guduchi Kwatha </em>along with<em> Karanja Taila</em> which is specifically mentioned in <em>Kushta</em> <em>Chikitsa</em>, taken as intervention after the <em>Virechana Karma.</em></p> Dhanwantari Saste, Mytrhey R C Copyright (c) 2022 Dhanwantari Saste, Mytrhey R C Tue, 01 Nov 2022 08:12:36 +0000 A controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of Shalaparnyadi Kwatha in the management of Vataja Grahani <p><strong>Background: </strong>Current mechanized life, irregular dietary patterns, irregularity in daily practices, junk food indulgence, stressful life, over usage of pesticides and chemicals leads to various gastro intestinal disorders. These factors hamper the digestive capacity of individuals and develop the disease <em>Grahani</em>. <em>Shalaparnyadi Kwatha</em> mentioned in treatment of <em>Vataja Grahani</em> in <em>Sharangadhara Samhita</em> <em>is </em>taken up for study in the management of<em> Vataja Grahani</em>. <strong>Objective: </strong>To evaluate the efficacy of <em>Shalapanryadi Kwatha</em> in <em>Vataja Grahani</em>.<strong> Method: </strong>&nbsp;The study was a double arm open labelled controlled clinical trial with pre and post-test study design. There were total of 41 subjects involved in the study and were divided into two groups - Group A (trial group) with 21 subjects and Group B (controlled group) with 20 subjects. Group A was administered with <em>Shalaparnyadhi</em> <em>Kwatha</em> and <em>Panchamooladya</em> <em>Choorna</em> and Group B was administered with <em>Panchamooladya</em> <em>Choorna</em> for 30 consecutive days<strong>. Result:</strong> A controlled clinical study was conducted on subjects of <em>Vataja</em> <em>Grahani</em> with <em>Shalaparnyadi</em> <em>Kwatha</em> and <em>Panchamooladya Choorna </em>in trial group and <em>Panchamooladya Choorna </em>in control group both the interventions were effective in management of <em>Vataja Grahani.</em> Based on the mean value and statistically significant difference between the groups, trial group showed better result than control group in <em>Amayukta</em> <em>Mala Pravrutti </em>and <em>Udara Shoola. </em><strong>Conclusion: </strong>It can be concluded from the results that added effect of <em>Shalaparnyadi Kwatha</em> with <em>Panchamooladya Choorna</em> is more effective than <em>Panchamooladya Choorna</em> alone.</p> Harshitha M, V Rajendra Copyright (c) 2022 Harshitha M, V Rajendra Tue, 01 Nov 2022 08:16:55 +0000 A randomized comparative clinical study of Manjistha Ghrita (Rubia Cordifolia Linn.) and Go-Ghrita in the management of Kikkisa (Striae Gravidarum) <p>Skin ailments are the third most common disease &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;in developing countries and in modern society it is a subject of sociomedical importance. One such ailment associated with pregnancy is <em>Kikkisa</em> (Striae gravidarum). <em>Kikkisa</em> (Striae gravidarum) is a <em>Garbhini Vyadhi</em> which occurs mostly in <em>Sapta Masa</em> of <em>Garbhini Kala</em> (7<sup>th</sup> month of pregnancy). It is a condition where growing foetus enlarges <em>Garbhashaya</em> which displaces <em>Doshas Vata, Pitta</em> and <em>Kapha</em> upwards, reaches <em>Uras</em> and produces <em>Daha</em> causing <em>Kandu</em> on abdomen, breasts and thighs. Striae gravidarum are seen in 50-90% of pregnant women due to many physiological, metabolic and hormonal changes along with increased stress on connective tissue will lead to breakage of fibers. <em>Manjistha</em> (<em>Rubia cordifolia </em>Linn.) is considered as <em>Raktashodaka</em> and <em>Kushtanuta</em>. Considering the risk factors in pregnancy the current study has been taken up under external application of <em>M</em><em>anjistha</em> in the form of <em>Ghrita</em> over internal usage of <em>Kwatha</em> as mentioned in authentic text. Keeping this in mind a comparative study was conducted to analyze the effect of <em>Manjistha</em> <em>Ghrita</em> and <em>Go</em>-<em>Ghrita</em> on Striae gravidarum.30 subjects after considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria were taken up for the study. Patient’s general and physical examinations were done. On day 0, through inspection if Striae were observed then <em>Manjistha</em> <em>Ghrita</em> and <em>Go-Ghrita</em> were given in alternative manner. Patients were asked to come for follow up on Day 15. The study period was 30 days and on Day 30, patients were examined to check for any changes in Striae. The obtained data were analyzed statistically using Paired T test, UnPaired T test, Wilcoxon test, Mann Witney test, by using SPSS Software. Usage of <em>Manjistha Ghrita</em> gave considerably good results statistically when compared to application of <em>Go-Ghrita</em> as it only helped in reducing the symptoms till the subjects used the medication and there was recurrence of symptoms later.</p> Spoorthi G Hegde, Jalindar Dhamale Copyright (c) 2022 Spoorthi G Hegde, Jalindar Dhamale Tue, 01 Nov 2022 08:23:48 +0000 A controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of Kulatthadi Ghrita in the management of Mutrashmari vis-à-vis Urolithiasis <p><em>Mutrashmari</em> is one of the most common conditions of <em>Mutravahasrotas.</em> The word <em>Ashmari</em> in <em>Sanskrit</em> denotes the stone or calculi and <em>Mutra</em> means urine. <em>Mutrashmari </em>is characterized by formation of stones anywhere in urinary tract. It is a dreadful condition and has potential to disturb the anatomy and physiology of the urinary system. Once it formed in the body it tends recurrence thus get difficult to cure. Hence it is included under <em>Ashtamahagada.</em> In modern medical system it is correlated with urinary calculi or Urolithiasis based on their signs and symptoms. Factors such as diet, water, climate, geographical conditions will also play major role in causing <em>Mutrashmari.</em> Ayurveda basically aims at prevention of formation of <em>Mutrahmari </em>along with braking and flushing of existing calculi. In <em>Ayurveda</em> texts administration of oral medication in different forms such as <em>Ghrita, Kshara, Kashaya</em> and other <em>Shamanousadhi, Shodhana Karma</em> and <em>Shastra Karma</em> are emphasized for management of <em>Mutrashmari.</em> <em>Snehapana</em> is the basic principle in the management which is to be adopted in primary stage of <em>Mutrashmari</em>. In the present study <em>Kulatthadi Ghrita</em> having properties such as <em>Ashmaribhedana, Ashmari</em> <em>Patana</em> and <em>Mutrala</em> activities has been taken up as indicated in <em>Chakradatta</em> for <em>Ashmari, </em>along with <em>Nagaradi Kashaya</em> and <em>Badarashma Pishti.</em></p> Priyanka Hebballi, Gajanana Hegde, Siddram Guled Copyright (c) 2022 Priyanka Hebballi, Gajanana Hegde, Siddram Guled Tue, 01 Nov 2022 08:29:26 +0000 A clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of Tekaraja Churna in the management of Tamaka Shwasa vis-a vis Bronchial Asthma <p><em>Tamaka</em> <em>Shwasa</em> is one among the five types of <em>Shwasa</em>. It is predominantly <em>Kaphavataja Vyadhi</em> originating from <em>Pittasthana</em>. Aggravated <em>Vata</em> leads to its <em>Pratiloma Gati</em> and enters <em>Pranavaha</em> <em>Srotas</em> afflicts the <em>Kapha</em> produces <em>Peenasa, Ghurghuraka, Shwasakricchrata, Kasa, Pramoha, Parshvagraha, Vishuskasyata. </em>This disease shows close resemblance with bronchial asthma. According to global initiative for asthma (GINA), asthma defined as a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways which is associated with airway hyper responsiveness. It leads to recurrent episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and coughing particularly at night and in early morning. Asthma affects both children and adults. It is estimated that as many as 300 million people of all ethnic backgrounds suffer from asthma. Prevalence of asthma in india is 2.5-5.0%. In this present study, <em>Tekaraja</em> <em>Churna</em> mentioned in <em>Sahasrayoga</em> was selected for the management of mild to moderate grade bronchial asthma.</p> Shrikanta, Mytrhey RC Copyright (c) 2022 Shrikanta, Mytrhey RC Tue, 01 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 A comparative clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of Darvyadi Kashaya and Vidangadi Kashaya in Prameha vis-a-vis Type II Diabetes Mellitus <p><strong>Background: </strong><em>Prameha</em> is a <em>Mutratipravrutta</em> <em>Vyadhi</em> which is characterized by <em>Prabhuta</em> <em>Mutra</em> and <em>Avila</em> <em>Mutra</em>. <em>Prameha</em> is considered as a <em>Daruna</em> <em>Vyadhi</em> as it involves <em>Tridosha</em>, affects <em>Basti</em> which is a <em>Mahamarma</em>, is <em>Anushangi</em> with many <em>Upadrava</em>. <em>Kapha</em>, <em>Meda</em> and <em>Shareera</em> <em>Kleda</em> play an important role in its manifestation. This disease has closer resemblance with Type II Diabetes mellitus. In Ayurveda classical texts, various formulations in the form of <em>Kashaya</em>, <em>Ghritha</em>, <em>Asava</em> and <em>Arishta</em> have been explained in the context of treatment of <em>Prameha</em>. <em>Darvyadi</em> <em>Kashaya</em> and <em>Vidangadi</em> <em>Kashaya</em> mentioned as <em>Sarvaprameha</em> <em>Hara</em> <em>Yoga</em> in <em>Charaka</em> <em>Samhita</em> and <em>Yogaratnakara</em> respectively are taken up for study in the management of <em>Prameha</em> vis-a-vis Type II Diabetes mellitus. <strong>Objective:</strong> To compare the efficacy of <em>Darvyadi</em> <em>Kashaya</em> and <em>Vidangadi</em> <em>Kashaya</em> in <em>Prameha</em> vis-`a-vis Type II Diabetes mellitus. <strong>Method:</strong> It was a comparative clinical study involving two groups, Group A and Group B, each consisting of 25 patients. For Group A, <em>Darvyadi</em> <em>Kashaya</em> was administered and for Group B, <em>Vidangadi</em> <em>Kashaya</em> was administered for 90 consecutive days.&nbsp; <strong>Result:</strong> After completion of treatment, it was observed that glycemic control was considerable in both the groups. <em>Darvyadi</em> <em>Kashaya</em> showed slightly better results in <em>Karapada</em> <em>Daha</em> and <em>Prabhuta</em> <em>Mutra</em> at night. In fresh cases, significant glycemic control was observed compared to treated cases in both the groups. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> It can be concluded from the results that both <em>Darvyadi</em> <em>Kashaya</em> and <em>Vidangadi</em> <em>Kashaya</em> are equally effective in management of <em>Prameha</em> vis-a-vis Type II Diabetes mellitus.</p> Tejaswini D Bhat, Sanjay Kumar MD Copyright (c) 2022 Tejaswini D Bhat, Sanjay Kumar MD Thu, 03 Nov 2022 05:27:26 +0000 Clinical efficacy of Tila Taila Paada Abhyanga and Eye Exercises in the management of Timira w.s.r. to Simple Myopia <p>As the world is heading into this new era of digitalization, it is also dragging itself into the valley of diseases and the most apparent and direct ill effect of it can be seen on the health of the eyes. The diseases of eyes are very prevalently emerging in today’s time owing to its multiple abundantly found causative factors like absence of following healthy lifestyle, unhealthy/ improper diet, excessive screen time etc. The most common among the diseases of eyes are the refractive errors. Uncorrected refractive error is reported as the first cause for visual impairment. WHO states that <em>uncorrected myopia</em> is the most common cause for visual impairment. <em>Ayurveda</em>, the Science of Life explicitly talks about the structure of Eye, its Diseases, and the various measures and medications used to preserve the health as well as cure the Diseases of Eyes. <em>Paada Abhyanga</em> is one among them. All the <em>Bhrihatrayees</em> have mentioned about the positive effect of <em>Paada Abhyanga</em> on Eyes i.e., as <em>Drishtiprasaadaka</em>.<em> Eye Exercises</em> well known to reduce the constant Stress of the Eyes caused due to Myopia can be effectively adopted in the management of Myopia.</p> Zeba Afroz MB, Mallikarjun S. Yalagond, Asha V. Karki Copyright (c) 2022 Zeba Afroz MB, Mallikarjun S. Yalagond, Asha V. Karki Thu, 03 Nov 2022 05:33:30 +0000 In Vitro Anti-microbial effect of various extracts of Ġokṣura (Tribulus terrestris) fruits on common pathogens causing Urinary Tract Infection <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>The present study was carried out with an objective to investigate the antimicrobial potentials of various extracts of&nbsp;<em>Gok</em><em>ṣ</em><em>ura</em> (<em>Tribulus terrestris </em>Linn.) fruits on common uropathogen strains. <strong>Material and Methods: </strong>Aqueous, ethanol, chloroform, petroleum ether extracts of fruits of&nbsp;<em>Tribulus terrestris</em> were evaluated for potential antimicrobial activity against certain uropathogen strains. The antimicrobial activity was determined in the extracts using agar well diffusion method. The antibacterial activities of extracts (5%, 10% and 15% w/v) of&nbsp;<em>Tribulus terrestris</em> were tested against <em>Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella pneumonia </em>and <em>Enterococcus faecalis. </em>&nbsp; Zone of inhibition of extracts were compared with that of standard drug Azithromycin 1 % w/v (Positive control) and DMSO(Negative control) for antibacterial activity. <strong>Observations and Results: </strong>Inhibition of the bacterial growth was shown against the tested organisms in all extracts but ethanol extract at 15% concentration showed highest activity against all pathogens. The phytochemical analyses of the plants were also carried out which was found to be similar to standard values of API. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>The results of this study showed that <em>Tribulus terrestris </em>possesses significant antibacterial activity against common uropathogens.</p> Reetu Sharma, Prof. Pawankumar Godatwar Copyright (c) 2022 Reetu Sharma, Prof. Pawankumar Godatwar Thu, 03 Nov 2022 05:43:45 +0000 Experimental evaluation of Chathusama Vati for its Anti-Diarrheal Activity <p><strong>Background: </strong>Diarrhea is the condition of having three or more loose or liquid bowel movements per day. The loss of fluids through diarrhea can cause dehydration and electrolyte disturbances such as potassium deficiency or other salt imbalance. According to the World Health Organization, diarrhea affects 3-5 billion people per year worldwide and cause 5 million death per year. It is an important health problem in all age groups and is a major cause of death in socio-economical backward class of people.<strong> Aim and Objective: </strong>An experimental evaluation of <em>Chathusama Vati</em> for its anti-diarrheal activity.<strong> Methods: </strong>The experimental study was a three-group experimental study, conducted on 6 different rats on each group. Total 18 healthy albino rats weighing between 150 gm to 200gm will be taken and divided randomly into three groups; Rats were induced diarrhea with castor oil orally. Rats of group 1 will be administered with distilled water served as control group. Group 2 will be administered with Loperamide 5 mg/kg. Group 3 will be administered with <em>Chathusama Vati</em> (Humandose×0.018).<strong> Results: </strong>In the experimental study the result was showed as the <em>Chathusama Vati</em> has significant action in Diarrhea.<strong> Conclusion: </strong>From the experimental study the result it was found that <em>Chathusama Vati</em> showed mild ant- diarrheal activity.</p> Revathy L, Chaitra LV Copyright (c) 2022 Revathy L, Chaitra LV Thu, 03 Nov 2022 05:52:06 +0000 Experimental evaluation of Ardrakadi Ghritam for its Anti-microbial Activity <p><strong>Background: </strong><em>Ardrakadi Ghrita</em> mentioned in <em>Sahasrayogam</em> and its Anti-microbial activity was analyzed.<strong> Aim and objective: </strong>An experimental evaluation of <em>Ardrakadi Ghrita</em> for its Anti-microbial activity.<strong> Methods: </strong>Experimental evaluation of <em>Ardrakadi Ghritam</em> for its Anti-microbial activity against microbes such as Escherichia Coli and Klebsiella Pneumonia.<strong> Results: </strong>Determination of zone inhibition by Agar well diffusion method. For Test Organism are Escherichia Coli and Klebsiella Pneumonia. Inoculum: Cell suspension prepared from cultures grown on Trypsin broth adjusted to 1-2 x10<sup>5</sup>cells/ml.<strong> Conclusion: </strong>From the experimental study the result it was found that <em>Ardrakadi Ghrita</em> not showed ant- microbial activity.</p> Vivek Raj R , Chaitra LV Copyright (c) 2022 Vivek Raj R , Chaitra LV Thu, 03 Nov 2022 06:00:08 +0000 Nasya Karma for management of Viswachi - Ayurvedic Review <p><em>Panchkarma</em> is one such branch of specialization in <em>Ayurveda</em> which is known for not only its <em>Shodhana</em> but <em>Shamana</em> and <em>Brihana</em> aspects of treatment as well. <em>Panchkarma</em> consists of five therapeutic measures i.e., <em>Vaman, Virechan, Niruha Basti, Anuvasan Basti</em> and <em>Nasya Karma</em>. Among these five procedures, <em>Nasya Karma </em>plays an important role. It is a procedure used to treat <em>Urdhwa Jatrugata Vikara. Ashtanga Sangraha </em>has quoted “<em>Nasa Hi Shiraso Dwara</em>” meaning nose is the gateway to the <em>Shira</em> (head). <em>Nasa Indriya </em>whose functions are not only for respiration but also considered as pathway for drug administration because it relates to brain centers indirectly. <em>Snehana Nasya </em>a type of <em>Nasya </em>is known to perform <em>Snehana </em>and provide strength to all <em>Dhatus</em> by virtue of its <em>Dhatu Poshaka </em>property. It gives strength to neck, shoulder and bringing about <em>Dhatu Poshana </em>in this condition can be best done by instillation of <em>Vata Shamaka Aushadha </em>through the nostril. In Ayurveda classics various <em>Taila’s</em> are mentioned for <em>Vata Vyadhi</em>. <em>Viswachi</em> is a disease which is classified under the broad spectrum of <em>Vata Vyadhi </em>and which hampers the day-to-day activities of an individual. In the present era, sitting in front of computers for a long time, sedentary lifestyle, excessive travelling, lack of exercise etc. are amongst the chief reasons for aggravation of <em>Vata Dosha </em>and ultimately results in <em>Viswachi. </em>Keeping this view in the mind this review article is designed to provide valuable information about this <em>Panchkarma</em> procedure for management of <em>Viswachi.</em></p> Aarti, Anup Jain Copyright (c) 2022 Aarti, Anup Jain Thu, 03 Nov 2022 06:08:45 +0000 Sharir Kriyatmak aspect of Grahani <p><em>Ayurveda</em> aims at preservation of health and curing of the disease. <em>Ayurveda</em> emphasizes more on the normal condition of <em>Jatharagni </em>(digestive fire), that is why it has been mentioned as “<em>Rogaha Sarvepi Mandagni</em>.” The food undergoes metabolic transformation by <em>Jatharagni</em> and results in maintenance of the body tissue elements by their growth and repair processes. According to <em>Charaka</em>, <em>Jatharagni </em>is the leader of all the factors concern with digestion in the body of all living beings. <em>Charaka</em> also states the seat of <em>Agni</em> is also known as ‘<em>Grahani</em>’ because it receives and retains the food. Further, the main function of <em>Grahani</em> is to support <em>Pachak Pitta</em> which is required for digestion of food, which is brought to this part on the way to <em>Pakwashaya. Grahani</em> not only helps in digestion and metabolism but also take care of separation of <em>Sara </em>and <em>Kitta.</em> Any impairment of <em>Agni</em> will impart the integrity of <em>Grahani</em>. <em>Grahani Roga</em> is one of the very commonly seen diseases in our society, may be because of perverted food habits, socioeconomically condition, modern lifestyle and mental state of human beings. The aim of this study is to describe the <em>Grahani</em> in its <em>Sharir Kriyatmaka </em>(physiological) aspect. So, that it will be easy to prepare efficient protocol for diagnosis and treatment of <em>Grahani Roga</em>.</p> Pooja Patil , Abhaysingh Patil, Savita Wale Copyright (c) 2022 Pooja Patil , Abhaysingh Patil, Savita Wale Thu, 03 Nov 2022 06:21:45 +0000 Review on Utpatti of Shukra Dhatu as per Ayurveda <p><em>Shukra Dhatu</em> is present throughout the body, but according to <em>Sushruta</em>, it is most prominent at the Bladder opening. <em>Moola-Sthana</em> (origin) of <em>Shukravaha Srotasa</em> (system related with reproductive tissue) has Been attributed to <em>Vrishana</em> (testis), <em>Shepha</em> (penis), <em>Stana</em> (breast), and <em>Majja</em> (bone marrow). <em>Shukradhara Kala</em> is a vital structure that spans the entire body. <em>Shukra Pramaana</em> is <em>Ardha Anjali</em> (1/2 handful), whereas typical semen volume is 2 ml according to WHO standards. <em>Dhairya</em> (sexual potency), <em>Chyavanam (</em>timely ejaculation), <em>Preeti</em> (love for partner), <em>Dehabalam</em> (physical strength), <em>Harshana</em> (sexual desire), and <em>Beejaratha</em> (to fulfil the purpose of <em>Beeja</em>, i.e., procreation) are considered to be the functions of the <em>Shukra</em>. When <em>Shukra</em>, which is prevalent throughout the body, is triggered by <em>Harsha</em>, <em>Darshana, Smarana</em>, hearing the voice, <em>Sparshana</em>, or performing sexual activities, <em>Shukra</em> travels to the testis and ejaculates it. Spermatogenesis is a highly structured, complicated series of mitotic and meiotic differentiation Processes that result in genetically differentiated male gametes for fertilisation with the female ovum. It aids in the propagation of a species and adds to genetic diversity on a larger scale. Spermatogenesis is the process of turning spermatogonial germ cells into spermatids through cell proliferation and remodelling. Several Inherent and external variables influence the process. Spermatozoa are discharged into the Epididymis via the seminiferous tubules, where they undergo post-testicular maturation and storage. At the time of ejaculation, the ejaculate, or semen, is freshly generated. Ejaculation usually follows a predictable Pattern.</p> M R Patil, Mudigonda Srinivasa Raju, Kavitha Butali Copyright (c) 2022 M R Patil, Mudigonda Srinivasa Raju, Kavitha Butali Thu, 03 Nov 2022 06:35:56 +0000 Sutikopakrama key for Healthy Mother and Healthy Child <p><em>Ayurveda</em> elucidate due importance for the care of women at every phase of her life, especially when it comes to antenatal and postnatal care. Post natal is a period flowing child birth which can be certainly co-related with <em>Sutika</em> <em>Paricharya</em> explained in <em>Ayurveda</em>.&nbsp; In this stage mother should be educated to take care of herself and the new born baby as the health of the mother affects directly over the newborn.&nbsp; After delivery woman becomes weedy, also empty bodied (<em>Shoonya</em> <em>Shareera</em>)<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> due to physical and mental stress and debility at the level of reproductive organs.&nbsp; It is essential for a mother to deepen and gain the mental, emotional and spiritual resources needed to carry her though all the demands of family life, without feeling depleted.&nbsp; In this article highlights on various major components of <em>Sutika</em> <em>Paricharya</em> such as <em>Ashwasana </em>(Psychological Reassurance), <em>Vihara</em> and <em>Aahara </em>(Normal diet in puerperium) etc., <em>Ayurveda</em> prescribes numerous herbs to establish healthy status of the woman after delivery.&nbsp; <em>Ayurveda</em> has executed the post-natal care (<em>Sutika</em> <em>Paricharya</em>) in a meticulous fashion focusing on every aspect required to nurture and replenish the health of woman and avoid postpartum complications.</p> Sankanagoud Patil, Nanda KO, Anushree ABC Copyright (c) 2022 Sankanagoud Patil, Nanda KO, Anushree ABC Thu, 03 Nov 2022 06:46:04 +0000 Preventive aspect of Obesity in Ayurveda <p><strong>Background: </strong>In this present scenario, over stress and unhealthy food habits with faulty lifestyle reduces individual happiness and predispose to many lifestyle disorders. Obesity is one among them. Obesity has significant negative effects on an individual's quality of life as well as their life expectancy. Obesity becomes prime etiological factors for other comorbidities. <strong>Purpose:</strong> The treatment for obesity through modern sciences which involves multi-drug regimens which can be associated with a variety of side effects as well as they are expensive. Here <em>Nidānaparivarjana</em>&nbsp;and lifestyle modifications can play a key role in the management Obesity. <strong>Material &amp; Methods:</strong> Review of relevant literature for subject available in <em>Ayurveda</em> <em>Samhitas</em>, previous research works, medical text books, journals, database and internet.<strong> Discussion: </strong>The preventive aspect of the <em>Ayurveda</em> is shown in various do’s and don’ts forms such as <em>D</em><em>ī</em><em>ncary</em><em>ā</em><em>, R</em><em>ā</em><em>tricary</em><em>ā</em><em>, Sadv</em><em>ṛ</em><em>tta</em>, <em>Ras</em><em>ā</em><em>ya</em><em>ṇ</em><em>a</em>, and <em>Sa</em><em>ṁ</em><em>ś</em><em>odhana</em> therapy. <strong><em>Nidānaparivarjana</em>&nbsp;</strong>- The prime approach of an <em>Ayurvedic</em> treatment is analyzing the root of the disease and evading the causal or the contributory aspects of a disease is the best way to get rid of it and prevent the same in the future as well. <strong>Lifestyle modification</strong> involves altering long-term habits, typically for eating or physical activity, and maintaining the new behavior for months, years, and till lifetime. Lifestyle modification can be used to treat a range of diseases, including obesity.&nbsp;<strong>Conclusion:</strong> <em>Ayurveda</em> can manage the obesity in better way through modification in <em>Āhā</em><em>ra </em>(Diet), <em>Vih</em><em>ā</em><em>ra </em>(Lifestyle) and <em>Nid</em><em>ā</em><em>naparivarjana</em>. The role of the <em>Ayurveda</em> as in preventive aspect in Obesity is trying to explain in the article.</p> Shivaranjani J Kantharia, Prof. SN Gupta, Prof. M.V. Patel, Prof. K. B. Patel Copyright (c) 2022 Shivaranjani J Kantharia, Prof. SN Gupta, Prof. M.V. Patel, Prof. K. B. Patel Thu, 03 Nov 2022 07:01:02 +0000 Role of Rasayanas in ENT <p>The role of <em>Rasayana</em> in the present era is inevitable. As the mankind is suffering from many kinds of diseases, in order to protect himself from them <em>Rasayanas</em> are indicated. <em>Rasayana</em> is a therapy which improves the normal functioning of human body and also enhances the standard of life. In <em>Shalakyatantra</em>, <em>Rasayana</em> therapy gives clarity to the sense organs. In day-to-day life implementing <em>Rasayanas</em> will make the sense organs stronger and prevents from diseases.</p> Devika D, Hamsaveni V Copyright (c) 2022 Devika D, Hamsaveni V Thu, 03 Nov 2022 07:09:50 +0000 Conceptual study on the etiopathogenesis of Asthikshaya w.s.r. to Postmenopausal Osteoporosis <p>World Health Organization defines osteoporosis as a “Progressive systemic skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and micro architectural deterioration of bone tissue, with a consequent increase in bone fragility and susceptibility to fracture” Osteoporosis is considered a serious public health concern. Based on 2001 census approximately 163 million Indians are above the age of 50. This number is expected to increase to 230 million by 2015. Even conservative estimated suggest that of these, 20% of women and about 10-15% of men would be osteoporotic. The total effected population would, therefore, be around 25million, the figure can increase to 50 million. According to the classics, <em>Asthi Kshaya</em> is having the <em>Lakshanas</em> like <em>Asthi</em> <em>Shoolam, Kesha, Loma, Nakha, Dwija Prapatanam</em>, <em>Sandhi Shaitilya</em>. As some of the <em>Laskshana</em> of <em>Asthi Kshaya</em> resembles with the signs and symptoms of Osteoporosis, to certain extent it can be compared to Osteoporosis.</p> Keerti Rotti, Poornima B, Mamtaz Walikar Copyright (c) 2022 Keerti Rotti, Poornima B, Mamtaz Walikar Thu, 03 Nov 2022 07:20:56 +0000 A conceptual study on Charakokta Nidana of Visarpa with special reference to present day Ahara and Vihara <p>The aim of <em>Ayurveda </em>is “<em>Swasthasya Swasthya Rakshana</em>” and “<em>Aturasya Vikara Prashamana</em>,” it is achieved on the bases of various concepts of <em>Ayurveda</em>. <em>Nidana</em> is one of them. To cope with the fast developing field of medicine many <em>Ayurvedic</em> concepts are to be reviewed, also must be updated and presented so as to fulfill the lacunae in diagnosis and treatment of the disease. With this background, the study “A conceptual study on <em>Charakokta Nidana</em> of <em>Visarpa </em>with special Reference to present day <em>Aharaja</em> and <em>Viharaja</em>” was carried out. All the skin diseases including <em>Visarpa</em> can be prevented if effective care is taken in terms of avoidance of predisposing factors. Since it is not very sure about the exact causative factors of <em>Visarpa,</em> so this Observational study may help to identify the most commonly involved <em>Nidana</em>. <em>Nidana </em>in causation of <em>Visarpa</em> which in turn may help for initiating preventive measures. <em>Nidana</em> of <em>Visarpa</em> explained in <em>Charaka Samhita</em> still holds good in present day life style.</p> KS Shrinvas, Raosaheb A. Deshmukh, Renuka M. Tenahalli, Jyothi Alias Jyotsna P. Baragi, Sachin S. Bagali, Manjula Haiyalkar Copyright (c) 2022 KS Shrinvas, Raosaheb A. Deshmukh, Renuka M. Tenahalli, Jyothi Alias Jyotsna P. Baragi, Sachin S. Bagali, Manjula Haiyalkar Thu, 03 Nov 2022 07:40:50 +0000 Review on ‘Swastya’ - Principles of Charaka Samhita as explained in Dinacharya and Rutucharya <p>Ayurveda is explained by <em>Acharya</em> <em>Caraka</em> as science of life. The primary motive of <em>Ayurveda</em> is maintenance of positive health of an individual and treatment of the diseased; in order to attain four <em>Purusharthas</em>, which is possible only if a person is healthy. Ultimately the benefit of studying the <em>Caraka Samhita</em> is to achieve <em>Dhatu Saamya </em>(equilibrium of body components). The concept of <em>Swastya</em> is explained in every <em>Sthana</em> of <em>Caraka Samhita</em> which explains the significance or existence of concepts of personal health and well-being. Through concepts of promotion of health and personal well-being exceptionally said, <em>Charaka</em> <em>Samhita</em> thus may be considered as textbook of tagline, adding life to years and not merely years to life.</p> Meghana N, Amala Sunil, Sankanagoud Patil Copyright (c) 2022 Meghana N, Amala Sunil, Sankanagoud Patil Thu, 03 Nov 2022 07:49:28 +0000 Critical understanding of the journey of Urinary Calculi from Inception till Cure <p><em>Acharya Sushrutha</em> “the Father of Surgery” has mentioned both medical as well as surgical emergencies in the field of <em>Ayurveda</em>. Among them his skill of managing <em>Ashmari Chikitsa</em> shows an important limelight into the field of surgery. Each and every step mentioned by <em>Acharya </em>in the management requires critical analysis with respect to contemporary practice. The analysis has been carried out through the literary review of <em>Sushrutha Samhitha</em>, modern text and other supporting scientific data. Even though the field of surgery has advanced by leaps and bounds today; many techniques practiced today have still been derived from the practices of <em>Acharya Susrutha</em>.</p> Parvathy Gopan, KM Sweta Copyright (c) 2022 Parvathy Gopan, KM Sweta Thu, 03 Nov 2022 07:54:20 +0000 Conceptual study on the etiopathogenesis of Dadru Kushta w.s.r. to Tinea Infection <p><em>Ayurveda</em> has given importance to skin diseases since the era of <em>Veda</em>. <em>Dadru</em> is a disease affecting the <em>Twak</em> with symptoms of <em>Kandu</em>, <em>Mandala</em> and <em>Pidaka</em>. It is a <em>Kaphapitta</em> <em>Pradhana</em>, where the symptom closely resembles with symptoms of Tinea infection. <em>Dadru</em> <em>Kushta</em> is due to consumption of <em>Ati Amlalavana Sevana</em>, <em>Ati Snigdha</em> and <em>Ati Drava Ahara</em> <em>Sevana</em> and subjects who are taking <em>Dadhi</em> and <em>Matsya</em> with <em>Kshira</em> which leads to aggravation of <em>Pitta</em> and <em>Kapha Doshas</em> which causes derangement on the skin. North Karnataka is well known for its hot and humid conditions making its population at risk of many Dermatophytic infections. Most common are Tinea Corporis and Tinea Cruris. With this an effort is made to understand the Etiopathogenesis of <em>Dadru Kushta</em> w.s.r. to Tinea Infection.</p> Sachin Mahendrakar, RY Timmapur, Mahima SB Copyright (c) 2022 Sachin Mahendrakar, RY Timmapur, Mahima SB Thu, 03 Nov 2022 08:04:15 +0000 Nidra - A Literary Review <p>Sleep plays a key role in the survival of a human being. Sleep deprivation has more negative effects on the quality of life of an individual than food deprivation. More than 1/3<sup>rd</sup> of a human’s life is spent in sleeping. Sleep is one of the 13 <em>Adharaniya</em> <em>Vegas</em>,<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> i.e., the urges that should not be controlled. Sleep is also one the <em>Trayopasthambhas</em> according to <em>Ayurveda</em><strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> i.e., the three pillars of life. Sleeplessness has been mentioned as a symptom in multiple diseases.</p> Sankanagoud Patil, Samyam SG, Pallavi SL Copyright (c) 2022 Sankanagoud Patil, Samyam SG, Pallavi SL Thu, 03 Nov 2022 08:13:56 +0000 AYUSH-64 : A Miraculous Remedy in Covid-19 <p>Tracing back to Dec. 2019 when the first case of Novel Corona Virus disease was reported, the global community is still living in fear of Covid-19 disease due to repeatedly emerging new variants of SARS-CoV2. Even the vaccines developed till date cannot fully prevent the spread of this highly contagious disease posing significant global health burden. In such devastating times Ayurveda system of medicine is a beacon of hope for thousands of people. Ayush-64 is an Ayurvedic formulation which was developed by the Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS), Ministry of AYUSH and Govt. of India for the management of Malaria. It has four ingredients having immunomodulatory, febrifugal, anti-oxidant and antiviral activities. The experimental studies done on Ayush-64 showed that its phytoconstituents have high binding affinity against Covid-19 virus. Therefore, it has also been encompassed in the National Covid management protocol based on Ayurveda and Yoga by GOI for asymptomatic, mild, moderate cases of Covid-19. The potential of Ayurveda has been already seen worldwide during pandemic times. This is our humble attempt to explore the effect of Ayush-64 in Covid-19.</p> Shivani Sharma, Pankaj Sharma Copyright (c) 2022 Shivani Sharma, Pankaj Sharma Thu, 03 Nov 2022 08:17:54 +0000 A study on Charakokta Ahara Vidhi Vidhana w.s.r. to physiology of Digestive System <p><em>Ahara</em> being one of the <em>Upasthambha</em> supports our <em>Shareera</em> for day to day activities and acts as <em>Bala</em> and <em>Prakriti Dayaka</em>, When it is consumed by following the rules and regulations. Wrong diet methods which are widely followed in this modern era result into <em>Ajirna</em> (Indigestion) which is the source of many diseases. <em>Charakokta Ahara Vidhi Vidhana</em> is not only a scientific method to maintain physical health but also to Maintain good mental health which results into proper digestion of the food which inturn promotes health and prevents many diseases. An attempt is made here to understand the physiology behind these rules and regulations and how they affect the process of digestion.</p> Suchitra Kalyanashetti, Tejaswini Janagond Copyright (c) 2022 Suchitra Kalyanashetti, Tejaswini Janagond Thu, 03 Nov 2022 08:22:50 +0000 Concept of Parmanuvada and its Utility <p><em>Ayurveda </em>is a scientific discipline and it had been developed by the ancient ages based on their great clinical observations and successive testing. For its proper application and understanding various philosophical concept have been taken by our <em>Acharya</em> as they form the fundamental principles of <em>Ayurvedic</em> science. When we go through the subject deeply in <em>Ayurveda</em> science, we find the effect of <em>Bhartiya Darshana</em> on it. According to the <em>Vaisheshika Darshana</em>, all objects of the universe are composed of atoms of earth, water, air and fire. Hence, the vision of the <em>Vaisheshika Darshana</em> about creation is called Atomism or <em>Paramanuvada</em>. The atomic theory of the <em>Vaisheshika</em> explains that part of the world which is non eternal, i.e., subject to origin and destruction in time. The eternal constituents of the universe, namely the four kinds of atoms and five substances of <em>Akas</em>, space, time and soul. So, the atomic theory explains the order of creation and destruction of these non-eternal object. The description of <em>Paramanuvada</em> in <em>Vaisheshika Darshana</em> is mainly for the clarification of the <em>Srishti</em> <em>Utpatti</em>. But the explanation of <em>Acharya Charaka</em> is based on the medicinal point of view. The <em>Samyoga </em>and <em>Viyoga</em> of these <em>Parmanu </em>is mainly due to <em>Vayu</em>, <em>Karma</em> and <em>Swabhava</em>. In this article importance of <em>Paramaanuvada</em>, as given in <em>Vaisheshika Darshana</em> has been made and attempted to search and understanding the subjects where <em>Paramaanuvada </em>is applied and can be applicable in <em>Ayurveda</em>.</p> Vasu Singh, Pooja Singh, Harish Chandra Kushwaha, Sandeep Dewedi Copyright (c) 2022 Vasu Singh, Pooja Singh, Harish Chandra Kushwaha, Sandeep Dewedi Thu, 03 Nov 2022 08:29:29 +0000 Ayurvedic diet plays an important role in Psoriasis patient - A Case Study <p>Prevention, treatment and management with right Ayurvedic diet exercise, mental health and proper <em>Langhan</em> (Fasting) in today’s environment is definitely promising to clear skin disease like psoriasis. As you know Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Ayurveda is an oldest system of medicine practiced in various parts of India since many years. In Ayurveda, several herbs, formulations and advised proper Ayurvedic diet which have been used in the management of Psoriasis - <em>Kushta Roga</em> (skin disorders). Here, an effort was made to treat the 45 yrs female patient by applying Ayurvedic diet, with life style changes along with Ayurvedic medication, advised strictly Ayurvedic diet for one month.&nbsp; At the end of one month this management resulted in reduced severity score i.e., Itching, redness, thickness and scaling of skin area. Also found reduction in weight and reduction in Hba1c of the patient.</p> Kavita Sachin Patil, Rajan Balwant Kulkarni Copyright (c) 2022 Kavita Sachin Patil, Rajan Balwant Kulkarni Thu, 03 Nov 2022 08:40:35 +0000 Management of Chronic Migraine (Ardhavabhedaka) through Ayurvedic herbo-mineral drugs : A Case Study <p>Migraine is a neuro vascular disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of pulsatile headache of varying intensity and is generally accompanied with nausea and vomiting, sensitive to light and sound. It is most common headache that generally afflicts ~15% of women and 6% of men. WHO has ranked migraine as a no. 19 among all the diseases worldwide causing disability. In <em>Ayurveda</em> it is well correlated as <em>Ardhavabhedaka, </em>one of the <em>Shiroroga</em> out of 11 mentioned by <em>Acharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em>&nbsp;&nbsp; based on the similarities in etiology, pathophysiology, symptoms and treatment principles. <em>Ardhavabhedaka</em> is a <em>Tridoshaja</em> <em>Vyadhi</em>. In allopathic Science many pharmacological strategies like, Antidepressants, Antiseizure drugs, and BP lowering medications (In hypertensive) are commonly used for the quick relief from Migraine pain but it adds drowsiness, insomnia and depression too; as a complication. This case study is about a patient having Chronic migraine for 3 years with generalized burning sensation all over the body, insomnia and stress. <em>Ayurvedic</em> Management with inclusion of <em>Panchkarma</em> procedures like <em>shirodhara</em> and <em>nasya</em> along with internal herbomineral medications have helped immense to get rid off the symptoms.</p> Mohammad Aamir, Laljee Prasad, Amber, Sujeet Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 Mohammad Aamir, Laljee Prasad, Amber, Sujeet Kumar Thu, 03 Nov 2022 08:47:55 +0000 A Ayurvedic management of Pittavruta Vata w.s.r. to Cervical Myelopathy - A Case Study <p>Cervical myelopathy involves spinal cord dysfunction from compression in the neck.&nbsp;Patients report neurological symptoms such as pain and numbness in limbs, poor coordination, imbalance, and bladder problems. Owing to its mobility, the vertebral column of the neck is particularly prone to degenerative changes such as disc herniation, ligament hypertrophy or ossification, and osteophyte formation. <em>Avarana</em> is a unique concept in <em>Ayurveda</em>. <em>Avarana</em> is the route along which the pathogenesis of many diseases proceeds. It is one of the most complicated fundamental concepts to understand, teach and incorporate in clinical practice. There are so many conditions which mimic <em>Avarana</em>. It is either least observed, diagnosed or goes unidentified due to lack of skill. To understand and analyse the <em>Avarana</em>, meticulous knowledge of basic concept of <em>Avarana</em> is essential. Since <em>Avarana</em> comprises of many different clinical conditions, it is difficult to plan a general treatment schedule. Repeated <em>Panchkarma</em> and <em>Rasayana</em> therapies will help a lot in various types of <em>Avarana</em> management. Here we have to incorporate the concept of <em>Avarana</em> in treating cervical myelopathy for better results. Unravelling the spectrum of manifestations of <em>Avarana</em> will not only help to have a better understanding of the disease, but also enable the physician to have a differential diagnosis in each and every case he is going through. This article strives to put forward the correlation between treatment aspects of the cervical myelopathy and <em>Pittavruta</em> <em>Vata.</em></p> Sumayya P. Copyright (c) 2022 Sumayya P. Thu, 03 Nov 2022 08:51:20 +0000 Role of Upanaha Sweda in the management of Avabahuka - A Case Study <p>According to <em>Ayurveda</em>, <em>Vata Dosha</em> is responsible for most of the body functions including movements of all joints. <em>Avabahuka</em> described by <em>Acharya Sushruta </em>in eighty <em>Vata Vikara</em> is a disease of <em>Ansa Sandhi</em>. It represents with<em> Shoola, Graha</em> and <em>Sakashta Sandhi Kriya</em>. <em>Ansa Sandhi</em> i.e., shoulder joint has a very wide range of motion, so, pain and restriction of movements severely affects the daily activities. <em>Upanaha Sweda</em> is a type of <em>Swedan Karma </em>explained in the management of <em>Vata Dosha</em>. <em>Acharya</em> <em>Vangasena</em> has specifically mentioned <em>Upanaha Sweda</em> in treatment of <em>Avabahuka</em>. Application of mixture of <em>Vatahara Patra </em>and other <em>Dravyas</em> at the affected part helps to relieve pain, stiffness and difficulty in movements. In this case study, a female patient having symptoms of <em>Avabahuka</em> since 8 months was treated with <em>Upanaha Sweda </em>for 14 days and significant improvement was observed.</p> Tanvi Joshi, Seema Bahatkar Copyright (c) 2022 Tanvi Joshi, Seema Bahatkar Thu, 03 Nov 2022 08:54:55 +0000 A Case Series of 1st and 2nd Degree Burn Patients managed with Manjistadi Vikeshika - An Ayurvedic Contact Layer Dressing <p>Burn wounds having coagulative necrosis, is the most devastating and painful condition causing major physical, mental, emotional and social trauma. According to the depth of the necrosis, burns are classified into degrees or grades. The use of ointments, oils, and other topical treatments is a messy operation that does not serve the objective of contact layer dressing. Additionally, there is no uniformity for the amount of drug used in each dressing, resulting in drug wastage. In <em>Bhaishajya Ratnavali, Manjishtadi Taila</em> is mentioned for the management of burns, which possesses <em>Raktapitta Shamaka, Daha Prashamana &amp; Vrana Ropaka</em> properties. Considering the above qualities, this <em>Yoga</em> is taken in the form of <em>Vikeshika</em> for the study. <em>Manjistadi Vikeshika </em>seems to have the qualities of an ideal contact layer dressing, desired healing within 21days of time period. Also, it showed negligible post burn complications and achieved early pigmentation i.e.,<em> Savarneekarana.</em></p> Sumukhi R, Padma, KM Sweta Copyright (c) 2022 Sumukhi R, Padma, KM Sweta Thu, 03 Nov 2022 09:45:27 +0000 To evaluate the role of Lakshadi Avachoornana in the management of Dushta Vrana with special reference to Diabetic Ulcer : A Case Study <p>The global prevalence of diabetics is estimated to increase from 4.0% in 1995 to 5.5% by the year 2025. The chances of secondary infection are more in diabetics as the immunity of the patients is compromised and needs prolonged hospitalization, psychological and social problem for the patients and family. In <em>Madhumehi </em>the vessels of lower limb become weak and is unable to expel the <em>Doshas </em>(along with other <em>Dushyas</em>) leading to <em>Prameha Pidakas </em>more in lower extremities, which eventually burst open precipitating an ulcer. <em>&nbsp;Avachoornana is one among the Shashti Upakrama, explained by Acharya Sushrutha </em>for management of <em>Vrana</em>. Numerous studies are done in the management of <em>Dushta Vrana </em>with the internal medication and external therapies. Here a preliminary attempt to study the effect of <em>Avachoornana</em> with<em> Lakshadi Choorna </em>in the management of the same was taken for the study.</p> Swathi C Nair, K M Sweta Copyright (c) 2022 Swathi C Nair, K M Sweta Thu, 03 Nov 2022 09:55:10 +0000 Ayurvedic management of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus - A Single Case Study <p>Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease. SLE is the disease with unknown etiology in which organs and cells undergo damage initially mediated by tissue-binding autoantibodies and immune complexes. In this paper, a patient diagnosed as SLE, which was managed successfully by <em>Ayurveda</em> treatment was discussed. A 39yr old female patient, visited OPD, with the complaints of rashes all over the body specially over the hands and legs and swelling all over the body specially on feet and hands and face since 6 years and mouth ulcers since 1 year. She was diagnosed as SLE from a higher medical centre with relevant investigations 6 years ago. And she was put on oral medications and steroids. As patient was not willing to continue with steroids any further, she alternatively opted for Ayurveda treatment. The condition was managed as per the principle of <em>Vatarakta</em> line of treatment. <em>Manjishtadi</em> <em>Basti</em> and other external therapy along with oral ulcer management have done for 15 days with oral medication prescribed during and after the treatment. The results of the treatment sustained almost for a year without any complications and flare up of symptoms.</p> Riddhi Sangani, Prajwal Narayan, Ganesh Puttur Copyright (c) 2022 Riddhi Sangani, Prajwal Narayan, Ganesh Puttur Thu, 03 Nov 2022 10:04:13 +0000 Management of Shwitra by Ayurvedic Shaman Chiktsa - A Case Study <p>Vitiligo is among the skin disorder presenting with white patches (Hypopigmented patches) over the skin, mainly caused by loss of melanin pigment or due to destruction of pigment forming cells known as Melanocytes or associated with Auto-Immune diseases like Diabetes mellitus, Pernicious Anaemia, Addison’s Disease. In <em>Ayurvedic</em> literature this is incorporated under <em>Shwitra</em> which is described in <em>kushtha</em> (Dermatosis). It is caused by <em>Dosh</em>a <em>Dhatu</em> <em>Sammurchana</em> mainly include <em>Tridosha</em> and <em>Dhatus</em> like <em>Rasa</em>, <em>Rakta</em>, <em>Mamsa</em>, &amp; <em>Meda</em> leads to <em>Bhrajak</em> <em>Pitta</em> <em>Dushti</em>. The condition is often a matter of concern for social embarrassment &amp; for cosmetic purpose. The following case study of treating the condition of Shwitra is a safe and effective method which includes diet and Internal <em>Ayurvedic</em> medication, as a <em>Shaman</em> <em>Aushadhi</em> followed by <em>Lep Chikitsa</em> and exposure to sun light. Above treatment was aimed to stimulate Melanocytes pigmentation in the skin. We observed good results in the patient of <em>Shwitra Kushtha </em>By above management.</p> Nirmal Sain, Narayan Sabu Copyright (c) 2022 Nirmal Sain, Narayan Sabu Thu, 03 Nov 2022 10:08:13 +0000 Madhu Agnikarma in the pain management of Tennis Elbow - A Case Study <p>Lateral epicondylitis, also known as ‘tennis elbow’, is a very common condition that presents with pain and tenderness on the lateral side of the elbow due to the repetitive stress, results in inflammation of the common extensor tendon of the lateral epicondyle of the humerus. According to <em>Ayurveda</em>, <em>Snayugata</em> <em>Vikara</em> can be correlated with the condition of tennis elbow.<em> Agnikarma</em> being superior among all surgical and parasurgical procedure by its action seems to be more effective in providing instant pain relief. The therapeutic effects of <em>Agnikarma</em> with <em>Kshoudra </em>include relief of pain and muscle spasm, acceleration of healing, promotion of resolution of inflammation and increase in the range of movement of joint.</p> Parvathy MG, Padma, K M Sweta Copyright (c) 2022 Parvathy MG, Padma, K M Sweta Thu, 03 Nov 2022 10:14:02 +0000