Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences <p><strong>Online ISSN :</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2456-3110</a></p> <p><strong>DOI Prefix :</strong> 10.21760/jaims.</p> <p><strong>Frequency :</strong> Bimonthly</p> <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) – An International Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Bimonthly Journal for Researches in AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), is published bimonthly by Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization. The full text of this journal is accessible on website <a href=""></a></p> <p>The ‘JAIMS’ Journal aims to publish the scientific and research outcomes with a view to inform and share the scientific findings, advice, risk assessment conclusions and recommendations for further research in the areas within the limits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy). It also aims to increase the visibility and awareness of AYUSH’s scientific work worldwide.</p> <p>As an Integrated medical journal for Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy, Medicinal Plants Sciences, Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, etc., ‘JAIMS’ aims to explore the alternative system of medicines, encouraging significant collaboration to promote effective, safe and economical global health.</p> <p>The JAIMS journal will consider any original contribution that advances medical science or practice, or that educates the journal's readers. Manuscripts must be solely the work of the author(s) stated, must not have been previously or partially published elsewhere, and must not be under consideration by another journal.</p> <p>All manuscripts contributed to JAIMS are examined by the editorial staff and all original articles are evaluated by peer reviewers assigned by the editors. The JAIMS will publish accepted peer reviewed manuscript within 4 weeks of time.</p> en-US <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) retains the copyright of the contents of this journal but grant the readers the right to use the contents with terms and conditions under a creative common attribution licenses 4 of Attribution, Share Alike and Non-commercial type (CC BY-NC-SA) that allows copy, distribute, display, and perform the work and make derivative works based on it only for&nbsp;non-commercial&nbsp;purposes.</p> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> (Dr. Umapati C. Baragi) (Dr. Jyoti M. Ganer) Wed, 19 Jan 2022 14:35:19 +0530 OJS 60 A clinical study of effect of Udarda Prashman Ghana Vati and Siddharthak Taila in Sheetapitta, Udarda and Koth <p><strong>Background:</strong> <em>Sheetapitta, Udarda </em>and<em> Kotha</em> are a <em>Tridoshaja Vyadhi</em>, in which <em>Rasa</em> and <em>Rakta</em> <em>Dhatu</em> are <em>Dushya</em>, <em>Rasavaha</em> and <em>Raktavaha Srotas</em> are involved, <em>Srotodushti</em> is <em>Vimarga-Gamana</em>, <em>Adhisthana</em> is <em>Twacha</em> and <em>Vyadhi Swabhava</em> is <em>Aashukaari</em>. <em>Lakshana</em> of this <em>Vyadhi</em> are - <em>Varatidansta Sansthan Shotha</em>, <em>Mandalotpatti, Kandu, Toda, Raag </em>etc. <strong>Objective:</strong> To know the effect of <em>Udarda Prashamana Ghana Vati</em>&nbsp; and <em>Siddharthak Taila</em> in <em>Sheetapitta, Udarda </em>and<em> Kotha</em>. <strong>Methods:</strong>&nbsp; In this clinical study, 60 patients of <em>Sheetapitta, Udarda </em>and<em> Kotha (Urticaria)</em> have been randomly divided in to 2 groups. In the first group, 30 patients were given <em>Nitya Virechana Churna</em> – <em>Churna</em> selection and dose according to <em>Prakriti </em>and<em> Koshtha</em> of the patient, <em>Udarda Prashamana Ghana Vati</em> for Internal use - 500 mg thrice a day with water and <em>Siddharthak Taila</em> for external use for 2 months. In the same second group, 30 patients were given <em>Udarda Prashamana Ghana Vati</em> for Internal use – 500 mg thrice a day with water and <em>Siddharthak Taila</em> for external use for 2 months<strong>. Results:</strong> After studying all the data, we found encouraging results in both Group A and Group B, but more benefits in Group A than compare to Group B. <strong>Conclusion: </strong><em>Udarda Prashamana Ghana Vati </em>and <em>Siddharthak Taila</em> are a safe, cheap and harmless <em>Aushadh Yog</em>a in <em>Sheetapitta, Udarda </em>and<em> Kotha</em>. If both are given with <em>Nitya Virechana Churna, </em>they are even more beneficial.</p> Vinay Kumar Yadu Copyright (c) 2022 Vinay Kumar Yadu Wed, 19 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0530 A clinical study to evaluate the combined effect of Kalyanaka Ghrita and S-GABA Churna (an indigenous formulation) on psychological symptoms in Perimenopausal Syndrome <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Perimenopause is the physiological transitional phase, where the estrogen level decreases due to depletion in ovarian follicular activity. Even though it is a physiological condition decreased estrogen secretion in the circulating system result in group of symptoms termed as Perimenopausal syndrome, consisting of psychological, vasomotor, somatic and uro-genital symptoms. The psychological symptoms are anxiety, depression, irritability, crying spells, lack of concentration, loss of memory and sleep disturbances which needs to be handled with specific intervention. <strong>Materials &amp; Methods:</strong> It was single group study, with pre-post test design.&nbsp; Study included 32 subjects between the age group 40–55-year females. <em>Kalyanaka Ghrita</em> was used for <em>Nasya Karma</em>, <em>S-GABA Churna</em> as <em>Shamanaoushadhi</em>. <strong>Result:</strong> The results obtained after completion of intervention showed statistically highly significant with p value 0.001. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The psychological symptoms in perimenopausal syndrome was effectively managed with <em>Kalyanaka Ghrita Nasya Karma</em> and <em>S-GABA Churna</em> as <em>Shamanoushadhi</em>.</p> Rohini T Sakhare, Rajendra V Copyright (c) 2022 Rohini T Sakhare, Rajendra V Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:07:04 +0530 Clinical study of Raktamokshana procedure in the disease Gridhrasi <p><em>Gridhrasi </em>is one type of <em>Nanatmaja Vata Vyadhi </em>as described in <em>Charaka Samhita</em><strong><em>. </em></strong>The signs and symptoms of this disease keep much relationship with those of Sciatica according to modern medical science<strong><em>. </em></strong>This disease is a painful neuralgia of Sciatic nerve, in which pain starts from the gluteal region of the patient and radiates down gradually through the back of thigh, knee, calf and outer border of foot<strong><em>. </em></strong>Traditional Ayurvedic medicines applied to alleviate pain of this disease sometimes seem insufficient<strong><em>. </em></strong>In this condition a clinical trial has been done through the application of Multiple Vacuum Syringe Blood Aspiration Procedure <strong><em>(</em></strong>MVSBAP<strong><em>)</em></strong> along with the traditional Ayurvedic medicines<strong><em>. </em></strong>Raktamokshana is an effective bloodletting therapy<strong><em>. </em></strong>Classically it is described as six types i<strong><em>.</em></strong>e<strong><em>.</em></strong>,<strong><em> (</em></strong><em>1</em><strong><em>) </em></strong><em>Shringa</em>, <strong><em>(</em></strong><em>2</em><strong><em>) </em></strong><em>Jalauka</em>,<strong><em> (</em></strong><em>3</em><strong><em>) </em></strong><em>Alabu</em>, <strong><em>(</em></strong><em>4</em><strong><em>) </em></strong><em>Shiravedha</em>, <strong><em>(</em></strong><em>5</em><strong><em>) </em></strong><em>Prachchhana</em> and <strong><em>(</em></strong><em>6</em><strong><em>) </em></strong><em>Ghatiyantra</em><strong><em>.</em></strong> In the present study, the Multiple Vacuum Syringe Blood Aspiration Procedure <strong><em>(</em></strong>MVSBAP<strong><em>)</em></strong>, a combination of <em>Prachchhana</em> and <em>Ghatiyantra</em>, is applied to the <em>Gridhrasi</em> patients<strong><em>. </em></strong>Total 60 patients are selected for the clinical trial by simple random sampling method from the OPD and IPD of Government Ayurveda College and Hospital, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh<strong><em>. </em></strong>Two groups are made like Group<strong><em>-</em></strong>A and Group<strong><em>-</em></strong>B, each consisting of 30 patients<strong><em>. </em></strong>Patients of Group<strong><em>-</em></strong>A are treated with only traditional Ayurvedic medicines and patients of Group<strong><em>-</em></strong>B are treated with MVSBAP along with traditional Ayurvedic medicines<strong><em>. </em></strong>After one month of treatment, final assessment is done on statistical parameters and the result is incurred<strong><em>. </em></strong></p> Padma Lochan Sankhua, Ajay Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 Padma Lochan Sankhua, Ajay Kumar Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:09:38 +0530 A clinical study to evaluate the combined effect of Kanjikataila Sthanika Abhyanga, Dhanyamla Parisheka and Paripathadi Kadha in the management of Prameha Upadrava vis-à-vis Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy [DPN] <p>The commonest form of complication of Diabetes Mellitus is Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy [DPN] and is estimated to effect half of the population with diabetes mellitus. The reported worldwide prevalence of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy ranges from 16% to as high as 66%. Symptoms of Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy [DPN] include sharpness or burning pain that begins in feet and spreads proximally, sensation of numbness and tingling sensation<em>. </em>These features resemble the features of<em> Prameha Upadrava </em>which are <em>Daha, Nidranasha, Paridhoopana, Shoola, Toda</em>, and <em>Harsha</em> along with symptoms of <em>Prameha.</em> DPN represents a major health problem as it may present with excruciating neuropathic pain and responsible for substantial morbidity, impairs quality of life, and increases mortality. Present study is a single group open clinical trial with pre-post-test design with sample size of 30 subjects. Intervention to subjects of DPN was <em>Kanjika Taila Sthanika Abhyanga</em> followed by <em>Dhanyamla Parisheka</em> to the affected limbs for the first 10 consecutive days with internal administration of <em>Shamanoushadhi</em> for all 30 consecutive days. The result obtained on the parameters of the LANSS scale was statistically highly significant with ‘p’ value 0.000 in the management of <em>Prameha Upadrava</em> vis~a~vis DPN.</p> Amitha CM, Rajendra V Copyright (c) 2022 Amitha CM, Rajendra V Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:12:17 +0530 Pain management (Vedanasthapana) with Svadanstra Taila in Janu Sandhigata Vata by two different Ausadha Sevana Margas - A Clinical Study <p><em>Sandhigata</em> <em>Vata</em> is a <em>Sula</em> and <em>Sotha</em> <em>Pradhana</em> <em>Vataja</em> <em>Nanatmaja</em> <em>Vyadhi</em> affecting loco-motor system leaving person disable and make him unable to do his daily routine works. <em>Acarya</em> <em>Vagbhata</em> and <em>Sushruta</em> have considered <em>Vata</em> <em>Vyadhi</em> as <em>Mahagada</em>. It is so called due to the fact that the treatment is time consuming and prognosis is uncertain. <em>Sandhigata</em> <em>Vata</em> is one of the <em>Vata</em> <em>Vyadhi</em>, situated in <em>Marma</em> and <em>Madhyama</em> <em>Rogamarga</em> makes it <em>Kastasadhya</em>. In Ayurvedic classics, there is mention of different formulations for the treatment of <em>Sandhigata</em> <em>Vata</em> one among them is <em>Svadanstra</em> <em>Taila</em>. A study was conducted where patients having symptoms of <em>Sandhigata</em> <em>Vata</em> were selected and divided into two Groups A and B. These two Groups containing 30 patients each were treated with <em>Svadanstra</em> <em>Taila</em> by two different <em>Ausadha</em> <em>Sevana</em> <em>Margas</em> i.e., <em>Bahya</em> and <em>Mukha</em> respectively. The data shows <em>Svadanstra</em> <em>Taila</em> given internally as <em>Snehana</em> has provided better relief.</p> Asif Mohammed, Dixit Renu, Reddy KV Vijaya Bhaskara Copyright (c) 2022 Asif Mohammed, Dixit Renu, Reddy KV Vijaya Bhaskara Wed, 19 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Effect of Tila Taila Pana and Udvartana in the management of Sthoulya - A Clinical study <p><em>Sthoulya</em> is the most common disorder in the society, which is defined as an excessive amount of <em>Meda</em> in <em>Sthana</em>, <em>Udara</em> and <em>Sphik</em> <em>Pradesha</em>. <em>Sthoulya</em> itself is a <em>Santarpanotta</em> <em>Vyadhi</em>, So, <em>Apatarpana</em> therapy is indicated in the management of <em>Sthoulya</em>. It is achieved by <em>Tila</em> <em>Taila</em> <em>Pana</em> and <em>Udvarthana</em> with <em>Triphala</em> <em>Choorna</em>, which comes under <em>Rukshana</em> therapy. So, this study has been taken to evaluate the effect of <em>Tila Taila Pana</em> as well as <em>Udvarthana</em> in the treatment of <em>Sthoulya</em>. The present study intends to know the effect of <em>Tila</em> <em>Taila</em> <em>Pana</em> and <em>Udvarthana</em> in the management of <em>Sthoulya</em>. <strong>Methods:</strong> 60 patients dignosed as <em>Sthoulya</em> are selected and randomly allocated in to two groups i.e Group-A (<em>Tila</em> <em>Taila</em> <em>Pana</em>) and Group-B (<em>Tila</em> <em>Taila</em> <em>Pana</em> and <em>Udvarthana</em>). Assessment was made on subjective and objective parameters. Observation was made before, after treatment and follow-up. <strong>Results:</strong> Both the clinical studies and both groups showed highly significant in all criteria but statistically on comparison Group B showed better results than Group A. <strong>Interpretation:</strong> Both the studies have highly significant effect in <em>Sthoulya</em>. The <em>Tila Taila Pana</em> and <em>Udvarthana</em> with <em>Triphala Choorna</em> showed better results compared to <em>Tila</em> <em>Taila</em> <em>Pana</em> alone. So, <em>Tila</em> <em>Taila</em> <em>Pana</em> and <em>Udvarthana</em> both can be applied in the management of <em>Sthoulya</em>. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> Overall study revealed <em>Tila Taila Pana</em> and <em>Udvarthana </em>with <em>Triphala Choorna </em>have shown better result compared to <em>Tila Taila Pana </em>alone.</p> D. S. Gunari, Shridevi Prasad, Venkatesh Illal Copyright (c) 2022 D. S. Gunari, Shridevi Prasad, Venkatesh Illal Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:16:54 +0530 A comparative clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of Dashamoola Niruha Basti with Rasna-Erandadi Niruha Basti in the management of Gridhrasi vis~a~vis sciatica <p><em>Gridhrasi </em>is one among <em>Shoola Pradhana Vatavyadhi</em>, mentioned under <em>Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhi.</em></p> <p>Sciatica is defined as radiating pain along the course of sciatic nerve and is felt in the back, buttocks, posterior of the thighs, legs and foot caused due to disc protrusion, the nerve roots most frequently affected are L4, L5, and S1. The pain is severe, sharp and shooting type associated with other symptoms such as numbness, tingling sensation, weakness, and sensitivity to touch. The signs and symptoms of <em>Gridhrasi </em>are similar to sciatica. The present study is comparative clinical study with pre and post test design with sample size 50 subjects with 25 subjects in each group. The intervention of Group A was <em>Katibasti, </em><em>Dashamoola Niruha Basti</em> in <em>Yoga Basti</em> pattern for first 8 days and Group B, <em>Katibasti</em><em>, Rasna Erandadi Niruha Basti</em> in <em>Yoga Basti</em> pattern for first 8 days followed by <em>Erandabija Payasa</em> as <em>Shamanaoushadi, </em>both the groups for next 16 consecutive days. The results obtained on assessment parameters like <em>Ruk, Stambha</em>, SLR test, Bragard’s sign, and Functional ability scale value with the significance “P” value of 0.000 in the management of <em>Gridhrasi </em>vis-à-vis Sciatica. Hence, it was inferred that the selected intervention Group B (trial group) <em>Rasna Erandadi Niruha Basti</em> showed better results than Group A (control group) <em>Dashamoola Niruha Basti</em> in the management of <em>Gridhrasi</em> vis-à-vis Sciatica.</p> Ashwini Appasaheb Bargi, Gajanana Hegde, Ramaling S. Hugar Copyright (c) 2022 Ashwini Appasaheb Bargi, Gajanana Hegde, Ramaling S. Hugar Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:19:14 +0530 Student perception of Online Teaching in HEI during COVID-19 Pandemic : A Survey Study <p>The COVID 19 pandemic has strangulated the educational sector. The current study was aimed to know the student perception of online teaching in Higher Education Institute (HEI) during COVID 19 pandemic. This study hence brings about required modifications to deliver knowledge effectively in this current crisis. An online survey was conducted among the students of Higher Education Institute (HEI). As part of this process, validated questionnaire was sent to 4982 students. 60 percent (2986) students responded to them. Questionnaire included 11 domains and 26 items or sub domains related to online teaching. Study found majority of students choosing smart phones as preferred device for learning. There were varied opinions regarding connectivity. Students were satisfied with the quality of online classes delivered. Microsoft Teams was suggested by students as a better platform to learn than other online platforms. Study hence mentions more smart phone based educational applications and learning platforms to be prepared along with smart phone run digital repositories, etc. The study only could furnish response from 60percent student population of HEI; the survey was based on one month online teaching schedule. In study, limited online platforms were only used and individual features of online platforms were utilized not mentioned.</p> Nithin Krishnan R, Ravikant Sharma Copyright (c) 2022 Nithin Krishnan R, Ravikant Sharma Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:20:58 +0530 Pharmacological Analytical Study of Siddharthak Taila <p><em>Siddharthak Taila</em> has been described in <em>Yogratnakar Uttarardha</em> in the treatment of <em>Sheetapitta, Udarda &amp; Kotha. </em>We have prepared <em>Siddharthak Taila </em>by taking equal quantity fine powder of all the constituents – <em>Siddhartha (Shweta Sarsapa)</em> (<em>Brassica Alba</em>), <em>Haridra</em> (<em>Curcuma longa</em>), <em>Kushtha</em> (<em>Saussurea Costus</em>), <em>Chakramarda</em> (<em>Cassia Tora</em>), <em>Tila</em> (<em>Sesamum Orientale</em> Linn) and <em>Sarsapa</em> <em>Taila</em> (<em>Brassica Campestris</em> Linn). We sent the above prepared <em>Siddharthak Taila</em> to the Drugs Testing Laboratory for Pharmacological Study in a well-sealed &amp; packaged as per the guidelines published by Laboratory Guide for Analysis of Ayurveda and Siddha Formulations, CCRAS, New Delhi.&nbsp;The Results of The Test Parameters of <em>Siddharthak Taila</em> are as follows - Refractive Index at 25° - 1.4719°,&nbsp;Weight/ ml 25°&nbsp;- 0.909°, Mineral Oil - Absent.</p> Yadu Vinay Kumar Copyright (c) 2022 Yadu Vinay Kumar Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:24:26 +0530 In Vivo Anti-Cancer studies of Simarouba glauca aqueous extract leaves on Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma model in mice <p>The present study has been carried out to explore the in vivo anticancer activity of <em>Simarouba glauca</em> aqueous extract leaves against Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma (EAC) in Swiss albino mice.The in vivo anticancer activity has been evaluated against EAC cells in Swiss albino mice by monitoring parameters including body weight, mean survival time and hematological parameters. This study indicated that aqueous extract of <em>S. glauca </em>DC leaves (500 mg/kg, p.o.) that significantly increase life span, compared to control group. 5-Flurouracil (20mg/kg, p.o.) was used as a positive control. <em>Simarouba glauca </em>DC leaves (500 mg/kg, p.o.) alerted the hematological parameters such as hemoglobin content increased, RBC increased and WBC decreases compared to cancer control. In conclusion, <em>S.glauca </em>DC leaves (500 mg/kg, p.o.) shows anticancer activity in EAC induced carcinoma in mice.</p> Mahesh CD, Subramanya Padyanna, Manjunath, Suresh Janadri Copyright (c) 2022 Mahesh CD, Subramanya Padyanna, Manjunath, Suresh Janadri Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:29:10 +0530 Observational study on effect of myopia associated with poor sleep and screen time <p>Myopia or short-sightedness is the most common vision disorder among children and young adults in which defective vision and loss of vision occur. &nbsp;Global cases of myopia are on the rise, with some research indicating a link between excessive screen use and on the onset of the condition. In myopia patient can see objects near to them clearly, but objects far away like road signs are blurry. The condition is caused by excessive elongation eye. As a result the rays of light entering the eye focus in front of the retina instead of directly on the retina, causing blurriness. In Ayurveda symptoms of&nbsp;&nbsp; <em>Timira</em> can be considered as more similar to refractive error i.e. myopia. With screen based devices, e.g., tablets, smart phones, laptop, computers, televisions etc. these causes glare, extra eye strain, dry, irritate eye, loss of focus flexibility i.e. eyes stay focused close-up for long periods then it is difficult to adjust to distance vision. And increases the risk of myopia. The blue light from computer and device screens, when used in the evening, alters the brain’s sleep rhythm. The brain reads the screen light as daytime and shifts the body’s circadian rhythm which causes poor sleep time. The main object of this study is to know the incidence of myopia associated with poor sleep and screen time. The study was carried out as an observational study among 100 volunteers having poor sleep and more screen time.</p> Mahejabeen M Jikare , Prof. Nilakshi S Pradhan Copyright (c) 2022 Mahejabeen M Jikare , Prof. Nilakshi S Pradhan Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:31:04 +0530 Assessing the validity and reliability of a Prakriti assessment questionnaire in gynecology cases: A pilot study <p>This study was designed to validate a <em>Prakriti</em> assessment questioner through a scientific method. <em>Prakriti</em> is one of a basic concept discussed in Ayurveda which can categories population into several subgroups based on phenotypic characters like appearance, temperament and habits. Traditionally <em>Prakriti</em> assessment is done by Ayurveda physician with clinical investigations but in resent era several tools have developed to assess the <em>Prakriti,</em> including questionnaires. In this study 54 cases were selected randomly from the outpatient department of the Gynecology unit. The cross cultural adaptation was achieved by translating the questioner from original version, performed by independent mother tongue translator who are with Ayurveda background, followed by the committee review. Test retest reliability was examined for 40 subjects who completed the tool twice within 14 days interval. Cronbach's Alpha was run to test the test retest reliability of the questionnaire. Reliability of the <em>Prakriti</em> assessment questionnaire from 1<sup>st</sup> administration to 2<sup>nd</sup> attempt was 0.585 to 0. 453 respectively.&nbsp; This study noted less than optimal reliability for Sinhala version of the <em>Prakriti</em> assessment questioner. Despite this finding, modifications of the tool is still necessitated by the absence of gold standard <em>Prakriti </em>assessment measurement for Sinhala speaking population. Therefore, it’s necessary for developing more sophisticated tool which can be used for research and clinically in Ayurveda medicine in Sri Lanka.</p> Kaumadi Karunagoda, P K Perera, H Senanayake Copyright (c) 2022 Kaumadi Karunagoda, P K Perera, H Senanayake Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:32:40 +0530 Role of “AYUSH Kit” in fighting COVID -19 among Mysuru City Police. <p>Introduction: The covid-19 crisis has shaked the healthcare system globally, Policemen being the frontline warriors have played a crucial role in fighting covid-19, they are also at higher risk of getting infected because of their inevitable movement even in this lockdown. Several state governments have given Ayush preparations as prophylactic medication to their frontline workers and police staff. The AYUSH ministry advisory has also helped citizens boost their immunity using simple preparations. This probably is the reason why Covid-19 has not spread uncontrollably in India.<br>Materials and methods: A retrospective cross-sectional survey, with a standard questionnaire to assess the role of Ayush immune boosting kit to fight Covid-19, among Mysore city police.<br>Results and Discussion: Overall the study gave a significant result in terms of infection positivity rate and combating the stress of covid-19 duty among those who used Ayush immunity kit compared to the other community who are not used that.<br>Conclusion : Ayurveda is a holistic science. More than a medical system it is a way of life.</p> Hitesh Prasad B., Gajanana Hegde, Venkatakrishna K. V., Asha S. A. Copyright (c) 2022 Hitesh Prasad B., Gajanana Hegde, Venkatakrishna K. V., Asha S. A. Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:39:01 +0530 An observational study to evaluate the relation between Prakruti and Menopausal Age <p>Menopause is a permanent cessation of menstruation at the end of reproductive life. India has large population in which, menopausal woman is about 43 million. Current studies identified 46.2 +- 4.9years as the age of natural menopause in India. Mean natural menopausal age in south India is 46.1 +- 5.63. Menopause affects 1/3<sup>rd</sup> population &amp; in 1/3<sup>rd</sup> of life span of women. <strong>Objective -</strong> To evaluate the relation between <em>Prakruti</em> &amp; menopausal age. <strong>Method of study</strong> - The questionnaire was given to assess the <em>Deha Prakruti</em> then it was categorized into 60 <em>Vata</em>, 60 <em>Pitta</em> and 60 <em>Kapha Pradhana Prakruti</em>. Thereafter their menopausal age was assessed. Result shown that there was significant difference in the menopausal Age, among three different <em>Deha Prakruti</em>, which can be correlated according to the predominance of the <em>Dosha</em> in <em>Deha Prakruti</em>. <strong>Conclusion</strong> - The study shown that <em>Pitta Pradhana Prakruti</em> women attained early menopause and <em>Kapha Pradhana Prakruti</em> women attained late menopause. Hence, <em>Rajonivrutti</em> may also be affected by <em>Prakruti,</em> so the study is intended to know the relation between <em>Prakruti </em>&amp; Menopausal age.</p> Ashwini I. Honagannavar, Mahanthswami Hiremath, Pratibha Kulkarni Copyright (c) 2022 Ashwini I. Honagannavar, Mahanthswami Hiremath, Pratibha Kulkarni Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:40:40 +0530 A review article on Modern Perspective of Nitya Sevaniya Ahara (Wholesome Daily Food) <p>In Ayurveda, <em>Ahara</em> (food) has been recognized as an important constituent for human being, both in healthy and diseased state. Ayurveda <em>Acharyas</em> have been described in detail about <em>Nitya Sevaniya </em>and<em> Nitya Asevaniya Ahara </em>in detail. If one person consumes wholesome food daily with wholesome activities will get free from diseases. Acharya Charaka mentioning that we have to consider dosa, desa, prakruthi, satmya while selecting wholesome food. With rapid globalization the food habits have changed, people started to consume acidic foods. These are the major cause of many lifestyle disorders. So here we analyzing the effect of Nitya <em>Sevaniya</em> <em>Ahara</em> from different angles other than balanced food. That is with respect to alkalizing concept of food, fibrous content, prebiotics and effect of <em>Ahara</em> on gut microbiome.</p> Shaniba KV, Shobhana MC Copyright (c) 2022 Shaniba KV, Shobhana MC Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:43:39 +0530 Sadvritta with special reference to Charak Samhita <p>Health, according to Ayurveda, is a balance of body, mental, social, and spiritual wellbeing. Ayurveda is the Sanskrit word for "life science”. It is a guide to living an optimal and healthy life style for every human being in the universe, not only a therapeutic science. Ayurveda's major goal is to maintain health rather than treat sickness. According to Ayurveda, everyone can enjoy healthy life by following certain rules laid by the science. These various rules are divided into <em>Dincharya</em> (a daily regimen), <em>Ritucharya</em> (seasonal routine) and <em>Sadvritta</em> (code of good conduct for mental health and social behavior). These rules are very important in prevention of disease and promotion of ideal health. According to Ayurveda, to maintain healthy and disease free life everyone should follow these rules. In <em>Charak</em> <em>Samhita</em>, <em>Acharya</em> <em>Charak</em> has prescribed a list of good conduct which is very necessary to follow if we want to control the sense organ and to obtain perfect health. <em>Sadvritta</em> give the detail knowledge about “what to do?” What should not to?” and also “how to live?” Following the codes of right conduct described in Ayurveda is highly effective in reducing the life disorders and helps to live healthy life. <em>Sadvritta</em> is being studied since long by all Ayurvedists but very few conceptual works have been carried out an it. Therefore, in this article attempts are made to explain <em>Sadvritta</em> in details as maintained in Ayurvedic literature and its overall effect on human body.</p> Shivani Yeotikar, Brijesh Mishra Copyright (c) 2022 Shivani Yeotikar, Brijesh Mishra Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:46:01 +0530 Conceptual study on the action of Anjana Karma to explore its preventive, local and systemic effects w.s.r. to Anjana Karma in Shalakya Chikitsa, Kayachikitsa and Visha Chikitsa <p><em>Anjana Karma</em> the herbal collyrium is one of the effective and unique remedies among the <em>Kriyakalpa</em> which has been comprehensively used for preventive and curative eye care with immense success in <em>Ayurveda,</em> along with Ophthalmology, <em>Anajan Karma</em> is also indicated in the management of various systemic illness and also in some critical condition like in the management of<em> Visha</em> complication. So, here all efforts has been made to explain the probable mode of action of <em>Anjana</em> in eye disease, systemic diseases and acute therapeutical action in the <em>Visha</em> complication.</p> Yogesh Kumar Netam, Anita Sharma, Sasmita Tripathi, Vibha Pali, Manish Kumar Patel, Vishnu Patel Copyright (c) 2022 Yogesh Kumar Netam, Anita Sharma, Sasmita Tripathi, Vibha Pali, Manish Kumar Patel, Vishnu Patel Wed, 19 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Neurological examination of Vata Vyadhi and its management <p>The nervous system is the major controlling, regulatory and communicating system in the body. it is the center of all mental activity including thought, learning and memory. Nervous system examinations includes general examinations, motor symptoms (i.e. power, nutrition, coordination and involuntary movement), sensory symptoms (i.e. tingling sensation), cranial nerve examination, sphincter disturbances, reflexes (deep tendon reflexes and superficial reflexes). Role of neurotransmitters plays essential role in <em>Vata</em> <em>Vyadhi</em>. NCT (nerve conduction test) and EMG (electro myography) also given exact dysfunctioning of particular nerve or muscles and tendon. <em>Vata</em> is responsible for control of all the central nervous functioning in the body. it is responsible for all the movements in the body, diseases caused by <em>Vata</em> in its vitiated conditioned called <em>Vatavyadhi</em>. <em>Vata</em> is present in everyone it doesn’t produce diseases in everyone. Only vitiated <em>Vata</em> is responsible for causing disease, <em>Vatavyadhi</em> are more than 80 <em>Nanatmaj Vyadhi</em>. <em>Charak</em> has stated that causes of all these <em>Vatavyadhi</em> can be divided into two types i.e., <em>Dhatukshayajanya</em> and <em>Margavarodhjanya</em>. Treatment for <em>Dhatukshayajanya</em> is <em>Brihana</em> and for <em>Margavarodhjanya</em> is <em>Vata</em>-<em>Anulomak Chikitsa.</em> Sphincter disturbances is treated by <em>Vata</em>-<em>Anulomak Chikitsa</em>. Neurotransmitters dysfunctioning is treated by <em>Rasayana</em> drugs.</p> Shradhha Sharma Copyright (c) 2022 Shradhha Sharma Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:50:41 +0530 Anatomical review of Sandhi Sharir in various type of Sandhi in Ayurveda <p>The human body is mainly supported by the bone which does <em>Dharan</em> of body. These bones are interconnected with the help of various joint because of which these bone are joined together and able to hold the body in proper way. The movement of the body is possible only due to the joints, for better knowledge of the <em>Sandhi</em> it is very important to know the structure as well as its function of the <em>Sandhi</em>. In <em>Ayurveda</em> concept of <em>Sandhi</em> is given in various <em>Ayurvedic</em> <em>Samhita</em>. In grammatical literature the meaning of <em>Sandhi</em> is given as the union or to unite or meeting point of two or more structure regarding this <em>Aacharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em> has quoted that although there are numerous <em>Sandhi</em> in our body which cannot be counted so only <em>Asthi</em> <em>Sandhi</em> should following the same the synonyms the embryology, <em>Sandhi</em> <em>Sankhya</em>, <em>Pitruja</em> <em>Bhava</em> of <em>Sandhi</em> are described on wide level. <em>Marma</em> <em>Jala</em> <em>Sanghata</em> are related to <em>Sandhi</em> but in <em>Ayurveda</em> only <em>Asthi</em> <em>Sandhi</em> has been considered. The <em>Sandhi</em> has been classified mainly on the basis of shape and movement of the joint. Functionally the <em>Sandhis</em> are of two type <em>Chestavanta</em>, <em>Sthira</em>.</p> Pooja Jadhav, Dwivedi S.K. Copyright (c) 2022 Pooja Jadhav, Dwivedi S.K. Wed, 19 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Importance of Mudras in Stree Swasthya <p>Ayurveda is the science of life. The purpose of Ayurveda is to procure a good health to accomplish <em>Chaturvidha</em> <em>Purusharthas</em> - <em>Dharma</em>, <em>Artha</em>, <em>Kama</em> and <em>Moksha</em>. Attainment of <em>Moksha</em> is the ultimate aim of Ayurveda. For the well being of society, so many things have been explained in our classics like <em>Charyatrayas</em>, <em>Traya</em> <em>Upasthambhas</em>, <em>Yoga</em>, naturopathy etc. Whereas Yoga is a science of right living and it works when integrated in our daily life. As a part of Yoga practicing <em>Mudra</em> provides physical, mental and spiritual benefits. <em>Stri</em> is compared to mother Earth as both have the quality of forbearance and procreation and <em>Swasthya</em> means health. A woman procreates and nurtures a family, in turn a society, thereby she perpetuates this universe. Hence health of a family/society/universe revolves around a woman, her health is vital to sustain the same.&nbsp; Women face 3 important phases in life i.e; menstruation, pregnancy - delivery and menopause. During these phases she may come across psychological disturbances like anxiety, depression etc. For that here are some <em>Mudra</em> techniques to get rid of all the anxiety disorders which in turn helps to maintain the <em>Stree</em> <em>Swasthya</em> and thereby health of family, society and universe.</p> Asha Karki Copyright (c) 2022 Asha Karki Wed, 19 Jan 2022 12:07:58 +0530 An Ayurvedic approach to understand Systemic Hypertension and the role of diet and lifestyle in its preventive and palliative care <p>In the present era, lifestyle induced chronic disorders occupy a major proportion of human suffering across the developing and developed nations. Among them, systemic arterial hypertension is a very commonly seen pathological entity. This disorder not only makes the afflicted people dependent on drugs life-long, if poorly managed it also leads to serious life-threatening complications like aneurysm, cerebro vascular accident, coronary artery disease, cardiac failure, renal failure, etc. While mechanisms like renin-angiotensin system have been well established for secondary hypertension, the exact underlying cause for primary hypertension is not yet conclusive and currently limited to identifying predisposing factors. To provide an effective palliative and preventive care through diet and lifestyle modifications, an Ayurvedic understanding of the pathophysiology of hypertensive condition is required. In the present study, the two important aspects of blood pressure, i.e., hydrostatic pressure and vascular stability is attributed to components of <em>Vata- Dosha </em>and therefore Systemic Hypertension is comprehended under the purview of <em>Anyonya-Avarana</em>. Here in, an effort is made to analyze the <em>Doshic</em> components, and few <em>Nidanas</em> that lead hypertensive conditions; and few suitable lifestyle modifications and regimen like <em>Abhyanga</em> and <em>Nasya</em>, which are simple yet effective, and advisable for preventive and palliative care of Systemic Hypertension, are put forth based on Ayurveda principles and textual references.</p> BS Kasturirangan, Angadi Ravindra, BN Ashok Kumar, RR Geethesh, VS Sushmitha Copyright (c) 2022 BS Kasturirangan , Angadi Ravindra, BN Ashok Kumar, RR Geethesh, VS Sushmitha Wed, 19 Jan 2022 11:58:34 +0530 Shad Rasa and their effect on the body <p>The word <em>Rasa</em> means taste, but it also has other meanings like <em>Rasa Dhatu, Parada</em>, etc. Among them, the one which is perceived through the tongue is known as <em>Rasa</em>, which is <em>Pradhana</em> <em>Rasa</em> i.e., primary taste or main taste. <em>Rasa</em> action occurs immediately after exposure to <em>Rasanendriya</em> (tongue). In Ayurveda, the benefits of any food and drink have been determined on the basis of these <em>Rasas</em>. The things in which the intensity of the <em>Rasas</em> is very high are used as medicine. The taste of food items is also decided on the basis of these <em>Rasas</em>. For example, things with <em>Madhura Rasa</em> are considered cold and those with <em>Amla</em> or <em>Lavana</em> <em>Rasas</em> are considered hot. The present study reveals that the six types of <em>Rasas</em>, determination, associated <em>Guna</em>, <em>Virya</em>, properties, benefits, disadvantages of excessive consumption, <em>Rasa</em>-<em>Mahabhuta</em> relation and <em>Rutu</em>, <em>Mahabhuta</em> and <em>Rasas</em> formation relation, <em>Rasa</em>-<em>Dosha</em>, dhatu and mala relation and some modern aspects. The further scope of study is to elaborate about consumption <em>Shad</em> <em>Rasas</em> and their effect on body.</p> Kalpesh S. Katariya, Brijesh R. Mishra Copyright (c) 2022 Kalpesh S. Katariya, Brijesh R. Mishra Wed, 19 Jan 2022 12:00:31 +0530 Role of Lashuna in Cardiovascular Health <p>Cardiovascular disease is an umbrella term it involves various forms of heart disease. Globally cardiovascular disease accounts for high mortality rate, the majority of this in the form of coronary heart disease &amp; Cerebro vascular disease. Rapid economic development and change in life style in the past few years which also increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. In Ayurveda <em>Hrudroga</em> is explained, description of it is very brief and need more clarification. Following proper diet and life style modification is very important in this condition. Acharyas explains number of <em>Dravyas</em> for the management of <em>Hrudroga</em>, among them <em>Lashuna</em> (<em>Allium sativum</em>) can be used as both preventive as well as curative purpose. So, it can be a boon in case of cardiovascular diseases. It can be used as regular food and medicine. Following proper diet and regimen also has a great impact over action of <em>Lashuna</em>, and helps in maintaining the health.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Madhuri Achary, Anju Thomas Copyright (c) 2022 Madhuri Achary, Anju Thomas Wed, 19 Jan 2022 12:10:07 +0530 Modern perspective on diet regimen w.s.r. to Ashtang Hriday <p>Ayurveda is a lifestyle science which focuses on how to lead a healthy life along with the curative aspects. <em>Aahar</em> (food) is the most important aspect of human life. Ayurveda has also described the importance of food by including it in the “<em>Trayopasthambha</em>” i.e., three important pillars of human life, which are <em>Aahar</em> (food), <em>Nidra</em> (sleep) and <em>Bramacharya</em> (Abstinence). <em>Aahar</em> decided the health status of human being. Physical and mental health, Oja, complexion, longevity and energy come from the consumed <em>Aahar</em>. Ayurveda describes various concepts regarding healthy living such as: <em>Dincharya, Ritucharya, Yogasana</em> and many concepts regarding proper diet are also described in Ayurveda such as: <em>Viruddha</em> <em>Aahar</em>, <em>Aahar</em> <em>Vidhi</em> etc. Considering importance of <em>Aahar</em>, present article deals with detailed study of <em>Aahar</em> <em>Vidhi</em> i.e., diet regimen described by <em>Aacharya</em> <em>Vagbhat</em> along with the modern take on it.</p> Nikita R. Raut, Brijesh R. Mishra Copyright (c) 2022 Nikita R. Raut, Brijesh R. Mishra Wed, 19 Jan 2022 12:11:26 +0530 A review on Moolastana of Artavavaha Srotas in Ayurveda <p><em>“Shareeram Aadhyam Khalu Dharma Sadhanam”, Shareera</em> is the media to get the <em>Chaturvida</em> <em>Purushartha</em> in the world so in <em>Ayurveda</em> gives importance to the study of <em>Shareera</em> with anatomical and physiological perspective.<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> The Knowledge of the <em>Shareera</em> is very essential and important in the field of science of life.<strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> Without basic education of <em>Shareera</em>, the physician cannot become a successful in the field of treatement and also to mentaining the healthy life. It is explained as any structural or functional construction and distruction in the body is due to <em>Srotas</em> only i.e., <em>Srotas</em> are the peculiarity of <em>Ayurvedic</em> medical science describing the system of body.<strong><sup>[3] </sup></strong><em>Srotas</em> are the systems or the part of the body system or the secreatory channel which are responsible for the secretion or the transport of the <em>Dhatu</em>. The process of transformation of <em>Dhatu</em> requires the action of <em>Agni</em>. <em>Srotorodha</em> is one of the <em>Samalakshana</em> by <em>Vagbhata</em>. <em>Srotases</em> are related to the metabolic state of their corresponding tissues through different tissues. Nutrient substances are supplied to various tissues via <em>Srotas</em>. <em>Purusha</em> is considered as the combination of <em>Srotas</em>.<strong><sup>[4]</sup></strong></p> Priyanka Hiremath, J. T. Giritammanavar, M.R. Patil Copyright (c) 2022 Priyanka Hiremath, J. T. Giritammanavar, M.R. Patil Wed, 19 Jan 2022 12:37:08 +0530 A Critical Review of Importance of Sharirsthana by Aacharya Charak <p><em>Ayurveda</em> is a traditional system of medicine originated ancient <em>Vedic</em> times of India in the ancient <em>Vedic</em> times of India. In the literature of <em>Ayurveda</em>, <em>Charak</em> <em>Samhita</em> is considered as one of the best literature and hence it has been and given the status of <em>Brihattrayi</em>. According to <em>Ayurveda</em>, <em>Dharma</em> (virtuous arts), <em>Artha</em> (wealth), <em>Kama</em> (desire) and <em>Moksha</em> (final emancipation) are four important components of health<strong><sup>.[1]</sup></strong> <em>Charak Samhita</em> stands at the top of the Indian ancient texts representing the School of Medicine in <em>Ayurveda</em>, describes not only physical and mental health, but also spiritual health. <em>Charak Samhita Sharir Sthana</em> is one of the unique <em>Sthana</em> (section), where all the aspects of health, physical, mental and Spiritual health are well explained.</p> Prajakta V. Tambolkar, Brijesh Mishra Copyright (c) 2022 Prajakta V. Tambolkar, Brijesh Mishra Wed, 19 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Role of diet and lifestyle modification in Hypertension: A complication of Childhood Obesity <p>The incidence of Childhood Obesity has increased rapidly in the last decade. National survey from 1960-1990 the prevalence has grown from 5%-11%. Physical inactivity, change in dietary habits are the most important cause for obesity.&nbsp; This leads to the various other complications such as dyslipidaemia, hypertension, abnormal glucose tolerance and reduced health-related quality of life in paediatric age group. Among the varied complications of obesity, hypertension stands first with the proportion of 24.1%. Ayurveda describes <em>Stoulya</em> as a disease which resembles the symptoms like obesity. Both obesity and hypertension can be considered under the broad spectrum of <em>Rasavahasroto Dusti.</em> The first line of antihypertensive management is weight loss in case of hypertension related with obesity among children. <em>Chikitsa</em> in Ayurveda is broadly categorized as <em>Nidana</em> <em>Parivarjana</em>, <em>Shodhana</em> and <em>Shamana </em>among the three, <em>Nidan Parivarjana</em> plays a very important role in managing obesity and it’s complication right from the beginning. <em>Nidanaparivarjana</em> includes avoidance of <em>Apathya</em> related to <em>Ahara-Vihara-Manansika Bhavas </em>and following<em> Pathyas </em>among these factors<em>.</em> The detailed view regarding this is elaborated in this research paper.</p> Pooja Bhat, Nagaratna SJ, Prithviraj Puranik, Sharashchandra, Chithralekha, Kavya Copyright (c) 2022 Pooja Bhat, Nagaratna SJ, Prithviraj Puranik, Sharashchandra, Chithralekha, Kavya Wed, 19 Jan 2022 12:40:27 +0530 Importance of Dinacharya in a routine life <p><em>Ayurveda</em> is an eternal science of life. The goal of <em>Ayurveda</em> is to maintain the health and cure of the disease. To achieve one such goal of maintaining the health, <em>Dinacharya </em>is one of the means to follow certain things like morning walk in <em>Ayurveda</em> along with these there are other different procedures include like <em>Nasya, Snana, Abhyanga, Tambula Sevan</em>. etc. <em>Ayurveda</em> has not only advised the treatment for various diseases but also its prime moto has been to prevent Someone's health. Many Dietary and Lifestyle related rules and regulations have been described in the classical texts of <em>Ayurveda</em> for the prevention of health. <em>Dinacharya</em> is the first and basic lifestyle regimen to be followed <em>Dinacharya</em> is mentioned by many <em>Ayurveda</em> <em>Acharyas.</em></p> Pratima G. Suryawanshi, Brijesh R. Mishra, Harish J. Purohit Copyright (c) 2022 Pratima G. Suryawanshi, Brijesh R. Mishra, Harish J. Purohit Wed, 19 Jan 2022 12:48:17 +0530 Mainstreaming Ayurveda medicine - Need of the hour <p>Non communicable diseases are becoming common in India and the whole world According to one survey, more than 2/3 Rd of world population are having the opinion that only modern medicine alone cannot fulfill healthcare needs of the society and there is urgent need to collaborate other systems of medicine like Ayurveda, yoga, homeopathy Unani, acupuncture, accupressure, and Chinese system of herbal medicine to give better relief to the people. In this context, there is an urgent need to mainstream Ayurveda medicine at global level. Ayurveda system of medicine is accepted as scientific and safe, cost effective and affordable also. Ayurveda is directed to maintain health in healthy individuals and cure in diceased people. By following <em>Dinacharya, Rutucharya, Sadvritta</em> and <em>Acharya</em> <em>Rasayana</em>, we can prevent the occurrence of diseases in human being. By the practice of <em>Vyadhi Pratyanika Aushadhi Prayoga, Panchkarma </em>therapy, <em>Pathyapathya Prayoga</em>, and yoga therapy are useful in the eradication and cure of the diseases. In non-communicable diseases, psychosomatic diseases, life style disorders, metabolic and endocrine disorders are becoming common in world population. These can be better managed by practice of Ayurveda and integrative medicine. So we have to bring Ayurveda to mainstream for the betterment of society.</p> Prof. Shripathi Acharya G Copyright (c) 2022 Prof. Shripathi Acharya G Wed, 19 Jan 2022 12:51:43 +0530 A literary review of an Ayurvedic dosage form : Naag Bhasma <p>All research work is totally based on literary survey, which takes place by collecting appropriate data from past, present&amp; future based knowledge to ensure the subjective importance of research work. Throughout all the procedure in the field of research work, this method reveals about historical background of the study topic, which helps to summarise the complete knowledge related to the subject. In our Ayurvedic literature the <em>Bhasma Kalpana</em> has a special branch of medicine. But in present scenario we are dealing with many complications regarding heavy metal, which is used in <em>Bhasma Kalpana</em>. One of them is <em>Naagbhasma</em> which is noticeable by its lead toxicity effect. The factual data is useful to deal with such issues. Hence to overcome the myth related to <em>Naagbhasma </em>literary review plays important role by correcting the all procedure in the part of preparation. During review, it was found that <em>Naag </em>turned into PbO during <em>Jarana</em> process which is then converted to PbS group after performing <em>Puta</em> procedure. The final product of <em>Naagbhasma</em> is in sulphide form. This review may be useful in pharmaceutical processing &amp; analysing the sample of <em>Naagbhasma</em> for achieving the standard protocol.</p> Shivani Manoj Tripathi , Ranjeet Satyawan Sawant Copyright (c) 2022 Shivani Manoj Tripathi , Ranjeet Satyawan Sawant Wed, 19 Jan 2022 12:53:58 +0530 A critical review on Krimidanta in Shalakya Tantra <p><em>Krimidanta </em>is one of the most common dental problems in today’s world. In ancient texts one could find a vast description of <em>Krimidanta, </em>it’s included mainly in <em>Dantagata Rogas</em>. Importance of <em>Krimidanta</em> can be understood by the fact that <em>Acharya Vagbhatta</em> has mentioned about <em>Krimidanta</em> in there ten <em>Dantarogas</em>,<em> Acharya Sushrutha, Acharya Bhavaprakash, Acharya Yogratnakar</em> have mentioned about <em>Krimidanta</em> in there eight <em>Dantarogas</em>, while <em>Acharya Harita</em> has mentioned about <em>Krimidanta</em> in five <em>Dantarogas</em>. On the basis of the clinical features mentioned by <em>Acharyas</em>, <em>Krimidanta</em> can be compared to dental caries. Where dental represents teeth and the word caries is derived from the latin word meanings rot or decay.<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> Dental caries is irreversible microbial disease of the calcified tissues of the teeth, leading to destruction of dentine, enamel and cementum, and ultimately tooth decay.<strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> Dental caries can occur throughout life, both in primary and permanent dentitions, and can damage the tooth crown and in later life expose tooth surfaces. Modern science has provided many remedies for the treatment of dental caries or <em>Krimidanta </em>but besides been expensive these remedies cause harmful effects which are better termed as side effects. Scientific researches confirm it, as according to a recent research<em>, </em>daily use of fluoride tooth paste is seen as the main reason for the overall decline of dental caries worldwide over recent decades.<strong><sup>[3]</sup></strong> Thus <em>Ayurvedic</em> line of treatment becomes the mode of choice in case of <em>Krimidanta</em> as the treatment is natural and there is no recurrence.</p> Rounak Munshi Copyright (c) 2022 Rounak Munshi Wed, 19 Jan 2022 12:55:30 +0530 Conceptual Review on Gridhrasi (sciatica) <p>Now a day’s most common disorder which effects the movements of leg particular in middle age is low backache pain which effects daily routine work. <em>Gridhrasi</em> is one among <em>Vataja Nanatmaja Vyadhi</em>. It is pain dominant lifestyle disorder in which the pain starts from <em>Sphik</em> <em>Pradesh</em> &amp; radiates down to foot, here piercing type of pain which restricts the movement of the affected leg, make his walking pattern-like bird vulture and put him in disgraceful condition. On the basis of the symptoms sciatica can be correlated with <em>Gridhrasi </em>in <em>Ayurveda</em>. About 80–90% of people get affected by low back pain and 5% of those become victims of sciatica. It is common between 30-40 yrs. of age &amp; affects both the sex. It is a pain dominant disease and reduces human activity in terms of personal as well as social and professional life. <em>Ayurveda</em> categorized <em>Gridhrasi </em>as one of diseases caused by vitiation of <em>Vata</em> which is responsible for the movement and functions of the body, even <em>Kapha</em> vitiation along with <em>Vata</em> also causes <em>Vata-Kaphaja Gridhrasi</em>. As far as treatment of the disease sciatica is concerned, use of analgesics and physiotherapy will help to certain extent but are not the ultimate cure. Surgery is moreover expensive, and again there are chances of recurrence as well. Ayurveda gives better options in the management of this painful disorder.</p> Priyanka K, Savita Sajjan Copyright (c) 2022 Priyanka K, Savita Sajjan Wed, 19 Jan 2022 12:57:32 +0530 Critical analysis on concept of Rakta <p><em>Ayurveda</em> explains <em>Dosha Dhatu</em> and <em>Mala</em> are the basic structures of our body. <em>Vata, Pitta</em> and <em>Kapha</em> are <em>Tridoshas</em>. <em>Rasa, Rakta</em> etc are the 7 <em>Dhatus</em>. <em>Doshas</em> are responsible for <em>Prakruta</em> and <em>Vaikruta</em> functions of the body. <em>Dhatus</em> are nourished by <em>Saara</em> portion of <em>Ahara</em>. <em>Dharana</em> is the major function of <em>Dhatu</em>. <em>Rakta</em> is produced <em>Rasa</em> in <em>Raktavaha Srotas</em> by the action of <em>Rakta</em> <em>Dhatwagni</em>. The main function of <em>Rakta</em> is <em>Jeevana Karma</em>. In our classics we will find many of references regarding <em>Rakta</em> as a <em>Dhatu</em>. <em>Dhatu</em> is the one which gives origin to <em>Upadhatu</em>. Some have considered <em>Rakta</em> as <em>Dosha</em> because of its major role in sustaining the body.&nbsp;</p> Manjunatha B. Sunagar, Pratibha Kulkarni, Shantha Basavaraj Sunagar Copyright (c) 2022 Manjunatha B. Sunagar, Pratibha Kulkarni, Shantha Basavaraj Sunagar Wed, 19 Jan 2022 12:59:32 +0530 Anatomical Study of Medovha Srotas w.s.r. to their Mool Sthan <p>The <em>Moolasthan</em> or source is so considered that without which origin maintenance and destruction of that specific carrier of the body nutrient cannot be possible and the place which controls the entire functional dealing and processes of that specific carrier. Therefore, <em>Moola</em> of specific <em>Srotas</em> is responsible for both anabolic and catabolic process of that specific <em>Dhatu</em>. <em>Acharya Charaka</em> has mentioned <em>Vrikka</em> &amp; <em>Vapavhan</em> while <em>Acharya Susruta</em> has mentioned <em>Vrikka</em> and<em> Kati</em> <em>Moolasthan</em> of <em>Medovaha Srotas.</em> No controversy found in <em>Vrikka</em> as a <em>Moolsthan </em>but <em>Vapavahan </em>as greater Omentum and <em>Kati</em> as substantial amount of fat is found around the lumber region. <em>Srotas</em> are the system that carry or circulate the <em>Doshas </em>and <em>Dhatus</em> or their elements to the various organs.</p> Jadhav Pooja, Thakur Vajrapratap Singh Copyright (c) 2022 Jadhav Pooja, Thakur Vajrapratap Singh Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:00:39 +0530 Anatomical consideration of painless Dant (teeth) extraction - Literary Review <p>Dentistry, since ancient ages, is a medical science focused on the principles of oral hygiene. Amongst other dental procedures, tooth extraction is always of great challenge in itself because of its complexity and risks involved during or post operative period. In lack of development of anesthesia, ancient physicians practiced the tooth extraction using skills or <em>Jalandhar Bandha</em> without causing pain or any complications. In today’s world also these painless techniques involving no usage of drugs can be boon for patients having idiosyncratic response and hypersensitive reactions towards various anesthetic drugs. In ancient times, painless tooth extraction technique was implemented but being traditional, and the knowledge is not being properly channeled leading to its extinction. Though in different texts, oral hygiene and dentistry is studied but it is scattered. Hence, comprehensive literary study of physiological and clinical aspects of dentistry from Ayurvedic texts can act as base for routine clinical implementation of dental care in Ayurveda. Also, scientific workout behind tooth extraction without the use of any anesthetic drugs is the need of the time.</p> Gupta Kanika Copyright (c) 2022 Gupta Kanika Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:01:54 +0530 A review on ocular manifestations in Covid-19 and an Ayurvedic overview <p>COVID-19 has become a global pandemic from December 2019 resulting in 3.8 million deaths worldwide. The extra pulmonary manifestations of the virus are unpredictable and varied. The ocular manifestations like conjunctivitis, keratitis, uveitis etc. were observed in the patients during the course of the disease, which is being reviewed and summarized in this article. Here an effort is made to collect all the possible data regarding the ocular presentation of COVID-19 and an overview of the disease through <em>Ayurveda</em>.</p> Athira Rosh, Veena Shekar Copyright (c) 2022 Athira Rosh, Veena Shekar Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:13:48 +0530 A review on Chaturvidha Rasayana <p>The <em>Rasashaastra</em> literally means the “Science of Mercury”. It is a specialized branch of <em>Ayurveda</em> mainly delaying&nbsp; with materials which are known as <em>‘Rasa Dravyas’</em>. Generally, these <em>Dravyas</em> are classified in to four different classes named - <em>Rasa, Dhaatu, Ratna</em> and <em>Visha</em>. The class of <em>‘Rasa’</em> is predominantly possessing <em>Rasaayana. Rasa Kalpas</em> popular because of lesser dosage and quickness in action. <em>Rasaoushdhis</em> are mercurial compound. Specific qualities of <em>Rasaoushadhi</em> are the various substances are used in formulation they are converted in to micro size. Due to metal, mineral presence in formulations they are more efficacious and quick acting in small dose. <em>Rasaoushdhi </em>show their therapeutic and <em>Rasayana</em> efficacy. Shelf life of <em>Rasaoushdhi</em> is more. <em>Rasaoushdhi</em> when used internally in accurate dosage and regime have proved effective in curing many diseases condition and help to promoting life and health. <em>Rasaoushdhis</em> are also improve immunity and prevent onset of disease.</p> Divyanee Mahendra Bamane, Suvarna P. Nidgundi, M. V. Sobagin Copyright (c) 2022 Divyanee Mahendra Bamane, Suvarna P. Nidgundi, M. V. Sobagin Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:15:17 +0530 Clinico-anatomy of cervical and lumbar vertebra and its disease and management <p>The nervous system is the&nbsp;part of an animal's body that coordinates its behavior and transmits signals between different body areas. In vertebrates it consists of two main parts, called the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS). The CNS contains the brain and spinal cord. The Main contents of CNS are Brain and Spinal cord. The spinal cord is a long bundle of nerves and cells that extends from the lower portion of the brain to the lower back. It carries signals between the brain and the rest of the body. in <em>Ayurveda</em> nervous system is correlated with <em>Uttamangiya Sharir </em>that control the all-sense organ activities. Any injury to spinal cord produce diseases, main cervical and lumbar region</p> Shradhha Sharma, Swatantra Kumar Chourasia, Arvind Kumar Yadav, Arti Gond, Mohini Gupta Copyright (c) 2022 Shradhha Sharma, Swatantra Kumar Chourasia, Arvind Kumar Yadav, Arti Gond, Mohini Gupta Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:16:38 +0530 Nidranash (insomnia) and its Ayurvedic management review <p><em>Aahar</em> (food), <em>Nidra</em> (sleep), and <em>Bramhacharya</em> (celibacy) are three pillars of life (<em>Tristambha</em>), <em>Nidra</em> (Sleep) is one of them. It is a state that replenishes our energy reserves that we deplete in our daily routine. Happiness, good health, nourishment/ Emaciation, mental and physical wellbeing depends on <em>Nidra</em>. People that don’t get enough sleep experience many health issues. Hence sleep is essential part of life. <em>Nidranash</em> can be a sign of today’s modern lifestyles, anxiety disorders, stress, pathological and psychological conditions. It can cause predominance of <em>Vata</em> and <em>Kapha Kshaya</em>. <em>Panchkarma</em> procedure, Yoga, meditation, diet plans, healthy regimen can help in <em>Nidranash</em>.</p> Snehal Rathod, Brijesh Mishra Copyright (c) 2022 Snehal Rathod, Brijesh Mishra Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:18:04 +0530 A review on Swarnamakshika Marana <p><em>Swarnamakshika </em>(Chalcopyrite) is a combination of copper, iron and sulphur. It is an ore of copper. In <em>Rasashastra, Swarnamakshika</em> is grouped under <em>Maharasa</em> and <em>Upadhatu </em>by <em>Acharyas</em>. <em>Brihattrayis</em> mentioned <em>Swarnamakshika</em> in some of the compound formulation. Later on, this drug is widely mentioned by almost all <em>Granthas</em> of <em>Ayurveda</em>. <em>Marana</em> is a process of subjecting the metallic and mineral drugs for different pharmaceutical procedures to obtain them in the form of <em>Bhasma.</em> <em>Acharyas</em> explained various <em>Marana </em>procedures to prepare <em>Swarnamakshika bhasma </em>for the treatment of various ailments such as <em>Jwara, Prameha, Pandu, Anidra, Apasmara </em>etc<em>.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Siji KT, Sruthi PV, Deepna PP, Gauthaman M Copyright (c) 2022 Siji KT, Sruthi PV, Deepna PP, Gauthaman M Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:19:25 +0530 A critical review on Tarkshya Agada <p><strong>Background: </strong><em>Agadatantra</em> is one of the branches of <em>Ashtanga Ayurveda</em>, that consist of the science of poison (toxicology), which deals with different poisoning conditions, diagnosis, and treatment. Among all <em>Vishas, Sarpavisha</em> is most significant as it is the condition that needs emergency management. There are many <em>Agada</em> <em>Yogas </em>(anti-poisonous formulations) that are helpful in <em>Sarpavisha</em> <em>Chikitsa</em> mentioned by <em>Ayurvedic Acharyas. Tarkshya Agada</em> is one of the <em>Agada</em> <em>Yogas</em> mentioned by <em>Acharya Susrutha</em> in <em>Susrutha Samhita</em> and <em>Acharya Vridda Vagbhata</em> in <em>Ashtanga Sangraha</em>. <strong>Materials and Method:</strong> The comprehensive review of <em>Tarkshya Agada</em> formulation is done from literatures such as <em>Susrutha Samhita</em> and <em>Ashtanga</em> <em>Sangraha</em>, by emphasizing its properties and action. <strong>Observation and results</strong>: <em>Tarkshya Agada</em> explained by <em>Acharya</em> <em>Susrutha</em> has contains twenty-four drugs, and <em>Acharya Vridda Vagbhata</em> comprises twenty-five drugs, almost containing the same drugs whereas <em>Acharya</em> <em>Susrutsa</em> mentioned <em>Balaka </em>and <em>Chandana</em>, <em>Acharya</em> <em>Vridda</em> <em>Vagbhata</em> mentioned <em>Shunti,</em> <em>Padmaka</em> and <em>Sita</em> different drugs, all of which have <em>Vishahara</em> and <em>Shothohara</em> properties and can be used in the treatment of <em>Sarpavisha. </em><strong>Conclusion: </strong><em>Tarkshya Agada</em> mentioned by <em>Acharya Susrutha</em> and <em>Acharya Vridda Vagbhata </em>in<em> Sarpavisha Chikitsa </em>may be found to be one of the effective anti-poisonous formulations which should be tried for experimental and clinical trials <em>in Sarpavisha Chikitsa.</em></p> Tejashwini M Rajanal, Ravikrishna S, Neeraj A K, Chaithra Hebbar Copyright (c) 2022 Tejashwini M Rajanal, Ravikrishna S, Neeraj A K, Chaithra Hebbar Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:27:21 +0530 Role of Jalaukavacharana as emergency treatment of Visarap w.s.r to Herpes Zoster - A Case Study <p>Herpes zoster is an acute viral disease characterised by a painful skin rash along with blisters involving a limited area, which remain for 10 to 12 days. It is caused due to reactivation of Varicella zoster virus (VZV) within patient’s body. Risk factors for Herpes zoster include old age, poor immune system, and patients receiving biologic agents (tumour necrosis factor inhibitors.) The administration of best antiviral drugs or steroids or NSAIDS does temporary suppression of pain, not much relief in burning sensation. And as a result of very low immunity chances of further complications like post hepatic neuralgia are there. Signs and symptoms of herpes zoster are very much similar with <em>Agni</em> <em>Visarap</em>, as it spreads in very fast manner, hence defined as <em>Visarp.</em> <em>Acharya</em> <em>Charak</em> has directly defined <em>Raktmokshan</em> in <em>Chikitsa</em> of <em>Visarp</em> especially when <em>Pitta</em> <em>Dosha</em> is aggravated. Here, a single case study of a 39 years old male is being presented, who came with complaints of acute vesicular eruptions along with severe burning sensation, pain and mild fever. Previously, patient had taken treatment for <em>Vicharchika</em> from our hospital and had great relief in it, so instead of going for allopathic treatment, he directly came to our hospital for treatment. The lesions consist of grouped, tense vesicles distributed along dermatome on chest area, shoulder and scapular region on the right side, along with pus formation in them. On palpation lymph nodes of axillary region were found tender and swollen. As an emergency treatment immediately, <em>Jalaukavacharan </em>was done and along with that <em>Shaman</em> medicine was given to the patient. Consecutively 2 sittings of <em>Jalaukavacharan</em> were done at an interval of 5 days. Assessment of the treatment was done by improvement in signs and symptoms. On1<sup>st</sup> sitting 4 <em>Jalokas</em> were applied on the affected region and immediately improvement in pain and burning sensation was found. After 2<sup>nd</sup> sitting there was complete relief in pain, and burning sensation. <em>Shaman</em> medicine was continued for 15 days. Lesions of Herpes Zoster were found completely crusted and healed within 2 weeks. Although patient had low immunity from such a long time but during follow up no post herpatic neuralgia was found. The detailed description is given in the full paper.</p> Hetal Ramani, Dhaval Movaliya Copyright (c) 2022 Hetal Ramani , Dhaval Movaliya Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:30:43 +0530 A Case Report on management of Grahani with special reference to Ulcerative Colitis <p>Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a disease with unknown specific cause, a chronic inflammatory disease of mucosa and sub mucosa of colonic wall. Several theories have been put forward of which the main ones are infective, nutritional, psychosomatic and immunological. Ulcerative colitis can be divided into three forms according to its clinical features. These are: (i) Chronic and continuous; (ii) Chronic-relapsing-remitting and (iii) Acute fulminant. The onset of the disease is usually highest in the third decade, though second and fourth decades are often involved. A slight female predominance has been reported. The first symptom is watery diarrhoea. Abdominal pain is the next symptom and rectal discharge of mucus, sometimes blood and sometime pus is not uncommon. In Allopathic medical science, no significant treatment is there for UC. Corticosteroid, anti-diarrhoeal agents etc. are used which results in other complications too. Hence there is a need for better management of the condition. Here a case of 21yrs old male, n/k/c/o DM or HTN has been discussed who presented with c/o mucous discharge and occasionally pus discharge from Anum and loose stools since 1year, diagnosed with ulcerative colitis. The condition can be considered as <em>Grahani</em> and <em>Basti</em> treatment was being followed with <em>Pittahara</em> internal medication.</p> M.R. Poornima, Sarika A. K, Gadilinga, Srinivas Masalekar, Ananta S Desai Copyright (c) 2022 M.R. Poornima, Sarika A. K, Gadilinga, Srinivas Masalekar, Ananta S Desai Sat, 08 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0530 The Effect of Marma therapy in Tennis elbow with special reference to Pain - A Single Case Study <p>Lateral epicondylitis also known as Tennis elbow is a very common condition in middle aged patient which presents with pain and tenderness around the common extensor origin of the elbow. The diagnosis is usually clinical.1 to 3% of adult population in each year affects with tennis elbow and it is more common in the dominant arm. It is generally regarded as an overuse injury involving repeated wrist extension against resistance although it can occur as an acute injury (Trauma to the lateral elbow). Most patients are well managed with conservative treatment and activity modification. Many surgical techniques have been proposed for patients with refractory symptoms. New non operative treatment alternatives with promising results have been developed in recent years. <em>Marma </em>science is one of the most important hidden treasures of ancient India. <em>Marmas</em> are well mentioned In Veda and Ayurveda.<em> Sushruta</em> has given the great importance to<em> Marmas</em> as he mentioned it covers half of subject of the surgery. <em>Marmas</em> are situated at <em>Sira, Snayu, Asthi</em> and<em> Sandhi</em>. Trauma to these <em>Marmas </em>can cause severe pain, disability and death also. <em>Marma</em> therapy is a pressure given to these various specific points of body i.e., <em>Marma</em> points for stimulation purpose. <em>Marma</em> therapy has a profound effect on nerves, joints, arteries and muscles. The purpose of <em>Marma Chikista</em> is to stimulate various organs and systems of the body. Hence in this study a clinically diagnosed OPD patient of Tennis elbow is treated with<em> Marma Chikista</em> for 7 days provided considerable relief of pain.</p> Madhuri Vitthalrao Bhandare, Sagar Raghnunath Mhatre Copyright (c) 2022 Madhuri Vitthalrao Bhandare, Sagar Raghnunath Mhatre Sat, 08 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Case study on Vata Kaphoulavana Pitta Hina Sannipataj Jwara w.s.r. to Covid-19 Symptomatology <pre style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%;"><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">Covid-19 is a big Pandemic disease nowadays which affected more and more people in second wave. People got affected from cities to villages. In India, the number of people affected daily in the month of April-May 2021 was 4 lakhs above and death was also around 4 thousand. At this crisis, there was a shortage in medical facilities everywhere and people were getting troubled, then apart from our hospital duty, we also did medical consultation and treat by the <em>Ayurvedic</em> drugs to help the people and gave medical benefits to suffered people. <em>Ayurvedic</em> treatment result was very impressive in few days and significantly maintained the inflammatory changes and covid like symptoms. Keeping in the mind the infection of new variant of COVID-19. The purpose of this article is highlighting the quick result of <em>Ayurveda</em> treatment.</span></pre> Shubham Tripathi, Rajesh Uikey Copyright (c) 2022 Shubham Tripathi, Rajesh Uikey Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:40:15 +0530 Role of Virechana Karma and Shamana Chikitsa in Ek Kustha w.s.r. to Psoriasis - A Case Report <p><em>Ek</em> <em>Kustha</em> is a type of <em>Kshudra Kustha</em> occurring mainly due to the imbalance of <em>Vata </em>and <em>Kapha Doshas</em>. A case of Psoriasis was admitted, Patient complained of Severe Itching, Dry Scales and red patches over arms, legs, back and abdomen. <em>Sanshodhan</em> (<em>Virechana</em>) and then <em>Shaman Chikitsa</em> was given. Patient was having complaints for 7 to 8 years which shows its chronicity; hence <em>Sanshodhan</em> (<em>Virechana</em>) was given to patient to remove <em>Doshas</em> from body. In Modern medicine, Corticosteroids and PUVA is the only treatment for Psoriasis due to which relapse occurs hence a good Ayurvedic management for Psoriasis is the need for study.</p> Vajrapratap Singh Thakur, Pooja Jadhav Copyright (c) 2022 Vajrapratap Singh Thakur, Pooja Jadhav Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:42:09 +0530 Successful management of Cervical Erosion through Kshara Karma - A Case Report <p>Cervical erosion is a common gynecological condition seen in OPD.&nbsp; About 85% of woman suffers from cervical erosion which is a benign condition of female genital tract during Reproductive life time.&nbsp; Though it’s not a fatal one yet the long term association with the disease and the number of symptoms both related to genito-urinary system as well as psychological imbalance in patient needs attention. The complications encountered by diathermy, cauterization, laser therapy, etc like local operations on the cervix causes menstrual disturbances, reactionary hemorrhages, cervical stenosis, sepsis, perforation of cervix, troublesome vaginal discharge and effect on subsequent pregnancy and child birth.</p> <p>Cervical erosion can be considered as <em>Gabhashayagrivagata Vrana</em>, as it shows the features of <em>Vrana</em>.&nbsp; By considering the <em>Lakshana </em>and <em>Chikitsa</em> of <em>Karnini Yonivyapath, Kshara Karma</em> having better result in treating Cervical Erosion.</p> Nanda KO, Usha DT, Sankanagoud Patil Copyright (c) 2022 Nanda KO, Usha DT, Sankanagoud Patil Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:44:19 +0530 Effect of Jalaukavacharna in Raktaja Arsha - A Case Study <p><em>Arsha</em> is one of the commonest diseases of ano rectal region encounter to day today practice. One among <em>Astamahagada </em>which occurs in <em>Gudabhaga</em> a <em>Marmasthana</em> and well known for its chronicity complication and difficult for treatment. <em>Aacharya Sushruta</em> have mentioned fourfold therapeutics procedure, such as <em>Aushada, Kshara</em>, <em>Agni</em> and <em>Shastra.</em> A case study 40 years female patient presented mass at anal verge associated with pain, discomfort and constipation since 3 days and was diagnosed to have Thrombosed pile, these symptoms can be compared to <em>Raktaja Arsha</em>. Leech application along with <em>Triphala Churna</em> <em>Avagaha </em>and internally <em>Triphala Guggulu</em> has significant role in controlling inflammation and resolution of thrombosis.</p> Sunita Chaukimat, Pallavi Hegde Copyright (c) 2022 Sunita Chaukimat, Pallavi Hegde Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:47:09 +0530 Role of Ayurvedic interventions in treating Artava Kshaya associated with hypothyroidism - A Case Report <p><em>Artava Kshaya</em> is one of the common menstrual disorders which is caused due to sedentary lifestyle, faulty food habits and changes in physical and mental state. According to <em>Acarya Sushrutha</em>, menstruation that does not appear in appropriate time or delayed menses along with pain in yoni is termed as <em>Artava Kshaya.</em> In contemporary science Oligohypomenorrhoea shows similar clinical presentation and its incidence rate is 22.5%. Oligohypomenorrhoea as a symptom can be seen in other condition like hypothyroidism. The prevalence of hypothyroidism leading to oligohypomenorrhoea is 5 to 6%. Hypothyroidism also causes irregular menstrual cycle along with weight gain and several other complications. A 33-year-old female with irregular menstruation since 4 years having weight gain with raised level of TSH was treated with <em>Ayurvedic</em> procedure and formulations. The <em>Artava Kshaya</em> and Hypothyroidism was treated by <em>Shodhana </em>and <em>Shamana Aushadis</em>. The assessment was done after every menstrual cycle and the patient showed marked improvement.</p> Yashaswini S, Papiya Jana Copyright (c) 2022 Yashaswini S, Papiya Jana Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:52:44 +0530 An Ayurvedic protocol for the management of Post Covid-19 Hairfall w.s.r Telogen Effluvium - A Single Case Study <p>Hair loss can be caused by genetics, age, hormonal imbalances, other health conditions,&nbsp;medication&nbsp;and, of course,&nbsp;stress. Whenever any person experiences severe infection, hair fall is not an unusual after-effect.&nbsp;An overwhelming number of people are reporting severe hair fall post Covid infection. Covid or any viral illness/ fever forces more hair into the shedding phase due to the inflammation and stress in the body, which is called Telogen effluvium. Covid-19 being a new disease, we did not expect to find an exactly matching description in the classical ayurvedic texts. Hair fall has been described in Ayurveda by the name of <em>Khalitya Roga</em> under the heading of <em>Kshudra</em> <em>Roga</em> (minor disease) or <em>Shiroroga </em>(diseases of head &amp; scalp). Routinely the management of hair fall is aimed at stopping the hair loss and promoting the new hair growth. Here in this case study, patient had already undergone the treatment for Covid-19 including the steroids. So further use of modern medicines can result in gastric irritation and drug dependency which can trigger the hair fall again. In Ayurveda, we have a wide array of natural remedies which can be used in <em>Khalitya</em>. In present case study the patient of <em>khalitya wa</em>s treated with <em>Amapachana, Virechana</em>, <em>Nasya Karma </em>and <em>Shaman Chikitsa. Nasya Karma </em>(Errhine Therapy) is considered as the best therapeutic intervention in <em>Shiro Roga </em>by <em>Acharya Charaka</em>. This patient has been treated and assessment was done. Follow up was done after 3 months and the relief was considerable.</p> Anu P V, Syed Munawar Pasha Copyright (c) 2022 Anu P V, Syed Munawar Pasha Wed, 19 Jan 2022 13:55:26 +0530 An Ayurvedic approach in the management of Watershed Stroke - A Case Report <p>Stroke is an acute onset of neurological dysfunction due to an abnormality in cerebral circulation with resultant signs and symptoms that correspond to involvement of focal areas of the brain and is commonly seen in elderly. However, the most common causes are thrombus, embolus and haemorrhage. Cerebraovascular Accident (CVA) is the third most common cause of death in high income countries after cancer and Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD), and the most common cause of severe physical disability.<strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> Watershed stroke are a concern because they comprise approximately 10% of all ischemic stroke cases.<strong><sup>[3]</sup></strong> Among the stroke survivors, almost 50% will experience some disability. The main goals of therapy are to minimize brain damage and there by minimize neurologic deficit and disability and to improve the quality of life after the manifestation of stroke. Here is a case study of Watershed stroke, A 61 years old male patient presented with weakness of all four limbs and stiffness since 1 ½ years, associated with Slurred speech, which was treated under Ayurveda principles. As per Ayurvedic Classics, this condition can be paralleled with <em>Sarvanga Roga</em>. This is explained in the context of <em>Pakshaghata</em>. Loss of function of half of the body with or without facial involvement is called as <em>Pakshaghata</em> or <em>Ekanga Roga</em>. If the same affects both halves of the body i.e., all 4 limbs, is called as <em>Sarvanga Roga</em>. In this case, there is <em>Raktamarga Avarodha in Shiras</em> by <em>Kapha</em> resulting in <em>Vatavriddhi</em> and <em>Dhatukshaya</em>. So <em>Kaphahara </em>followed by<em> Vatahara, Bahirparimarjana Chikitsa</em> like <em>Sarvanga</em> <em>Dhanyamla Seka</em>, <em>Sarvanga Taila Seka</em> and <em>Sarvanga Shashtikashali Pinda Sweda</em> were adopted which does <em>Kaphahara, Vatahara </em>and <em>Brimhana</em> respectively. Along with these treatments <em>Kala Basti </em>and <em>Shamanaushadhis </em>were administered and has proved beneficial.</p> Veena G Rao, R. Jayaraj, Ashwini A. Sangolli Copyright (c) 2022 Veena G Rao, R. Jayaraj, Ashwini A. Sangolli Wed, 19 Jan 2022 14:18:35 +0530 A role of Agnikarma in the management of Vatkantak w.s.r. Planter Fasitis - A Single Case Study <p><em>Vatakantaka</em> (Planter Fasciitis) is a common cause of heel pain which is caused due to vitiation of <em>Vata. Vata</em> is vitiated due to walking on irregular or uneven surface, excessive strain on heels and get accumulated in (Ankle joint) and causes pain as if pricked by a thorn. Hence it termed as <em>Vatakantaka</em> (Plantar Fasciitis). Plantar Fasciitis is caused due to silent and repeated injury resulting in inflammation of the plantar fascia which results in the painful heel. <em>Aacharya Sushruta</em> has mentioned different treatment measures for management of its. One amongst them and it was used in this case study, to assess its efficacy in relieving pain. 51 years old female complaining of pain in the right heel, tenderness and pain during walking was treated with 3 successive sittings of along with for 21 days. In and was given. After treatment, symptoms of patient were relieved and she was able to walk without pain.</p> Hetal Ramani, Dhaval Movaliya, Girish Damor Copyright (c) 2022 Hetal Ramani, Dhaval Movaliya, Girish Damor Wed, 19 Jan 2022 14:03:54 +0530 Patradana in Dagdha Vrana - A Case Study <p><em>Dagdhavrana</em> (Burn) is a wound in which there is coagulative necrosis of the tissue. Among <em>Chaturvidha</em> <em>Agnidagdham</em> <em>Durdagdha</em> (Second Degree Burn) presents with <em>Lakshanasa</em> (clinical features) as <em>Uthistha</em> (Elevation), <em>Sphota</em> (Blister formation), <em>Thivrachosha</em> (Excessive Sucking Pain), <em>Daha</em> (Burning Sensation), <em>Raaga</em> (Redness), <em>Paka</em> (Inflammation), <em>Vedana</em> (Pain) and <em>Chira</em> <em>Upashamyanti</em> (takes long time to subside). <em>Chikitsa </em>(Treatment) for <em>Durdagdha </em>(Second Degree Burn) is application of <em>Sheeta</em> (Cold) and <em>Ushna</em> (Hot) medicaments, application of <em>Ghruta</em> (Ghee) and <em>Sheka </em>(Sprinkling) with <em>Sheetala</em> <em>Dravya </em>(Cold Medicaments). As <em>Sheetaupachara</em>, <em>Dahasamana</em> and <em>Vrana</em> <em>Roopaka</em>, application of <em>Shatdoutha</em> <em>Ghruta</em> is done followed by <em>Eranda</em> <em>Patradana</em>. <em>Eranda</em> acts as <em>Pittasamaka</em>, <em>Soola</em> <em>Prasamana</em> and <em>Shophahara</em>. Hence present study is undertaken to evaluate the analgesic, antiinflammatory, wound healing effect on <em>Dagdhavrana</em> as an external medicament.</p> Kavyashree Kodekalmath, P. A. Hegde Copyright (c) 2022 Kavyashree Kodekalmath, P. A. Hegde Wed, 19 Jan 2022 14:05:36 +0530 Lateral Fissure-In-Ano - A Case Study <p>The word <em>Parikartika</em> comprises of two words, <em>Pari</em> (around) and <em>Karthika</em> (cutting pain), <em>Kartanaavat</em> <em>Peeda</em> is the main symptoms of <em>Parikartika</em>. <em>Acharya’s</em> have explained it as a one among the <em>Vamana</em>, <em>Virechana</em> and <em>Bastivyapata</em>. It can be equated with Fissure-In-Ano based on signs and symptoms. About 30-40% of population suffers from proctologic pathologies at least once in their lives, and anal fissure comprises of 10-15%. A 38 years male patient, who was businessman by profession came to <em>Shalyatantra</em> OPD with complaints of Pain at anal region with burning sensation after defecation since 20 days, bleeding during defecation since 20 days, feeling of mass per anal region since 20 days, hard stool since 25 days. In <em>Chikitsa</em> of <em>Parikartika</em>, Acharya’s have mentioned <em>Madhura</em>, <em>Kashaya</em> <em>Rasa</em> <em>Sneha Yukta Dravyas</em> in the form of <em>Piccha</em> <em>Basti</em>, <em>Anuvasana</em> <em>Basti, Pichu, Varti</em> and <em>Lepa</em> which pacifies <em>Vata</em> and <em>Pitta</em> <em>Dosha’s</em>. Hence present case study is planned with above said principle.</p> Jha Shailesh Arunkumar, Pallavi A. Hegde, M. M. Salimath Copyright (c) 2022 Jha Shailesh Arunkumar, Pallavi A. Hegde, M. M. Salimath Sat, 08 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0530 Bifid Xiphoid Process - A Cadaveric study <p>The xiphoid process is a small bony feature of the anterior thoracic wall just inferior to the sternum corpus. Although the xiphoid process is commonly represented as a straight, fully ossified bone in educational textbooks, reports of anomalous processes flood the literature. The xiphoid process can be broad, thin, monofid, bifid, trifid, curved, or deflected&nbsp;and contain foramina. Variations can be mistaken for epigastric masses. Herein, we report an extremely unusual bifid xiphoid process that is deflected anteriorly. This case is discussed in the context of the misdiagnosis of xiphoid process variations&nbsp;and its importance to the clinician.</p> Rahul Kumar Gupta Copyright (c) 2022 Rahul Kumar Gupta Wed, 19 Jan 2022 14:12:23 +0530