Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences 2022-06-27T19:39:21+00:00 Dr. Umapati C. Baragi Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Online ISSN :</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2456-3110</a></p> <p><strong>DOI Prefix :</strong> 10.21760/jaims.</p> <p><strong>Frequency :</strong> Monthly</p> <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) – An International Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Monthly Journal for Researches in AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), is published monthly by Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization. The full text of this journal is accessible on website <a href=""></a></p> <p>The ‘JAIMS’ Journal aims to publish the scientific and research outcomes with a view to inform and share the scientific findings, advice, risk assessment conclusions and recommendations for further research in the areas within the limits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy). It also aims to increase the visibility and awareness of AYUSH’s scientific work worldwide.</p> <p>As an Integrated medical journal for Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy, Medicinal Plants Sciences, Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, etc., ‘JAIMS’ aims to explore the alternative system of medicines, encouraging significant collaboration to promote effective, safe and economical global health.</p> <p>The JAIMS journal will consider any original contribution that advances medical science or practice, or that educates the journal's readers. Manuscripts must be solely the work of the author(s) stated, must not have been previously or partially published elsewhere, and must not be under consideration by another journal. All manuscripts contributed to JAIMS are examined by the editorial staff and all original articles are evaluated by peer reviewers assigned by the editors.</p> A clinical study to assess the efficacy of Manjistadi Kshara Basti in the management of Vatarakta w.s.r. to Peripheral Vascular Disease 2022-06-27T19:39:08+00:00 Padmakiran C Niranjan Rao <p>Among the diseases which may not be life threatening but hampers the quality of life, peripheral vascular diseases are one. Present lifestyle, food, stress, occupations are predisposing factors. <em>Vatarakta,</em> a set of clinical manifestations develop due to the same reasons where there is involvement of <em>Vata, Rakra</em> with or without <em>Avarana</em>. In such conditions, a <em>Basti</em> formulated in the form of <em>Kaphaghna Basti</em> with drugs acting on <em>Vatarakta</em> like <em>Laghu Manjistadi Kashaya</em> is the best choice. With this thought, a single blind clinical study with pre and post test design was conducted on 30 patients who were treated with three <em>Manjistadi Kshara Basti</em> (600ml) on 2<sup>nd</sup>, 4<sup>th</sup> and 6<sup>th</sup> day in the morning, empty stomach with five <em>Matra Basti</em> with <em>Dashamoola Taila</em> (35ml) on 1<sup>st</sup>, 3<sup>rd</sup>, 5<sup>th</sup>, 7<sup>th</sup> and 8<sup>th</sup> day in the afternoon, immediately after food. Patient were evaluated based on lipid profile, ANA, serum cytokine, Doppler study before and after (after 30 days of follow up) the study. The study showed statistically significant improvement in pain, swelling and discolouration. There was no significant improvement in all other parameters selected for the study.</p> 2022-06-27T17:10:15+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Padmakiran C, Niranjan Rao An observational study to evaluate the efficacy of Saha Ashwagandhadi Taila Nasya and Balashatavaryadi Ghrita Tarpana in Prathama Patalagata Timira with special reference to Simple Myopia 2022-06-27T19:39:08+00:00 Sabarinath MK S M Pasha <p><strong>Introduction: </strong><em>Prathama Patalagata Timira</em> is one of the stages of <em>Timira</em> which is a <em>Drishtigata Roga</em> and can be correlated to Simple Myopia with the characteristic symptom of blurred vision for distant objects. This disease is said to be physiological and become the major health concern. It is the common cause of ocular morbidity that may ultimately lead to blindness as explained by <em>Vagbhatacharya</em>.<strong> Objectives:</strong> The objectives of the study are to evaluate efficacy of <em>Nasya</em> and <em>Tarpana</em> in relieving Myopia &amp; Asthenopic symptoms such as head ache, eye strain, watering of the eyes.<strong> Methods: </strong>30 patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria of simple myopia were randomly selected. <em>Nasya</em> with <em>Saha Ashwagandhadi taila</em> for 7 days then from 8th day <em>Tarpana</em> with <em>Balashatavaryadi Ghrita</em> was done for 7 days, followed by 2 follow-ups.<strong> Results:</strong> The overall assessment was done before treatment, on 15<sup>th</sup> day, 30<sup>th</sup> day and 44<sup>th</sup> day.<strong> Conclusion:</strong> <em>Nasya</em> has role in improving vision where as <em>Tarpana </em>relieves asthenopic symptoms as well as improves vision.</p> 2022-06-27T17:13:40+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Sabarinath MK, S M Pasha A comparative study on Lung Capacity in Sthula Purusha and Swastha Purusha 2022-06-27T19:39:09+00:00 Vishnu Patel <p><em>Vayu</em> called as the “life of all living organism” in ancient text. Presence of <em>Vayu</em> in the body in equal proportion is one of the main reasons of health of healthy persons, on other hand due to accumulation of excess fat on the chest in obese individuals the air passage is obstructed and <em>Vayu </em>(atmospheric air) does not inter into the lungs properly due to this reason <em>Prana Vayu</em> in obese individuals is less than its normal quantity which affects the daily routine and decreases the normal age of a person. Assessment the health of healthy peoples with the help of general signs and symptoms of equilibrium of <em>Dosha, Dhatu</em>, <em>Mala</em> and <em>Agni</em> etc. while according to modern science vital signs are the indicators of normal health of any individual. Assessment of obesity is done by the symptoms given in the text such as <em>Chala Sphika, Udara Stana</em>, <em>Khudhadhikya, Trishadhikya</em>, <em>Khudraswas</em> etc. and according to modern science body mass index (BMI) is used as measurement tool of obesity. Measurement of lung volume and capacity with the help of student spirometer and make comparison of lung capacity in both the groups (<em>Sthula &amp; Swastha Purusha</em>).</p> 2022-06-27T17:17:40+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Vishnu Patel Pharmaceutico Analytical Study of Jatipatradi Churna 2022-06-27T19:39:09+00:00 Veena Nandennavar Pavan Kulkarni <p>Oral thrush is an opportunistic infection of the oral cavity. It is common and underdiagnosed among the elders. It is also called as oral candidiasis and is a condition in which the fungus Candida albicans accumulates on the lining of mouth. Candida is a normal organism in our mouth, but sometimes it can overgrow and cause symptoms. The incidence of C Albicans is 45% in neonates, 45-65% in healthy children, 30-45% of healthy adults, 50-65% of people who wear removable dentures, 90% of patients with acute leukaemia and undergoing chemotherapy and 95% of HIV infected patients. Oral thrush causes creamy white lesions, usually on the tongue or inner cheeks. Sometimes oral thrush may spread to the roof of mouth, gums or tonsils, or the back of throat. <em>Jaatipatradi</em> <em>Choorna</em> is one of the formulations explained in <em>Yogaratnakara</em> in <em>Dantaroga Chikitsadhaya</em> containing the ingredients like <em>Jaatipatra, Punarnava, Gajapippali, Kushta, Vacha, Shunti, Ajamoda, Haritaki</em> and <em>Tila</em> which are having <em>Krimighna</em> and <em>Khandughna</em> property. Hence, this present study has been undertaken to prepare <em>Jaatipatradi</em> <em>Choorna</em> and subjecting it to standard analytical parameters of <em>Churna Kalpana.</em></p> 2022-06-27T17:19:16+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Veena Nandennavar, Pavan Kulkarni Medicinal plants of Bhavaprakasha Nighantu having Jwarahara (anti-pyretic), Shwasahara (anti-asthmatic) and Kasahara (anti-tussive) properties for the management of COVID 19 : A Review 2022-06-27T19:39:10+00:00 Rita <p><strong>Aim:</strong> To find out effective plants from <em>Bhavaprakasha Nighantu</em> in the management of COVID 19 and their analysis on the basis of pharmacodynamics attributes and reported pharmacological activities. <strong>Background:</strong> COVID 19 is declared as a pandemic by W.H.O. which is affecting 216 countries. The graph of confirmed cases and deaths is rising day by day. Due to lack of definitive treatment, anti-virals are choice of drug along with other antimicrobial and supportive treatment. High grade fever, sore throat and difficulty in breathing are cardinal signs of its early stage. In <em>Bhavaprakasha Nighantu </em>various plants has been mentioned which are having <em>Jwarahara</em> (anti-pyretic), <em>Shwasahara</em> (anti-asthmatic) and <em>Kasahara</em> (anti-tussive) properties. A complete review of these plants with pharmacodynamic attributes (<em>Rasa</em>, <em>Veerya</em>, <em>Vipaka</em>) has been done form <em>Bhavaprakasha Nighantu</em>. The plants were further reviewed from PubMed for anti-viral, anti-pyretic, anti-tussive/anti-asthmatic and immunomodulatory activities to make it more scientific. <strong>Results:</strong> 22 plants were found which are having all these properties. <em>Kutki </em>[<em>Picrorhiza kurroa </em>Royale ex. Benth], <em>Kiratatikta </em>[<em>Swertia</em>&nbsp;<em>chirayita</em>&nbsp;(Roxb.) Buch. Ham.ex C.B.Clarke] and <em>Guduchi </em>[<em>Tinospora</em>&nbsp;<em>sinensis</em>&nbsp;(Lour) Merr.] etc. were found to be having immunomodulatory action. <em>Kiratatikta</em>, <em>Guduchi, </em>and <em>Pippali </em>[<em>Piper longum </em>L.] etc. were found having anti-pyretic activity. <em>Kutki</em>, <em>Kiratatikta </em>and<em> Katphala </em>[<em>Myrica</em>&nbsp;<em>esculenta</em>&nbsp;Buch. Ham. ex D. Don] etc. were found having beneficial for respiratory illnesses. <em>Kutki,</em> <em>Kiratatikta, Haritaki, Aamalaki </em>and <em>Sariva </em>[<em>Hemidesmus indicus </em>(L.) R. Br. ex Schult] etc. were found having antiviral activities. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> 22 plants found to be effective in <em>Bhavaprakasha Nighantu</em> and they are also reported having pharmacological activities which are beneficial in COVID 19. <strong>Clinical Significance:</strong> Among these plants many are easily available and also in day-to-day practice. Thus, these plants and their combinations can be used in early stage of COVID 19 and also in later stages with minimised dose and drug interactions.</p> 2022-06-27T17:44:21+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rita Sleshmaja Krimi vis a vis Helicobacter Pylori: A Literary Review 2022-06-27T19:39:10+00:00 Megha Murali Sumit Kumar Nitish Raj Sujeet Kumar <p>From the <em>Vedic </em>period onwards <em>Krimi</em> is accepted as an etiological factor of various diseases. In<em> Ayurveda</em>, <em>Krimi </em>is widely explained especially by <em>Acharya Charaka</em> who gave full details in <em>Vimanasthana Vyadhitaroopiyam Adhyaya.</em> There is detailed description of <em>Saptaka Gana </em>– <em>Samuthana </em>(<em>Nidana/</em>cause)<em>, Sthana </em>(habitat)<em>, Samsthana</em> (morphology/ form)<em>, Varna </em>(colour)<em>, Nama </em>(name)<em>, Prabhava</em> (effect) &amp;<em> Chikitsa </em>(treatment). Only a few studies have been carried out in <em>Ayurveda</em> to identify the type of <em>Krimi,</em> infection based on their types, etc. Some researchers tried very well to correlate various <em>Krimi</em> with some microbes. The probable correlation of <em>Krimi</em> with the contemporary infectious microbes may be possible by examining the resemblance of their habitat, morphology and effect on the host. But it is little bit a difficult task to correlate <em>Krimi</em> with the microbes due to lack of sufficient description of individual <em>Krimi</em>. Under the word <em>Krimi</em>, all microorganisms like bacteria, virus, parasites, fungi, etc. can be considered. Here we consider <em>Sleshmaja Krimi </em>w.s.r to <em>Helicobacter</em> <em>pylori</em> and also its habitat mucous layer as <em>Kledaka Kapha</em>. <em>Helicobacter pylori</em> is a gram-negative bacillus, which lives in gastric mucus, some adherent to the mucosa &amp; some enters the cells or penetrates the mucosa; its distribution is not systemic. It is motile in the mucous environment because of its spiral shape &amp; flagella. Colonization of this organism is an important risk factor in causing peptic ulcer, gastritis, gastric adenocarcinoma, etc. In some conditions like gastro-esophageal reflux disease, etc. <em>H.pylori</em> colonization may offer protection against the complications. Through this article, an effort has been made to describe the concept of <em>Sleshmaja Krimi</em> from different <em>Ayurvedic</em> treatises and also to correlate with <em>Helicobacter pylori</em>, based on the habitat and effect on human body.</p> 2022-06-27T17:46:13+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Megha Murali, Sumit Kumar, Nitish Raj, Sujeet Kumar A review of Vatsanabh (Aconitum ferox) in Ayurveda 2022-06-27T19:39:11+00:00 Rupali Narendra Chandewar Rajesh Subhash Harode <p><em>Vatsanabh</em> (<em>Aconitum</em> <em>ferox</em>) from the family Rananculaceae is a species of monk’s hood. <em>Vatsanabh</em> is also named as <em>Ksweda, Amrita, Visha</em> and <em>Vatsanaga</em>. It rises in eastern temperate and sub-alpine areas of Himalayas, Nepal, Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Sikkim. All the parts of this plants are poisonous, the root part is more potent than other parts. Root part is mostly used for medicinal use. As the root part is poisonous but useful in the treatment of various diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, fever, hypertension and also act as <em>Rasayana</em>. <em>Vatsanabh</em> or its preparation in therapeutic dose, acts as medicine. Formulations having aconitum roots as ingredients are effective in various diseases.</p> 2022-06-27T17:49:31+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rupali Narendra Chandewar, Rajesh Subhash Harode Ayurveda management of Sthoulya Roga (Obesity) 2022-06-27T19:39:11+00:00 Prof. Shripathi Acharya G <p>Lifestyle disorders are occurring commonly in India as well as the whole world. Due to altered lifestyle, inappropriate food habits, lack of adequate exercise and psychological stress had led to frequent occurrence of <em>Sthoulya Roga</em>. It has various complications like hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cerebrovascular accident, osteoarthritis, dyslipidemia, respiratory distress, depression, ischemic heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, and cancer. So, an effective Ayurveda management has to be developed for <em>Sthoulya Roga.</em> Even an endocrine disease Hypothyroidism can also lead to obesity.&nbsp; Obese patients are often depressed and like have the chance of developing malignancy. Medicines like <em>Thryushanadi Loha, Shilajatu Capsules, Amritadi Guggulu, Navaka Guggulu, Medohara Guggulu, Vyayama, Rooksha Udvartana,</em> and <em>Langhana</em> or <em>Karshana Chikitsa</em> have a better result in the management of obesity. This paper highlights about the Ayurveda management of <em>Sthoulya Roga</em> (obesity).</p> 2022-06-27T17:51:58+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Prof. Shripathi Acharya G Shukra Dhatu - A Conceptual Study from Modern Perspective 2022-06-27T19:39:12+00:00 Rajani Balwani <p>Ayurveda suggests one with balanced <em>Agni</em>, perfect <em>Dhatus</em>, proper excretion of all <em>Malas</em> and whose mind, soul and senses are full of bliss is called a healthy person. There are seven <em>Dhatus</em> explained in Ayurveda texts. According to Ayurveda, <em>Shukra</em> is considered as seventh <em>Dhatu</em> in the body. It is the terminal tissue element of the body. From words such, the word shuka is derived. The word <em>Shukra</em> has multiple meanings like bright, white, and resplendent. Refined M<em>ajja</em> <em>Dhatu</em> was processed further by <em>Shukraagni</em> to form <em>Shukra</em> <em>Dhatu</em>. Thus, it is the most elegant and evolved product of all <em>Dhatus</em>. <em>Shukra</em> is the substance that controls all entire body systems, including metabolic activities, and is released during sexual activity.</p> 2022-06-27T17:54:30+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rajani Balwani Shirisha in Agada Tantra 2022-06-27T19:39:12+00:00 Indermani Amita Jhunjhunwala R. C. Tiwari Manisha Dikshit Bhawana Mittal Ved Bhusan Sharma <p><em>Visha Chikitsa</em>, as the <em>Agada Tantra</em> is popularly known deals with various methods of cleaning the poisons out of the body as well as recommend antidotes for particular poisons. In present time excess use of pseudo drugs, which results in higher incidence of adverse reaction, has motivated humans to return to nature for safer treatment or remedies. In this review we have taken <em>Albizia lebbeck</em> aka <em>Shirish</em> which is an important medicinal tree. Present review aimed to compile the data to highlight the <em>Vishaghna</em> property of <em>Shirisha</em> and effort is made to collect scientific evidences and researches. A herbal drug commonly known as <em>Shirish</em> (<em>Albizia lebbeck</em>) is very useful for the therapeutic property and useful in various disease treatment. <em>Shirish</em> does not need recognition in the world of Ayurveda. <em>Shirish</em> known as a best anti toxic drug. It is used in <em>Kushtha, Kandu, Visarapa, Kasa, Shavas, Pama, Vrana, Shotha, Sarpdansh Mushak Visha, Sheetpitta, Rakta Dushti, Vishamjwara, Vishadushti, Suryavart, Ardhaavbhedak, Netrabhishyanda</em>.</p> 2022-06-27T17:57:23+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Indermani, Amita Jhunjhunwala, R. C. Tiwari, Manisha Dikshit, Bhawana Mittal, Ved Bhusan Sharma An exploration of physiological, medicinal and safety aspects of Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia): A complete Ayurvedic and modern review 2022-06-27T19:39:13+00:00 Raju Ninama Archana Verma Meenu Mishra Anil Nagle R. K. Pati Rajesh Meshram <p><strong>Introduction: </strong><em>Tinospora cordifolia </em>commonly known as <em>“Amrita”</em> or <em>“Guduchi”</em> is an important drug of Indian systems of medicine (ISM) and used in medicines since times immemorial<em>. Guduchi</em> is a Sanskrit word which means that ‘which protects body from diseases’. Another name for this herb is <em>‘Amrita’,</em> which refers to the heavenly elixir according to Hindu mythology. The drug is well known Indian bitter and prescribed in fevers, diabetes, dyspepsia, jaundice, urinary problems, skin diseases and chronic diarrhoea and dysentery. It has been also indicated useful in the treatment of heart diseases, leprosy, helminthiasis and rheumatoid arthritis. It is an important drug and is used in form of different preparations like <em>Satva, Ghrita, Tail, Swarasa</em> etc. <strong>Material &amp; Methods: </strong>For this review article <em>Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, Ashtanga Hridaya, Ashtanga Sangraha, Bhavprakash Nighantu, Raj Nighantu, Dhanvantari Nighantu, Shaligrama Nighantu, Priya Nighantu, Kaiydev Nighantu, Madanpal Nighantu, Shodhal Nighantu</em>, internet and modern medical literature have been reviewed. <strong>Result: </strong>The <em>Tinospora cordifolia</em> plant had been appreciated to having high levels for medicinal, therapeutical, curative, healing and relieving nature. <strong>Discussion: </strong><em>Guduchi</em> has high therapeutic potential by its anti-toxic, anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic and anti-oxidant properties. There is also no evidence that <em>Guduchi </em>has any toxic content or side effects, which proves its safety aspect as well.<strong> Conclusion: </strong>The therapeutic and safety aspects studies reported in the present review confirm the medicinal properties of herb <em>Tinospora cordifolia (Giloy)</em> in preventing various diseases or abnormalities by increasing immunity naturally in human bodies.</p> 2022-06-27T17:59:59+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Raju Ninama, Archana Verma, Meenu Mishra, Anil Nagle, R. K. Pati, Rajesh Meshram Acharya Sushruta’s contribution in the field of Surgery 2022-06-27T19:39:13+00:00 Mallinath I T Adithya J V Siddesh Aradhyamath <p>As a text-book, it is unrivalled in respect of composite teaching of the subject of surgery with reference to all allied branches of medical learning required by a surgeon. The <em>Samhita</em> is thus an encyclopedia of medical learning with special emphasis on <em>Shalya</em> and <em>Shalakya.</em> It still retains the land mark position in the field of surgical texts. The contributions of <em>Sushruta</em> are not only limited to surgical field but also extended up to the different branches of anatomy, embryology, gynecology, obstetrics, pediatrics, toxicology, medicine etc. In this article, an attempt has been made to highlight the salient features and basic surgical foundation principles he has laid upon, which serves as very basic rules even till today for any surgical procedure we take, for which, till date we consider Acharya Sushruta as Father of Surgery.</p> 2022-06-27T18:02:47+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mallinath I T , Adithya J V, Siddesh Aradhyamath Critical Analysis on Trividha Pariksha with special reference to Panchakarma 2022-06-27T19:39:14+00:00 Akshata Sangolli Ganesh Puttur Madhushree H.S. Prajwal Narayan <p><strong>Introduction :</strong> Ayurveda is a holistic medicine and life science and <em>Panchakarma</em> being the major part of it as it has a role in all the <em>Ashtangas</em> of Ayurveda. <em>Pariksha </em>means examination and it is an irreplaceable part before treating any disease. Thus, it has a major role in <em>Panchakarma</em> especially in deciding whether the <em>Rogi</em> is <em>Yogya /Ayogya</em> for various <em>Panchakarma</em> procedures like <em>Vamana</em> as it is indicated only when the patient is strong enough to sustain the procedure. <strong>Objectives:</strong> To study role of <em>Trividha Pariksha</em> in <em>Panchakarma</em> in detail during <em>Purva Karma, Pradhana Karma</em> and <em>Pashath Karma.</em> <strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> This is an conceptual study for which various Ayurvedic texts and published articles and research papers are referred. <strong>Discussion:</strong> Role of <em>Trividha Pariksha </em>as a <em>Purvakarma</em> like <em>Snehana, Swedana</em>, and in <em>Pradhana Karma, Vamana, Virechana, Basti, Nasya</em> and <em>Rakta Mokshana</em> and at <em>Panchakarma</em> preparation room, in <em>Pashath Karma</em> deciding <em>Samsarjana Krama </em>and to look for <em>Prakrutigata Purusha Lakshanas.</em> <strong>Result:</strong> <em>Trividha Pariksha</em> is a tool for mankind and has its own importance and role in every <em>Panchakarma</em> procedure and hence knowledge of it is necessary for all the <em>Vaidyas</em>.</p> 2022-06-27T18:05:02+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Akshata Sangolli, Ganesh Puttur, Madhushree H.S., Prajwal Narayan Applied understanding of Post Covid Coagulopathy Disorders through Ayurveda 2022-06-27T19:39:14+00:00 Mukta Pramod Katti <p>Blood is the only fluid connective tissue in the body, maintains life and plays vital role in the body, <em>Acharya Vagbhata</em> describes the function <em>Rakta</em> as <em>Jeevanam</em> and <em>Sharkadhara </em>explains it under ten <em>Nanatmaja Vyadhi</em> , and as per <em>Acharya Sushruta Raktamokshana</em> as <em>Ardhachikitsa</em>&nbsp; and he had also described <em>Rakta</em> as the <em>Chaturtha Dosha</em>, hence all the Coagulopathy disorders can be understood under the disorders of <em>Rakta Pradoshaja Vikara.</em> Coagulopathy are caused by disruption in the body’s ability to control blood clotting. In the present situation i.e., Pandemic Covid-19, patients with Covid-19 pneumonia exhibits coagulation abnormalities, most commonly elevated D-dimer has been associated with a higher mortality rate. Covid-19 causes a spectrum of disease, with frequent involvement of the hemostatic system. Severe pulmonary inflammation causes activation and may trigger pulmonary thrombosis early in the disease course. So, when compared to other Post Covid -19 Complication, Coagulopathy plays a most important role.</p> 2022-06-27T18:06:43+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mukta, Pramod Katti A conceptual study on the effect of Mahabala Ghrita Uttara Basti in Mootraghata 2022-06-27T19:39:15+00:00 Vishwanath Dinnimani Shilpa P N <p>In Ayurveda classics, <em>Mootraghata</em> is described as the disease of <em>Mutravaha</em> <em>Srotas</em> which is caused due to vitiation of <em>Vata</em> and <em>Kapha</em> <em>Dosha</em>. The most common symptoms such as retention or obstruction of urine and known urinary tract symptoms, closely resembles with begin prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in modern medicine. the present management of BPH includes conservative and surgical approach. In Ayurveda the drugs having <em>Vata</em> and <em>Kapha</em> pacifying action, <em>Jeevaniya, Vrishya, Mutrala, Sophahara Lekhaniya</em> are recommended for its management. As per the recent epidemiological data, the incidence rate of BPH is 8% in men aged 31-40 years to over 80% in men older than age 80 years. BPH is characterized by progressive enlargement of prostate gland from non-malignant proliferation of smooth muscles and epithelial cells. Androgen plays important role in for these changes in prostate gland. The present available surgical and minimal invasive methods have their own limitations. Hence, to find out a suitable Ayurvedic approach for the management of BPH. After critical literature review <em>Mahabala Ghrita Uttara Basti</em> is selected for study because <em>Acharya Sushruta</em> mentioned <em>Uttara Basti</em> is the choice of treatment in <em>Mootraghata</em>.</p> 2022-06-27T18:13:46+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Vishwanath Dinnimani, Shilpa P N Ayurvedic management of Corneal Ectasia - A Conceptual Study 2022-06-27T19:39:15+00:00 Sujata Magi Veerayya R Hiremath Shashikala DK Gururaj N Raju SN <p>Corneal ectasia is a disorder that results in thinning of the central, paracentral, or peripheral cornea that leads to progressive myopia and irregular astigmatism. Keratoconus, Pellucid marginal corneal degeneration (PMCD), Terrien's marginal degeneration (TMD), Keratoglobus, Posterior keratoconus are the conditions/types of corneal ectatia. In <em>Ayurveda</em> there is no direct reference of corneal ectasia, based on signs and symptoms it can be correlated with <em>Vataja</em> <em>Timira</em>. <em>Timira</em> is the <em>Drustigata</em> <em>Roga</em> which further leads to <em>Linganasha</em> if not treated initially. Based on symptoms and <em>Dosha</em>-<em>Dushya</em> involvement <em>Brhumhana</em> and <em>Vatahara</em> line of treatment should be followed in the form of <em>Virechana</em>, <em>Nasya</em>, <em>Tarpana</em>, <em>Putapaka</em> and <em>Pindi</em>. These treatment modalities are more beneficial in corneal ectasia.</p> 2022-06-27T18:21:15+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Sujata Magi, Veerayya R Hiremath, Shashikala DK, Gururaj N, Raju SN Creation of Universe in connect with 51 Sanskrit Varna (Alphabets) Akshar their order and 9 Chakras Application as Aushadhi - An Review 2022-06-27T19:39:16+00:00 Gaurav Shukla Aarti Shukla <p>Sanskrit Language’s integrated approach leads to bring correlation between <em>Veda</em> (4 <em>Vedas</em>, 4 <em>Upveda</em>, 18 <em>Puraan</em> and 18 <em>UpPuraan</em>, <em>Upanishads</em>, Astrology, <em>Vastu</em>, <em>Arthashastra</em>) <em>Tantra</em> (<em>Mantra</em>, <em>Yantra</em>, <em>Tantra</em>), Language and Universal Consciousness from Macro to Micro. This has become possible by following a uniform alphabetical order, elementwise and chakrawise. <em>Chakras</em> are connected with <em>Kundalini</em> and which is connected with <em>Aatma</em>. <em>Aatma</em> is connected with <em>Parmatma</em>. <em>Parmatma</em> in different forms created Universe. This type of Universal consciousness brings or upgrades one’s conscious decisions and thus humans can appreciate better each component of Universe and the Creator. Changing the alphabetical order brings confusion, lowers one’s energy and brings confusion. Present system needs research on bringing more correlations and one integrated fibre bearing 51 alphabets in order can be used as <em>Aushadhi</em> in <em>Mantra Chikitsa.</em></p> 2022-06-27T19:33:34+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Gaurav Shukla, Aarti Shukla Ayurvedic management of Hepatitis-B - A Case Study 2022-06-27T19:39:16+00:00 Sumit Kumar Ragini Kumari Dharmendra Kumar Vijay Bahadur Singh <p>Hepatitis is inflammation of liver parenchyma mostly caused by viruses and other factors. It’s a non-specific prodromal illness characterized by headache, myalgia, arthralgia, nausea, anorexia, dark urine, yellow discoloration of skin, mucosa, sclera and other tissues etc. A diagnosed case of Hepatitis-B, 32yrs old Male patient, Came to OPD of Room No. 9, Government Ayurvedic College &amp; Hospital, Kadam Kaun, Patna, Having R. No. 510, C. R. No. A02219. Based on symptoms, supported by blood investigation reports and Ayurvedic parameters, the condition diagnosed as <em>Yakritsotha</em>. Oral medicines given<em> Aryogyavardhini Vati, Punarnava Akar, Akar Makoy, Shallaki, Liv 52 HB, Phaltrikadi Kwatha, Ashvaghanda Churna</em> along with <em>Pathya Apathya Ahara Vihara </em>were prescribed. There was drastic decrease in all the symptoms. The effect of treatment was monitored during the follow up with routine blood examinations. The bilirubin level decreased from initial 6.2mg/dl to 1.0mg/dl. This article is a discussion about a case of Hepatitis which was successfully treated by Ayurvedic line of treatment. The signs and symptoms, causes, patho-physiology of Hepatitis, along with its co-relation in Ayurveda as <em>Yakritsotha</em>, its line of treatment and possible the mode of action of drugs were the main points of consideration. Use of medicines such as<em> Aryogyavardhini Vati, Punarnava Arka, Shallaki, Akar Makoy, Liv 52 HB, Phaltrikadi Kwatha, Ashvagandha Churn</em> along with<em> Pathya Apathy Ahara Vihara</em> showed good result without any complication in the present study.</p> 2022-06-27T18:52:05+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Sumit Kumar, Ragini Kumari, Dharmendra Kumar, Vijay Bahadur Singh A case report on the management of Akaala Jara with special reference to Premature Ageing 2022-06-27T19:39:17+00:00 Sreejaya TK Fareeda Begum Shaikh Madhava Diggavi <p><em>Akaala Jara</em> is a condition where the <em>Lakshanas </em>of <em>Jaravastha</em> is seen in an earlier stage due to not following the proper conduct for health like seasonal <em>Shodhana </em>(elimination therapy), <em>Dinacharya</em> (daily regime) etc. Ageing is a set of progressive physiological changes in an organism often declining the biological functions and ability to adapt to metabolic stress. Due to the irregular dietary habits and faulty lifestyle, people are getting aged prematurely nowadays.&nbsp; A 50 years old moderately built female patient complains of <em>Utsahahani </em>(decreased enthusiasm)<em>, Nidra Viparyaya </em>(defective sleep pattern)<em>, Sandhi Shoola </em>(joint pain)<em>, Shakrutgraha </em>(constipation)<em>, Prabhahani </em>(loss of lustre),<em> Dourbalya </em>(weakness)<em>, Arohana Ayasa </em>(exertional dyspnea)<em>, Karmahani</em> (difficulty in doing activities) and <em>Twak Parushyata </em>(skin dryness) for 10 years got admitted in <em>Kayachikitsa</em> IPD, TGAMC. The case was diagnosed as <em>Akaala Jara</em>. Investigations of Hemoglobin, ESR, CRP, Serum Calcium added to the diagnosis. After <em>Koshta Shodhana </em>by <em>Haritakyadi Yoga</em>, <em>Narasimha Churna</em> in <em>Palaartha Pramana </em>(24g) was given for one month, along with <em>Shudhabalataila Nitya Abhyanga</em>. At the end of course of treatment, improvement was noted in all symptoms as well as in Hemoglobin, ESR, CRP, S.Calcium and photographs taken before and after treatment. <em>Narasimha Churna </em>having <em>Bhallataka, Guduchi, Chitraka, Shunti, Pippali, Maricha</em> are <em>Ama Pachaka </em>and<em> Agni Dipaka</em>. The drugs <em>Shatavari, Guduchi, Shunti</em> may compensate the reduction in Superoxide dismutase, catalase and lactase dehydrogenase promoting the antioxidant defense mechanism. While the <em>Shudhabalataila Nitya Abhyanga</em> pacify the <em>Prakupitha Vata, Narasimha Churna</em> might have done the <em>Dhatwagni Dipana, Utharothara</em> <em>Dhatu Poshana</em> leading to improvement in the condition<em>.</em></p> 2022-06-27T18:55:20+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Sreejaya TK, Fareeda Begum Shaikh, Madhava Diggavi Effect of Dashmoola Siddha Ksheera Paka Kati Basti in Katishoola - A Single Case Study 2022-06-27T19:39:17+00:00 Padmavati Venkatesh Ashivini <p>According to <em>Ayurveda</em>, <em>Katishoola</em> is a disease with pain in lumbar region. In modern it is nearly correlated with Lumbar spondylolisthesis, in which anterior displacement of a vertebra or the vertebral column in a relation to the below vertebral is one of the common causes. <em>Katishoola</em> is a disease which is mainly caused by the vitiation of <em>Vata Dosha</em>. Some ancient texts also describe <em>Katishoola</em> as a symptom of some disorders such as <em>Kati</em> <em>Graha, Trika Graha,</em> <em>Prushta Graha, Grudrasi</em> etc. The present article deals with a case of diagnosed Grade 1 lumbar spondylolisthesis of L4 over L5 and got advised for surgery. The Ayurvedic diagnosis of <em>Katishoola</em> was made. Management included<em> Kshira Kativasti </em>with <em>Sadhyo</em> <em>Virechana</em> to evaluate the efficacy of a treatment regimen <em>Dashamoola Siddha Ksheera Paka</em> <em>Basti</em> with <em>Katibasti</em>. A 65 years old female with a 10 years history of lumbar spondylolisthesis was treated with <em>Katibasti</em>. The response to the treatment was recorded and therapeutic effect were evaluated through symptomatic relief. Clinical symptoms were significantly reduced and this katibasti is effective in successfully treating <em>Katishoola</em> by helping to reduce the symptoms and improving the degree of anterior flexion.</p> 2022-06-27T18:58:51+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Padmavati Venkatesh, Ashivini Ayurvedic management of Vataja Shirashoola w.s.r. to Tension Headache - A Case Study 2022-06-27T19:39:18+00:00 Devika D Hamsaveni V <p><em>Shiras </em>is considered as <em>Uttamanga </em>according to Ayurveda. It’s included in one among three <em>Marmas </em>and also <em>Dasha Pranayatana</em>. Diseases related to head has explained in Ayurvedic classics. <em>Vataja Shirashoola </em>is one among the <em>Shiro Rogas </em>explained by <em>Charaka, Sushrutha </em>and <em>Vagbhata</em>. <em>Acharya Charaka </em>had explained <em>Nidana </em>of <em>Vataj Shirashoola </em>such as <em>Upavasa, Shoka, Bhaya, Trasa </em>etc. <em>Vataja Shirashoola </em>is corelated to Tension Head ache which accounts for nearly 90% of all headaches. Tension headache is related to stress, depression and anxiety. Here a case of <em>Vataja Shirashoola </em>successfully treated with Ayurvedic Management is recorded.</p> 2022-06-27T19:01:39+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Devika D, Hamsaveni V Role of Ubhaya Shodhana in Hyperlipidaemia - A Case Report 2022-06-27T19:39:18+00:00 Padmavati Venkatesh Chinmayee Mohanty Rupendra Kumar Sahu <p>Hyperlipidaemia is an abnormal derangement of lipids in the blood and is found in many conditions including Diabetes Mellitus, Hyperthyroidism and Hypertension etc. The ability of hyperlipidaemia is to engage in the pathology of atherosclerotic diseases such as coronary heart disease, which dominates the scenario of diseases causing morbidity and mortality in the world. In Ayurveda, it can be correlated with <em>Medovaha Stroto Dushti</em> (vitiation of channels carrying fat tissue), management of which follows the treatment principles of <em>Medo Roga</em> (disorders of fat tissue). Here an attempt is made to discuss a successful case study of a 41 years male patient who presented with complaints of lethargy, unwillingness towards performing daily activities and easy fatigability since last 3 years diagnosed with hyperlipidaemia with Total cholesterol 317 mg%, LDL 193mg/dl, VLDL 45 mg% and HDL 79 mg% and Triglycerides 226 mg/dl. The patient was treated on <em>Kapha-Meda Nashak Chikitsa</em> using combination of <em>Shodhana Chikitsa</em> followed by diet and life style modifications. After the course of treatment, lipid profile was repeated. There was significant improvement in the biochemical parameters, indicating that hyperlipidaemia can be effectively treated with Ayurvedic interventions.</p> 2022-06-27T19:09:31+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Padmavati Venkatesh, Chinmayee Mohanty , Rupendra Kumar Sahu Effect of some Ayurvedic Anti-Rheumatic preparation supplemented with Masooradi Yoosha in Amavata (Rheumatoid Arthritis) : A Case Report 2022-06-27T19:39:18+00:00 Kirti Chouhan Monika Yadav Anita Ravi Kumar <p><em>Amavata</em> is a sickness that develops when the <em>Vata</em> <em>Dosha</em> connected with <em>Ama</em> becomes aggravated. Aggravated <em>Vata</em> circulates <em>Ama</em> throughout the body via <em>Dhamanies</em>, seeks refuge in the <em>Shleshma</em> <em>Sthana</em> (<em>Amashya</em>, <em>Sandhi</em>, and so on), and manifests as <em>Angmarda, Aalasya, Gaurav, Jwara</em>, and other symptoms in tiny and large joints, deforming the person. In modern parlance, it simulates rheumatoid arthritis. <em>Chakradatta</em> explains <em>Langhan</em> as the first component of <em>Amavata's</em> <em>Chikitsa</em> <em>Sutra</em>. Pain and swelling in various joints, as well as morning stiffness lasting more than 60 minutes, were reported by a 50-year-old female patient. <em>Simhanada Guggulu</em> and <em>Rasnasaptak Kashayam</em>, as well as <em>Masooradi</em> <em>Yoosha</em> as <em>Pathya</em>, were prescribed as part of a 30-day integrative intervention<em>.</em> The Rheumatoid Factor qualitative and CRP qualitative was positive before treatment and found negative after treatment. Anti- CCP was &gt;100 U/ml before treatment and it lower down to 73 U/ml after treatment. <em>Simhnada Guggulu </em>with <em>Anupana </em>of <em>Rasnasaptak Kashayam </em>followed by <em>Masooradi Yoosha </em>as <em>Pathya </em>showed remarkable relief in symptoms and serological markers such as RA factor qualitative, CRP qualitative, Anti-CCP and ESR. Diet is an effective modality in the management of <em>Amavata.</em></p> 2022-06-27T19:12:59+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Kirti Chouhan, Monika Yadav, Anita, Ravi Kumar Understanding of Guillain Barre Syndrome and its management through Ayurveda - A Case Study 2022-06-27T19:39:19+00:00 Mahantesh Hiremath Girishkumar S. Dharmannavar <p>Guillain-Barre’ Syndrome is an acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy caused generally by autoimmune response after certain post infections. GBS damages part of nerves. This nerve damage causes tingling, muscle weakness and paralysis. According to Ayurveda, it can be correlated with<em> Vatavyadhi - Sarvangaghata. </em>A 62 Year old male patient, presenting with sudden onset of, complete paralysis of all four limbs (quadriplegia), unable to walk, stand, sit, difficulty in deglutition (dysphagia) and dysarthia. Previously patient admitted and treated in SNMC Medical College, Bagalkot, but did not show any sign of improvement. So, patient was admitted and treated with Ayurvedic treatment for 60 days. As per Ayurvedic classics which is <em>Apatarpan</em> a nature (diseases with deprived nourishment of body tissue) preceded by <em>Jvara</em> (H/O fever before onset of GBS). Hence the principle of treatment is <em>Santarpan Chikitsa</em> (nourishing treatment) includes <em>Bahyopakramas</em> (nourishing external treatment modalities), such as <em>Abhyanga </em>(oleation therapy) and <em>Shastika Shali Pinda Sveda</em> (sudation using hot and processed), <em>Kalabasti </em>(medicated enema), <em>Sirodhara</em> (gentle pouring of medicated liquid over forehead) and using various Ayurvedic herbomineral compounds. Remarkable results were observed in the form of improvement in the muscle power from zero to five of all four limbs with improvement in speech. There was no difficulty post treatment in deglutition, sitting, standing and walking; and now patient is near to normal movements.</p> 2022-06-27T19:15:36+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mahantesh Hiremath, Girishkumar S. Dharmannavar Effect of Kuti Sweda on Dyslipidemia : A Case Report 2022-06-27T19:39:19+00:00 Monika Yadav Kirti Chouhan Durgawati Devi <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Dyslipidemia is one the major condition to be concerned, it is the most potent modifiable risk factors for CVD, it does not manifest disease in a single day, but acts as a silent killer. This article discusses a female patient known case of dyslipidemia for 1 year, seen at OPD of <em>Swasthavritta</em> and <em>Yoga</em>, National institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur. <strong>Main clinical findings: </strong>Her chief complaints were increasing central obesity, Breathlessness on walking or climbing stairs since 5-6 months. <strong>Diagnosis: </strong>In this case, the subject was having central obesity, shortness of breath on walking, talking on phone for long time or climbing stairs and lab investigations showed disturbed lipid profile, so she was diagnosed with <em>Medovridhi</em>. <strong>Intervention: </strong>After appropriate analysis <em>Swedana</em> in the form of <em>Kuti</em> <em>Sweda</em> (Cabin Sudation) was given for 15 mins, 5 days in a week continued for 1 month.<strong> Outcomes:</strong> Before procedure her total cholesterol was 250.3 mg/dl, serum LDL was 191 mg/dl, Serum HDL was 42 mg/dl, Total cholesterol/HDL ratio was 6 %, HDL/LDL ratio was 4.5 % and after 1 month of procedures the values were 138.6 mg/dl, 68.7 mg/dl, 44 mg/dl, 3.1%, 1.6% respectively. Beneficiary improvement in subjective parameters were also noted. <strong>Conclusions:</strong> There was significant change in all symptoms and lipid profile, so, it can be concluded that <em>Kuti</em> <em>Swedana</em> is quite effective in managing dyslipidemia.</p> 2022-06-27T19:17:57+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Monika Yadav, Kirti Chouhan, Durgawati Devi Management of Lichen Planus through Ayurveda - A Case Report 2022-06-27T19:39:20+00:00 Remya C. V. Nishat Barchiwale Prashanth AS <p>Autoimmunity is a biological paradox in which the cells and tissues of the body itself, by forming auto-antibodies and auto sensitized T-cells, react against antigens of the individual’s own tissue. <em>Lichen Planus</em> is also appearing to be such a disease. It is a chronic Skin disorder of unknown etiology. It is characterized by purplish or violaceous polyhedral, flat topped itchy papules, occurring mostly on the flexor surfaces and in the oral cavity. Vitiated<em> Doshas</em> destroy tissues in the Skin and produce discolouration and if not, properly treated produce disfiguration leading to Skin Diseases or <em>Kushta</em>. <em>Kitibha </em>is a type of <em>Kshudra Kushta</em> which is having <em>Kshudra Mula </em>described in Ayurvedic Classics. <em>Kitibha Kushta </em>closely resembles the clinical symptoms of <em>Lichen Planus</em>. This paper highlights a Case Study of <em>Kitibha</em> <em>Kushta</em> (<em>Lichen Planus Pigmentosus</em>) treated with the Ayurvedic Principles in particular <em>Shodhana Chikitsa</em>. A 55-year-old Male patient came to our OPD with chief compliant of <em>Twak Vaivarnyam</em> in both hands and lower abdomen with <em>Kandu </em>since 2yrs. He got better relief after a short period of treatment. Ayurvedic management involving <em>Shamana Poorvaka Shodhana Karma</em> with conducive diet and life style.</p> 2022-06-27T19:21:52+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Remya C. V., Nishat Barchiwale, Prashanth AS Ayurveda management of Adharanga Vata (Cervical Myelomalacia) – A Case Report 2022-06-27T19:39:20+00:00 Deepak Srivathsav D Nidhi G Yadu Gopan Vibhu Powar Lakshmiprasad L Jadhav <p>Myelomalacia is a radiological finding in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), shown as the hypo or hyper-densities in the spinal segments of the affected area. It is associated with focal cord atrophy and is resultant of spinal cord injuries like cord compression in most of the cases. Other causes include ischemic changes, syrinx formation, and cervical spondylosis myelopathy. In Ayurveda it is co-related to the <em>Adharangavata </em>(~weakness in the lower limbs). A 69year old patient was admitted in the apex hospital located in the western ghats in Karnataka with reduced strength in the both the legs and was unable to walk without support. The patient was treated with <em>Shamanaushadhi </em>(~Palliative medicines) &amp; <em>Basti </em>(medicated enema). The results obtained were promising and encouraging. The patient achieved strength in both the legs and he was able to walk without support for more than 300mts. This approach has shown that cervical myelomalacia can be managed with Ayurveda and helps in avoiding the disease progression and surgical management.</p> 2022-06-27T19:26:04+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Deepak Srivathsav D, Nidhi G, Yadu Gopan, Vibhu Powar, Lakshmiprasad L Jadhav