Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences <p><strong>Online ISSN :</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2456-3110</a></p> <p><strong>DOI Prefix :</strong> 10.21760/jaims.</p> <p><strong>Frequency :</strong> Bimonthly</p> <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) – An International Double-Blind Peer Reviewed Bimonthly Journal for Researches in AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy), is published bimonthly by Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization. The full text of this journal is accessible on website <a href=""></a></p> <p>The ‘JAIMS’ Journal aims to publish the scientific and research outcomes with a view to inform and share the scientific findings, advice, risk assessment conclusions and recommendations for further research in the areas within the limits of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy). It also aims to increase the visibility and awareness of AYUSH’s scientific work worldwide.</p> <p>As an Integrated medical journal for Ayurveda, Naturopathy, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy, Medicinal Plants Sciences, Pharmacology, Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, etc., ‘JAIMS’ aims to explore the alternative system of medicines, encouraging significant collaboration to promote effective, safe and economical global health.</p> <p>The JAIMS journal will consider any original contribution that advances medical science or practice, or that educates the journal's readers. Manuscripts must be solely the work of the author(s) stated, must not have been previously or partially published elsewhere, and must not be under consideration by another journal.</p> <p>All manuscripts contributed to JAIMS are examined by the editorial staff and all original articles are evaluated by peer reviewers assigned by the editors. The JAIMS will publish accepted peer reviewed manuscript within 4 weeks of time.</p> Maharshi Charaka Ayurveda Organization en-US Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences 2456-3110 <p>Journal of Ayurveda and Integrated Medical Sciences (JAIMS) retains the copyright of the contents of this journal but grant the readers the right to use the contents with terms and conditions under a creative common attribution licenses 4 of Attribution, Share Alike and Non-commercial type (CC BY-NC-SA) that allows copy, distribute, display, and perform the work and make derivative works based on it only for&nbsp;non-commercial&nbsp;purposes.</p> <p><a href="" rel="license"><img style="border-width: 0;" src="" alt="Creative Commons License"></a><br>This work is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License</a>.</p> To evaluate the effect of Dashamula Churna Pinda Sweda a touchstone procedure in the management of Vatakantaka <p><em>Vatakantaka</em> is disease of foot and heel with <em>Kantakavat Vedana</em>. <em>Vatakantaka</em> is non fatal common condition which makes life miserable due to pain. When<em> Vata</em> gets vitiated due to walking long distance, excessive strain, walking on uneven surface, the vitiated <em>Vata dosha</em> gets accumulated in <em>Khuddal pradesha </em>(ankle) and causes pain as if pricked by thorn. Hence termed as <em>Vatakantaka.</em> <em>Vatakantaka</em> can be co-related to Calcaneal spur in modern parlance. Calcaneal spur is a pointed bony growth on calcaneus bone. The incidence of calcaneal spur in normal population is 15.5%. And in South Indian population it is 59% of which 60% are female. Here 10 cases of <em>Vatatakantaka</em> vis-a-vis Calcaneal spur were subjected to <em>Dashamula Churna Pinda Sweda</em> for 7 days, followed by <em>Nirgundi Guggulu </em>for 30 days. Patients showed significant results in subjective and objective parameters.</p> Dr. Suma Astagimath Dr. S G Chavana Dr. Prashanth AS Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Suma Astagimath, Dr. S G Chavana, Dr Prashanth AS 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 01 05 Efficacy of Ardhamatrika Basti in the management of Janu Sandhigatavata vis-a-vis Osteoarthritis of Knee Joint – A Clinical Study <p><em>Janu Sandhigata Vata</em> is a <em>Vatavyadhi</em> presenting with <em>Sandhi Shula, Sandhi Shotha,</em> <em>Sandhi Atopa</em> and <em>Prasarana Akunchana Vedana</em>, resulting in limited range of movements, there by restricting daily activities of the individual. <em>Janu Sandhigatavata</em> is commonly identified with Osteoarthritis of Knee Joint characterized by pain, swelling &amp; impaired movements. The prevalence of Osteoarthritis rises progressively with age and it has been estimated that 45% of all people develop Knee Osteoarthritis in life. Osteoarthritis is more common in women than men. The existing line of treatment in contemporary field of medicine includes the administration of NSAIDS, Intra articular steroids and surgical intervention in the form of Knee replacement. In this regard, there is a need for exploring the safe, effective and affordable line of treatment. <em>Basti Karma</em> is a supreme treatment for <em>Vata Vyadhi</em> and also known as <em>Ardha Chikitsa</em> because of its multifaceted actions. Many <em>Basti</em> formulations are mentioned in classics among which <em>Ardhamatrika Basti</em> is best among all the <em>Niruha Basti’s</em> and is said to be the best. In this clinical study 10 the results were statistically highly significant within the group.</p> Indushree BS Varsha Kulkarni Copyright (c) 2021 Indushree BS, Varsha Kulkarni 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 06 11 Effect of Cyclic Meditation on selected Psychological Variables among Corporate Employees <p><strong>Background:</strong> Today’s competitive work environment has created enormous amount of stress on corporate employees, the impact of this as seen on impaired cognitive Functions and compromised mental health, there is a connection between cognition impairment with occupational stress. Mind-body techniques such as cyclic meditation (CM) have shown to improve cognitive functions, reduce stress and enhancing psychological wellbeing. The objective of this study was to determine whether cyclic meditation enhances the cognitive functions. <strong>Material and Methods:</strong> Thirty-five participants who had enrolled in a fifteen days cyclic meditation program. Their ages ranged between 20 and 60 years (group average ±S.D. 38.4±9.3 years, both genders). Those who have any chronic illness and mental illness, and those who are not willing to participate were excluded. Cyclic meditation is given for 15 days, 40 min./day. At baseline and following fifteen days, all participants completed DLST and SLCT. <strong>Results:</strong> cyclic meditation program showed significant change in DLST scores, increase (P-value&lt; 0.001) in total attempted score, significant increase (P-value&lt;0.001) in net score. Significant change in SLCT scores, significant increase (P-value&lt;0.001) in total attempted score, similarly, significant increase (P-value&lt;0.001) in net score, but there was no reduction in wrong attempt scores on both the tests (P-value &gt;0.05). <strong>Conclusions:</strong> The fifteen days of cyclic meditation practice was successful in enhancing the cognitive function among corporate employees.</p> Sanjana Kansara Vijayakumar PS Sahana AU Copyright (c) 2021 Sanjana Kansara, Vijayakumar PS, Sahana AU 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 12 16 Immediate effect of single session Mula Banda practice on cognitive functions among adolescents <p><strong>Background:</strong> Adolescence is a critical period of neurobiological processes that underlie higher cognitive functions and social and emotional behaviour; cognitive functions are important skills for academic performance. Today’s adolescents are struggling to enhance their cognitive abilities due to various new demands and options. There is also an increased academic stress &amp; peer pressure to succeed in school, partly due to increased competition and also due to a diverse range of options available. Techniques to improve these skills are not taught either in education courses. Any practice which can improve these skills will be of value in schools, universities, and workplaces. The objective of the study was to determine whether single session of <em>Mula Banda</em> could enhance the cognitive functions. <strong>Material &amp; Methods:</strong> 30 adolescents who had enrolled for the single session <em>Mula Banda</em> intervention. Their ages ranged between 12 to 18 years (group average ±S.D., 14.4±1.3 years; both genders). Those who have eye problem, neurological problems and mental illness, and those who are not willing to participate were excluded. <em>Mula Banda</em> was given for 10 minutes in a single session.&nbsp; Before and after the session, all participants completed DLST, SLCT and DVT tests. <strong>Result:</strong>&nbsp; single session <em>Mula Banda</em> practice showed significant change in DLST scores, increase (P-value&lt; 0.000) in total attempted score, significant increase (P-value&lt;0.000) in net score, significant reduction in wrongly attempted score (P-value&lt;0.000). Significant change in SLCT scores, significant increase (P-value&lt;0.000) in total attempted score, similarly, significant increase (P-value&lt;.000) in net score, significant reduction in wrongly attempted score (P-value&lt;0.000). Also, significant change in DVT scores, significant increase (P-value&lt;0.000) in total time taken, similarly, significant reduction (P-value&lt;.000) in errors. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> findings suggest that even a single session <em>Mula Banda</em> practice could enhance the cognitive function among adolescents.</p> Zalak Patel Vijayakumar PS Sahana AU Copyright (c) 2021 Zalak Patel, Vijayakumar PS, Sahana AU 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 17 21 A transverse study to observe the health status of individuals working in frontline of COVID-19 Management <p>This study is aimed to observe the health status of the individuals working in the front line of the COVID-19 management in the Udaipur city along with immunomodulator and preventive effect of certain ayurvedic formulations. This study had become essential to be conducted by viewing in the surge of the COVID-19 (first wave) cases in the Udaipur city and by the urge of the local administration to the Principal of MMM Government Ayurveda College, Udaipur. For this study three (3) Ayurvedic formulations i.e., <em>Navrasayan Yoga </em>(powder), <em>Mukhshodhak Yoga </em>(Mouth wash) and <em>Nasya Bindu Taila </em>(Nasal drop) were prepared in the pharmacy of the MMM GAC, Udaipur, under the guidance of the expert panel of the college. These formulations were to be distributed among the people, who were working in the front line of the COVID-19 management in the city. A questionnaire (Performa) was also prepared for the evaluation of the immunity status of the individuals (participants). In this sequence, these Ayurvedic formulations were given to the registered individuals, and the immunity status of the participants were recorded before and after the trial of the medicine with the help of the questionnaire.</p> Man Mohan Sharma Mahesh Dixit Pradeep Soni Shailesh Singh Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Man Mohan Sharma, Prof. Mahesh Dixit, Dr. Pradeep Kumar Soni, Dr. Shailesh Singh 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 22 26 Pharmaceutico-Analytical Study of Tribhuvanakirti Rasa <p><em>Tribhuvanakirti</em> <em>Rasa</em> is an important <em>Kharaliya</em> <em>Rasayana</em>. It is prepared by using <em>Hingula</em> (cinnabar), <em>Tankana</em> (borax), <em>Vatsanabha</em> (Aconitum), <em>Trikatu</em> (<em>Sunthi</em>, <em>Maricha</em>, <em>Pippali</em>), <em>Pippalimoola</em> in equal proportion. This mixture is to be subjected for 3 <em>Bhavanas</em> each with <em>Tulsipatra</em>, <em>Adraka</em>, <em>Dhaturapatra</em>, and then last with <em>Nirgundipatra</em> <em>Swarasa</em>.&nbsp; In the present study keeping the chief aim of elucidating pharmaceutical and physiochemical analysis of <em>Tribhuvanakirti Rasa </em>(TKR) are prepared adopting methods advocated in <em>Rasamrutam</em>/AFI<em>.</em>&nbsp; The study was carried out in 2 stages - purification of Raw materials (<em>Ashodhita </em>- <em>Hingula</em>, <em>Tankana</em>, <em>Vatsanabha</em>), and preparation of <em>Tribhuvanakirti</em> <em>Rasa. </em>Physiochemical parameters such as LOD (12%), Total ash (16%), acid-insoluble ash (1.6%), Alcohol-soluble extractive (10.4%), water- soluble extractive (37.6%), pH (8.20) and TLC revealed maximum 6 spot in short wave. TKR requires continuous Trituration, until it dry<strong>, </strong>60 hour’s duration of repeated levigation was required <em>Bhavana</em> by 4 <em>Swarasa</em> (each 3 times). Total weight gain after preparation of TKR was 12%. The inference from this study may be used as reference standard in the further quality control and clinical researches.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Dr. Aishwarya Pandey Chandrakant Upadhyay Thakur Rakesh Singh Saroj Parhate Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Aishwarya Pandey, Chandrakant Upadhyay, Thakur Rakesh Singh, Saroj Parhate 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 27 34 Pharmacognostical, phytochemical and High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography evaluation of Bala Taila <p><strong>Introduction: </strong><em>Bala Taila</em> is one of the most popular oil preparations of Ayurveda which not only serves the purpose as curative but also plays role in preventive and promotive aspects. <strong>Materials And</strong> <strong>Method:</strong> <em>Bala Taila</em> was evaluated for pharmacognostic and pharmaceutical analysis. <strong>Results and Discussion: </strong>Pharmacognostic study showed the presence of contents such as simple trichome, pollen grain, rhomboidal crystals, annular and pitted vessels. Physico-chemical analysis showed that the loss on drying 0.735% w/w, Specific gravity 0.916g, Acid value 2.186, Saponification value 156.89, Iodine value 87.6 and Refractive index 1.4840. <strong>Conclusion: </strong>From the study, data developed can be espoused for laying down the standards of <em>Bala Taila.</em></p> Dr. Swathi N. Anup B. Thakar Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Swathi N., Anup B. Thakar 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 35 39 A conceptual study on Kshudra Roga with special reference to Shalyaja Vyadhis <p>In <em>Ayurvedic</em> <em>Samhitas</em> various diseases are described, <em>Kshudra</em> <em>Roga</em> is one among those conditions. <em>Acharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em> has explained 44 <em>Kshudra</em> <em>Rogas</em> in <em>Nidanasthana</em> and <em>Chikitsa</em> <em>Sthana</em>. In <em>Charaka</em> <em>Samhita</em> also we get scattered references of <em>Kshudra</em> <em>Roga</em> in different chapters. <sup>&nbsp;</sup>In this article <em>Susruthoktha</em> <em>Kshudrarogas</em> were more focused with respect to <em>Shalyaja</em> <em>Vyadhis</em>. <em>Shalyaja</em> <em>Vyadhi</em> includes <em>Shastra</em> or <em>Anushastra</em> or both in the management of <em>Kshudraroga</em>. While explaining the treatment it is observed that there are different interventions have been propagated based on the <em>Avasthas</em> like <em>Amavastha</em> and <em>Pakwavastha</em> of each and every conditions. Out of these indications here <em>Shalyaja</em> <em>Vyadhis</em> are enlisted and correlated with conditions as in contemporary science. This condition such as <em>Chippa, Kadara, Sannirudhaguda, Nirrudhapraksha, Gudabrahmsa, Jatumani, Mashaka, Tilakalaka, Avapatika,</em> etc., along with their contemporary correlations is enumerated in this article. Apart from this, it is also observed that <em>Rakthamokshana</em> is choice of treatment in much variety of <em>Kshudrarogas</em>. Also explained that wherever conservative management fails in that condition to adopt surgical interventions.</p> Dr. Nisha Sharma Dr. Sheshashaye B Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Nisha Sharma, Dr. Sheshashaye B 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 40 45 A Review of Vrushya Dravyas of Guduchyadi Varga of Bhavaprakasha Nighantu <p><em>Bhavaprakasha Nighantu</em>, an important lexicon of <em>Ayurveda</em> consists of 23 <em>Vargas</em> where <em>Guduchyadi Varga</em> is one among them which consists of 190 drugs. Among them 28 drugs are attributed to <em>Vrushya</em> property. As Infertility has emerged as one of the most common health issues that many young couples are facing, there is a great demand for the treatment of infertility. While, the herbal therapies are better positioned to offer more holistic approaches to improve reproductive health. So here an attempt is made to screen the <em>Vrushya Dravyas</em> mentioned in <em>Guduchyadi Varga</em> of&nbsp; <em>Bhavaprakasha Nighantu</em> with their <em>Rasa, Guna, Veerya, Vipaka</em>.</p> Dr. Dhanush SS Lakshmi SP Prakash L. Hegde Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Dhanush SS, Lakshmi SP, Prakash L. Hegde 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 46 49 Studies on Vishada Guna of Vata Dosha and validation of its assessment criteria <p><em>Vata</em> possesses the <em>Vishada</em> property which is assessed through its action of <em>Kleda Achusan</em> and <em>Ropan.</em> Action of <em>Vishada Guna</em> of <em>Vata Dosha</em> is <em>Kshalana Karma. </em>The causative factor for<em> Medavaha Srota Dushti </em>is<em> Avyam, Diva Swapno, Meda Bhakshan </em>and<em> Varuni Ati Seban.</em> Objectives of the study was to evaluate the etymological and syntactical derivation of the Guna of <em>Vata Dosha, to </em>evaluate the biophysical and molecular basis of the <em>Vishada Guna.</em> The study was conducted over 25 healthy volunteers (16 -70 years) who had the<em> Dhatu Samya Lakshanas </em>and 25 patients having the <em>Meda</em> <em>Kshaya Lakshans.</em> The healthy volunteers (Group-A) were taken under the control group for the assessment and standardization of the normal value of IL-1, IL-8 and TNF-α in the blood. Group-A with normal level of IL-1, IL-2 and TNF-α signify a specific range of objective parameters i.e. the activity of RE system with <em>Dhatu Samya Lakshanas</em> in healthy volunteers. <strong>&nbsp;</strong>Group-B the same objective parameters were recorded of the patients presenting with the <em>Sandhi Sphutan</em>, as a characteristic of <em>Meda Kshaya</em> <em>Lakshana.</em> Significant increase in the blood level of IL-1, IL-8 and TNF-α in comparison to healthy personality reveals that aggravation of <em>Vishada Guna</em> causes <em>Kshalana Karma</em> reflecting <em>Sandhi Sphutan.</em> Hence, those three parameters may be significant criteria for the assessment of <em>Sandhi Sphutan.</em></p> Dr. Debayan Bandyapadhyay Dr. Abichal Chattopadhyay Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Debayan Bandyapadhyay , Dr. Abichal Chattopadhyay 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 50 56 Development and contributions of AYUSH sector - A Review <p>AYUSH sector is the collective name given to the compendium of seven sectors Ayurveda<em>, </em>Yoga<em>, </em>Naturopathy<em>,</em> <em>Unani</em>, <em>Siddha</em>, Homeopathy and <em>Sowa</em>-<em>Rigpa</em>. The sector is designed for propagation of research and development in the concerned field. These traditional systems play pivotal role in the public health sector of Indian subcontinent. Most of these systems would have developed from the herbal resources from the vicinity. Cultural, geographical, meteorological factors might have helped them in early developmental phase. This article is an attempt to portray the development and contributions of AYUSH sector in post independent phase of India.</p> Dr. Ramakant Yadava Dr. Arshathjyothi PS Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Ramakant Yadava, Dr. Arshathjyothi PS 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 57 61 Role of Satvavajaya Chikitsa in Grahani Roga with special reference to Irritable Bowel Syndrome <p>According to <em>Charaka Samhita</em>, the <em>Chikitsa</em> is divided into three. <em>Daivavyapashraya</em>, <em>Yuktivyapashraya</em> and <em>Satvavajaya</em>. Here <em>Satvavajaya</em> represents uplifting the <em>Satva</em> <em>Guna</em> of <em>Manas</em>, which helps to overcome the psychological illness a person is going through. Even though <em>Grahani</em> <em>Roga</em> is not a <em>Manasika Vyadhi</em> the results are proving that <em>Satvavajaya Chikitsa</em> is needed in <em>Sharirika Vyadis</em> too. <em>Grahani Roga</em> can be correlated to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) where the psychological state of an individual plays a major role in prognosis of treatment. By approaching pharmacological treatment alone the individual may not recover fully and chances of reoccurrence is very high. Since Ayurveda treats the <em>Rogi</em> as a whole entity the mental state of a person is taken into consider before treatment. Population based studies estimate the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome is 10-20% per year. Considering the increasing rate gastrointestinal disease across the world treatment approach through Ayurveda is need of the time.</p> Dr. Jeena George Dr. Nagalakshmi Dr. CV Rajashekhar Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Jeena George, Dr. Nagalakshmi, Dr. CV Rajashekhar 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 62 65 Classical Review of Gandhaka as per Rasendra Sara Sangraha <p><em>Gandhaka</em> is an easily available and extensively used drug in <em>Rasashastra</em>. <em>Gandhaka</em> is extensively used as a therapeutic drug in various disorders. Explanation of its varieties, purification methods, therapeutic uses, and dose is explained in <em>Rasashastra</em>. Purification of <em>Gandhaka</em> mentioned in the classics making it therapeutically more potential. <em>Rasendra Sara Sangraha</em> is widely accepted as a comprehensive treatise of <em>Rasashastra</em>. <em>Rasendra Sara Sangraha</em> explains <em>Gandhaka</em> in detail under <em>Uparasa</em> along with its two methods of <em>Gandhaka Shodhana</em> which is the initial step in the preparation of any <em>Rasaoushadhis</em>. Reviewing the literary aspect of <em>Gandhaka </em>along with its <em>Shodhana</em> as described in the <em>Rasendra Sara Sangraha</em> is enumerated here.</p> Dr. R. Magesh Dr. R. Jayalekshmi Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. R. Magesh, Dr. R. Jayalekshmi. 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 66 68 Exquisite Herbal Bullets in Dentifrices - A Scientific Review <p>Ayurveda, known to be the science of life focuses on prevention of diseases rather than treatment. One's daily health and hygiene regimen referred to as <em>Dinacharya</em> in Ayurveda is essential to keep our mind and body in optimum health. Oral hygiene is vital to an individual’s overall health and well being. Natural phytochemicals isolated from plants used in traditional medicine are considered to be good alternatives to synthetic chemicals. Herbs with medicinal properties are useful and effective source for treatment of oral diseases and can be used for cleansing and maintaining oral hygiene. They have been proven to be safe, effective, easily adjustable and acceptable with body physiology. The present review focuses on herbs incorporated in dentifrices and their effects in oral cavity.</p> Dr. Noora Beegum Dr. Nandan N Dr. Sunil Raj N Dr. Soundarya Vishwanathan Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Noora Beegum, Dr. Nandan N, Dr. Sunil Raj N, Dr. Soundarya Vishwanathan 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 69 78 Occupational health in information technology professionals - An Ayurvedic Purview <p>Occupational Health mainly aims at promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental, social wellbeing of workers in all occupations. Working environment is also important for a person, as he spends nearly 6-8 hours/day and about a minimum of 3 decades of his life span in his respective occupations. Now, around the world the occupational health personnel are witnessing the emergence of health-related problems in computer users. In the present era, younger generation is behind the technology and attractive job opportunities as it affects the total economy of the country. Some of the commonly seen health problems among them are Repetitive Stress Injury (RSI), Ocular disorders and Stress. The principles of Ayurveda are focusing on promoting health and preventing the diseases. In regards to this, following <em>Dinacharya</em>, <em>Ritucharya, Sadvritta, Achara Rasayana </em>have a major role to play in it. Thus, by adopting the regimes told by our <em>Acharyas</em> will contribute effectively in improving the quality of health and standards of living in Informational Technology Professionals.</p> Dr. Poojarao G Dr. Rudresh S Dr. Sajitha K Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Poojarao G , Dr. Rudresh S, Dr. Sajitha K 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 79 83 Concept of Santarpana: A Scientific Analysis <p>Human beings are the supreme creature in the universe they have the power to solve all problems including diseases. Acharya <em>Charaka</em> has explained in <em>Charaka Samhita</em> about the treatment protocol of the different type of life styles disorders considering to their pathogenesis. <em>Santarpana</em> is the one type of treatment procedures among all. If one does not maintain the proper protocol of <em>Santarpana Ahara</em> (dietetics) and <em>Vihara </em>(daily routine) then it vitiates <em>Kapha, Mamsa</em> and <em>Meda,</em> which cause various over nutritive disorders, which are popularly known as life style disorders. So, <em>Santarpana</em> acts as a<em> Hetu</em> (causative factors) and type of<em> Chikitsa</em> (treatment) depending upon the improper and proper use <em>Santarpana</em> is also responsible for maintaining the normal physiology of homeostatic process through energy balance by the intake of <em>Santarpana Ahara </em>and<em> Vihara</em>. Body weight is regulated through the energy balance, the amount of energy (ingested fuels as food) intake and the amount of energy expenditure (muscle action) over an extended period of time. In homeostatic conditions all ingested energies are normally metabolized to maintain basal metabolic rate, thermogenesis, and muscle action. Excess ingested energies are stored as fat in adipocyte for using later as per body need. To maintain basal metabolic rate (BMR) <em>Agni </em>(power of digestion and metabolism) plays an important role. Basically, <em>Santarpanaja Vyadhi </em>in terms of obesity is characterized by a dysregulation of the neuro-physical signals that controls the food intake, inducing an imbalance between energy expenditure and energy intake. A complex network of peripheral and hypothalamic signals helps to balance between food intake, nutritional partitioning or body weight, energy homeostasis and body’s homeostasis. Leptin and ghrelin are two hormones that have a major influence on energy balance. Therefore, this review attempt to shed light on the role of <em>Santarpana</em> in terms of ghrelin and leptin to maintain the <em>Dhatusamya </em>(body’s homeostasis) through regulation of the energy intake and expenditure along with BMR of human body and which will be helpful for scholars in treatment of diseases and advising precautions.</p> Dr. Afroja Yeasmin Akhtar Roji Murlidhar Paliwal Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Afroja Yeasmin Akhtar Roji, Murlidhar Paliwal 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 84 93 A scientific review on Sadaphuli in Ayurveda <p><em>Sadaphuli</em> is a small shrub found everywhere in Indian gardens. It has flowers throughout the year and so it is called as Sadabahar. <em>Catharanthus roseus</em> natively called as “Periwinkle” in English is a common ornamental plant grown in the gardens of residential and official compounds. The (Periwinkle) Sadabahar is believed to be native of the West Indies but was originally described from Madagascar. It is cultivated as an ornamental plant almost throughout the tropical and subtropical area. It has been used internally for hypertension, loss of memory, Cystitis and gastritis, raised blood sugar levels, and diarrhoea. Traditionally this drug is used for Diabetes, Hypertension, Cardiac disease, Dysmenorrhoea etc. In India and other countries, it is commonly available varieties of Catharanthus (Sadabahar) are with red and white flowers. Catharanthus is a rich source of alkaloids, which gives the scientific platform to this drug as it contains Vincristine, Vinblastine etc.</p> Dr. Anita Kale Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Anita Kale 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 94 99 A critical review on poisoning of Dhatura in Agada Tantra <p><em>Agada Tantra</em> or toxicology is a branch of Ashtanga Ayurveda which includes the science of poisons.<strong><sup>[1]</sup></strong> It is originated from the school of toxicology, which was founded and run by <em>Acharya</em> <em>Kashayapa</em>. It deals with various natural and artificial toxic substances and poisons in detail along with their antidotes, the signs and symptoms and also the management of poisoning resulting from the bites of snakes, insects, spiders, rodents etc as well as from the combinations of various other poisons &amp; fatal doses of various poisons.<strong><sup>[2]</sup></strong> It also deals with medicine in relation to the law, legal aspects of medical ethics and standards. <em>Damshtra</em> or <em>Visha</em> <em>Chikitsa</em>, as the <em>Agada Tantra</em> is popularly known, deals with various methods of cleaning the poisons out of the body as well as recommends antidotes for particular poisons. It deals with a wide range of natural toxins originating from wild lives like animals, birds, insects etc., plants including herbs (belladonna, aconite etc.), vegetables, minerals (leads, mercury, arsenal etc.) and artificial poisons prepared from poisonous drugs. <em>Dhatura</em> is one of the poisonous drug described in Ayurveda.<strong><sup>[3]</sup></strong> Which is an one of the Deliriant poison.</p> Dr. Vaishali Suryawanshi Dr. Sushil Patil Dr. Sangita Shende Dr. Madhavi Rehpade Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Vaishali Suryawanshi, Dr. Sushil Patil, Dr. Sangita Shende, Dr. Madhavi Rehpade 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 100 103 Clinical significance of Meda and Medovaha Srotas in present scenario - A Comprehensive Study <p>The explanation of <em>Sharir</em> in Ayurvedic texts states that the existence of <em>Dosha, Dhatu</em> and <em>Mala</em> together is <em>Sharir</em>. Basically, there are <em>Tridosha, Saptdhatu</em> and <em>Trimala</em>. <em>Meda</em> is one among the <em>Saptdhatu.</em> The internal transport system which is used to carry these <em>Dhatus </em>(Parinampradh) is <em>Srotas.</em> Vitiation and depletion of <em>Srotas</em> can lead to many pathological conditions in body. If <em>Medovaha Srotas</em> is vitiated it will cause <em>Medo Dushti</em> which may be expressed as either <em>Prameha Poorvaroopa</em> or the <em>Sthoulya Vyadhi</em>. And in present era they are compared with diabetes and obesity respectively. The epidemiology of obesity and diabetes is increasing day by day and having serious effect on our current as well as upcoming generations. Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence has been projected to grow by 40% in the next decade. This increasing prevalence has implications for the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and also for chronic kidney diseases (CKD) – CKJ OXFORD. In 2017, about 72 million people and 20% of the urban population were diabetic in India - international diabetes federation (IDF). Health service use and medical cost associated with obesity, diabetes and related diseases have risen dramatically and are expected to continue to grow. The above mention data necessitates throw knowledge of the basic concept of the <em>Meda Dhatu, Medovaha Srotas</em>. Thus the present study deals with the understanding of <em>Meda Dhatu</em>, <em>Medovaha Srotas</em> along with its <em>Moola Sthana</em> and the disease that may occur from its vitiation. Similar concept from the contemporary science have been analysed for a better understanding.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr. Uma Raikwar Dr. Pankaj Gupta Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Uma Raikwar, Dr. Pankaj Gupta 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 104 112 Fundamental study of Karnaroga Samanya Chikitsa w.s.r. to Karnasrava <p><em>Karnasrava </em>is a common disease in which discharge through ear is routinely reported. <em>Vata</em> vitiated by various <em>Hetus, </em>enters in <em>Karnasrotasas </em>through <em>Karnasiras </em>and induce <em>Karnarogas. Acharya Sushruta </em>have explained the general mode of treatment i.e., <em>Karnaroga Samanya Chikitsa </em>in case of <em>Karnasrava. </em>The importance of <em>Karnaroga Samanya Chikitsa </em>is its approach towards both preventive and curative aspects of disease. The common treatment principle for all <em>Karnaroga </em>is <em>Grutapana, </em>use of <em>Rasayana</em><em>,</em><em> Brahmacharya, Avyayama </em>(avoid exercise)<em>, Shirasnana </em>(head bath) and <em>Atibhashya </em>(execive speaking). <em>Rasayana </em>represents the basic approach of <em>Ayurveda </em>which comprises preventive, promotive and curative aspect of health. <em>Ghrita </em>is a <em>Yogawahi </em>and follow <em>Sanskara </em>in addition to these aquired properties and also capable of retaining its own properties. So <em>Ghritpana </em>is effective. <em>Brahmacharyapalan </em>is like <em>Sadvrittapalan </em>and is equals to <em>Rasayana </em>effect. <em>Vyayama </em>leads to vitiation of Vata as <em>Karna </em>is <em>Sthana </em>of <em>Vata </em>and exercise causes <em>Kshayaj Samprapti </em>hence it is important to avoid exercise in <em>Karnasrava .</em>In <em>Shirasnana</em>(head bath) water enters in EAC. It changes the PH of meatus skin from acid to alkali, which favours the growth of pathogens. <em>Atibashya </em>(execive speaking) causes <em>Vata Prakopa </em>and <em>Vataprakopa </em>is basic <em>Samprapti </em>for <em>Karnasrava </em>as the preventive aspect, avoidance of execive speaking is necessary.</p> Vd. Shradha Pandagale Nilakshi Pradhan Copyright (c) 2021 Vd. Shradha Pandagale, Nilakshi Pradhan 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 113 115 Critical analysis of Vidangakrishnadi Yoga w.s.r. to Krimihara action <p>The analysis of the formulation (<em>Yoga</em>) pertaining to its mode of action is an important area in assuring the therapeutic efficacy and safety. <em>Krimiroga</em> being a common presentation in pediatric age group, the probable action of the drug is more relevant considering the <em>Aparipakvaavastha</em> of the children. <em>Lakshanas </em>of <em>Pureeshaja Krimi </em>described in Ayurvedic classics are <em>Vivarnatha </em>(Discoloration of the face), <em>Shoola </em>(Pain in abdomen), <em>Bhaktadwesha </em>(Aversion to food), <em>Atisaara </em>(Loose stools), <em>Sadana </em>(Generalized Debility), <em>Jwara </em>(fever) and <em>Gudakandu </em>(Anal itching). According to Ayurveda, the principle of treatment for <em>Krimi</em> includes <em>Apakarshana, Prakruti Vighata </em>and <em>Nidana Parivarjana</em>. Among these <em>Samshamana </em>is easier to be administered in children, so such formulation is being adopted. <em>Vidangakrishnadiyoga</em> is a <em>Kashayayoga</em> explained in <em>Sahasrayoga</em> in <em>Kashayaprakarana</em>. The indications sole action of <em>Yoga</em> is indicated as <em>Krimihara</em>. There are 9 drugs in the <em>Yoga</em> which are collectively <em>Krimihara</em>, <em>Deepana</em> and <em>Pachana</em> in action. The drugs are<em> Vidanga, Pippali, Maricha, Nirgundi, Shigru, Bharangi, Musta and Aakhukarni. </em>This article is a review of the <em>Vidangakrishnadi</em> <em>Yoga</em> considering the <em>Rasadigunas</em> of the ingredients.</p> Dr. Rajasree TR Dr. Prathviraj Puranik Dr. Nagaratna S. Jartarghar Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Rajasree TR, Dr. Prathviraj Puranik, Dr. Nagaratna S. Jartarghar 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 116 120 Critical analysis of Anjana in Systemic Diseases <p>In the management of various ophthalmic disorders <em>Kriyakalpa</em> plays an important role. <em>Netrakriyakalpa</em> like <em>Tarpana, Putapaka, Ashchyotana, Seka, Anjana, Pindi, Bidalaka</em> all these procedures have very fast action on target tissues of eye. Among the <em>Netrakriyakalpa Anjana</em> is the one which had tremendous importance in both Healthy people (as a cosmetic preparation) as well as in ophthalmic patients. Moreover, to this, there are other few <em>Aushadakalpanas </em>which are even indicated in systemic diseases too i.e.,<em> Vishamajwara, Kaamala, Unmada, Apasmara. Moorcha, Grahabaada, </em>and even <em>Sthanika</em> <em>Visha</em> <em>Chikitsa</em> can be done through the usage of <em>Anjana</em>. <em>Anjana</em> is the only <em>Kriyakalpa</em> which is mentioned to treat ocular disease as well as Systemic diseases, but due to lack of critical analysis in treating systemic diseases, it is lagging behind in the usage of clinical practises and although it is only <em>Kriyakalpa</em> mentioned in <em>Dinacharya</em>. So here all efforts has been made to explain the probable mode of action of Anjana in systemic diseases though there are barriers to it, meanwhile how barrier will become boon for systemic circulation will be overviewed.</p> Dr. Prashant Kalyanshetty Dr. Vinod Jadhav Dr. Venkangouda Naganur Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Prashant Kalyanshetty, Dr. Vinod Jadhav, Dr. Venkangouda Nagnur 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 121 125 Prameha and role of Pathya : A Review <p><em>Ahara</em> is an inevitable part of life along with air and water. Food is anything that is consumed and nourishes body, including medicine. As mentioned by <em>Acharya Kashyapa</em> consuming food in appropriate quantity, following all the rules and regulation is considered to cure disease; further improper method of consumption of food is said manifest disease. It is also mentioned that the food is the life of the living beings and clear complexion, good voice, life, ability, happiness, nourishment, built, strength, intellect is all dependent on the food one consumes. Therefore, food is considered as one among <em>Trayopasthamba.</em> In <em>Yogaratnakara</em>, it is said that for the treatment of diseases etiology, drug treatment and <em>Pathya</em> (wholesome) are three important factors which should be studied thoroughly before starting the treatment. Judicious planning of treatment by proper understanding of these three factors always yields a successful eradication of disease. <em>Prameha</em> is considered as a type of <em>Santarpanajanya</em> <em>Vikara</em>. <em>Charaka</em> in <em>Nidanasthana</em> gives the detailed explanation of <em>Nidana</em> and other <em>Samprapti</em> <em>Ghataka</em> in detail. <em>Prameha</em> is frequently correlated with diabetes mellitus type 2 based on clinical manifestations. <em>Pathya – Apathya</em> plays supportive role in the management of <em>Yapya Vyadhi</em> especially like that of <em>Prameha</em>. Acharyas indicated the importance of <em>Pathya Ahara</em> by stating that if a patient take wholesome food then there is no need of medicine and if a patient continuously consumes unwholesome food then also there is no need of medicine.</p> Dr. Avinash Reddy Shivakumar Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Avinash Reddy, Shivakumar 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 126 131 Review on Rasa Samsarjana Krama and its application in disease <p><em>Panchakarma</em> procedures comprise of <em>Poorva</em> <em>Karma</em>, <em>Pradhana</em> <em>Karma</em> and <em>Paschat</em> <em>Karma</em>. In <em>Paschat</em> <em>Karma</em>, <em>Samsarjana</em> <em>Krama</em> is done in order maintain the <em>Dosha</em> <em>Avastha</em> that is <em>Shesha</em> <em>Dosha</em> <em>Pachana</em> and to restore the <em>Agni</em> <em>Bala</em>. The sequential order of administration of <em>Pathya</em> <em>Ahara</em> is followed in <em>Peyadi Samsarjana Krama, Tarpanadi Krama, Rasa Samsarjana&nbsp; Krama</em> as per classics. <em>Rasa</em> <em>Samsarjana</em> <em>Krama</em> can be practiced along with <em>Peyadi</em> <em>Samsarjana</em> <em>Krama</em> according to some authours. <em>Ahara</em> used in this context refers to <em>Pathya</em> <em>Ahara</em> which can be used according to <em>Matra, Kala, Kriya, Bhoomi, Deha</em> and <em>Dosha</em> <em>Guna</em>. This paper focuses on the practical utilization of different <em>Pathya Ahara Kalpva</em> and <em>Dhanyas</em> in <em>Rasa</em> <em>Samsarjana</em> <em>Krama</em> in specific disease condition.</p> Dr. Nivedita D. Mugli Dr. Vijayamahantesh Hugar Dr. Varsha Kulkarni Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Nivedita D. Mugli, Dr. Vijayamahantesh Hugar, Dr. Varsha Kulkarni 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 132 135 Role of Diet, Fasting and Drugs in Blood Purification and Prevention of Diseases based on Charak Samhita <p>Ayurveda is the science which deals with individual as a whole rather than mere focussing on sign and symptoms and hence is individual specific and all about the knowledge and existence of "<em>Ayu</em>" which is nothing but the conjunction and continuation of four components i.e., <em>Sharira</em>, <em>Indriya</em>, <em>Satwa</em> and <em>Atma</em>, where <em>Sharira</em> and <em>Indriya</em> are tangible while <em>Satwa</em> (<em>Manas</em>) and <em>Atma</em> are intangible. Individual is the epitome of the universe and hence affected and influenced at both gross and subtle level and three sub-pillars i.e., <em>Aahar</em>, <em>Nindra</em> and <em>Brahmacharya</em> have huge impact in all the dimensions of <em>Ayu</em> directly affecting the state of health and hence happiness when used wisely, again vitiation of <em>Doshas</em> and manifestation of diseases when used unwisely (<em>Pragyaphradha</em>).&nbsp;&nbsp; <em>Aacharya</em> <em>Sushruta</em> has considered <em>Rakta</em> as 4<sup>th</sup> <em>Doshas</em>, so the importance of proper formation and its role in formation and maintenance of other <em>Dhatus</em> and <em>Ojas</em> depends entirely on the diet and life style of each and every individual. The properties of pure blood and also of impure blood along with every factor either physical or emotional affecting the <em>Rakta</em> has been told with enumeration of various pathological conditions arising out of this.</p> Dr. Rashmi Varshney Dr. Sunil Kumar Pandey Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Rashmi Varshney, Dr. Sunil Kumar Pandey 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 136 140 Insight on Raksha Karma with Sterilization <p>Ayurveda the science of healthy living encompasses of various branches of therapeutic aspect. Shalyatantra is one of them which involves surgical and parasurgical interventions. For the success of surgical line of treatment Acharya Sushruta has advised <em>Raksha</em> <em>Karma</em> which is equivalent term for Sterilization. Acharyas mentioned various <em>Dhoopana</em> with <em>Rakshoghna</em> <em>Dravyas</em> for the sterilization of OT rooms, surgical ward, Neonatal ward and <em>Labour</em> ward to protect from <em>Atura</em> macro and microorganisms and for instruments sterilization by <em>Agni</em> (Heat), <em>Kahaya</em> (Decoction) and <em>Atapa</em> (Sunlight) etc. Nowadays Sterilization procedure is done with the same basic principles of Ayurveda i.e. Heat, Chemicals or Radiation.</p> Dr. Nisha Sharma Dr. Sheshashaye B Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Nisha Sharma, Dr. Sheshashaye B 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 141 143 Critical analysis of etiological factors of Thyroid Disorders in Ayurveda <p>Thyroid disease is a global health problem that can substantially impact well-being, particularly in pregnancy and childhood. WHO says that, diseases of the thyroid gland are among the most abundant endocrine disorders worldwide second only to diabetes mellitus. The prevalence in men is about one tenth of that in women. Indian statistics shows that 42 million people suffer from thyroid diseases per year. Hyper-and hypothyroidism may be due to diseases of thyroid gland, secondary to malfunction of the pituitary gland, or, tertiary to malfunction in the hypothalamus. Goitre or active thyroid nodules may occur endemic in some areas due to dietary iodine deficiency, with a prevalence of up to 15%. In Ayurveda thyroid disorders can be understand with the concept of <em>Agni Vaishamyata </em>and <em>Galaganda </em>/<em>Gandamala</em>. Various etiological factors highlighted in classical texts like <em>Ati Sevana </em>of <em>Madhura Rasa</em>, <em>Mithyahara Vihar</em>, <em>Vishamasana </em>&amp; pathogenesis like Kaphaja<em> Nanatmaja Vikara</em>, increased <em>Vata </em>and <em>Kapha </em>leads to <em>Medo Dhatu </em>accumulation in <em>Galapradesha</em> leading <em>Galaganda</em>. So, analysing different etiologies &amp; pathogenesis critically with the help of various ayurvedic classics to justify etiopathogenesis of Thyroid Disorders in Ayurveda.</p> Dr. Reetu Sharma Dr. Shivaganga Tamagond Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Reetu Sharma, Dr. Shivaganga Tamagond 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 144 148 Concept of environmental pollution and its management in Ayurveda <p>In current era environmental pollution is a major treat and is one of the greatest problems that the whole world is facing. The term pollution is presence of offensive matter in environment. This offensive matter is nothing but the presence of various pollutants in the surrounding environment. It involves five basic types of pollution air, water, soil, noise, light. Pollutants are components of pollution; they may be either foreign substances or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollutants are a waste matter that pollutes soil, water and air. The harmful chemicals became an integral part of our life. The harmful chemical causes damages to our body as well as our environment.&nbsp; As it has a negative effect on natural elements this Pollution must be taken seriously. Through maintenance of <em>Dincharaya</em>, <em>Rutucharya</em>, <em>Sadvritta</em>, person’s physical and mental health is secured.</p> Dr. Umesh Dattatraya Shirsath Dr. Vinod Kashiramji Badole Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Umesh Dattatraya Shirsath , Dr. Vinod Kashiramji Badole 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 149 153 A conceptual study on Rajonivritti with special reference to menopausal syndrome in Ayurveda <p>Menopausal syndrome refers to final cessation of menstruation with group of symptoms, at which the woman gradually changes from the reproductive life into one of senescence. This is due to changing dietary &amp; behavioural habits, physical as well as mental &amp; intellectual capacities of females. Such kinds of adversity may lead to drastic change in her lifestyle. Woman is the center point of the family, society, nation &amp; the world. So the health of nation depends upon the health of a woman. So to maintain her health, utmost care &amp; effective treatment should be needed. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) is one and only alternative for this health hazard by which one can get spectacular achievement in combating the disease, but it has a wider range of secondary health complications like vaginal bleeding, breast cancer, endometrical cancer, gallbladder diseases etc. So. to find out safe, potent, cost effective remedy from Ayurveda for the management of afore said lacuna is the need of the hour.</p> Dr. Rahul Barathe Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Rahul Barathe 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 154 159 A case study to evaluate Jalaukavacharana in the management of Siraja Granthi with special reference to Varicocele <p>Varicocele is state of varicosity of testicular veins. It is the more frequent and more discomforting condition seen in mostly in teens or in early adult life of males. Occurs in approximately 15-20% of all healthy fertile males and 40% of infertile males. Varicocele can have destructive effects on mobility, concentration and morphology of sperm and can reduce its DNA integrity and other functions. The treatment protocol in varicocele mainly includes laparoscopic ligation of the testicular veins and embolism of testicular vein under radiological control. The major drawback is surgical intervention. It is done only in advanced stage or when there is severe pain or remarkable oligospermia. There are chances of recurrence. There is no direct reference of varicocele as a separate disease in the classics. But <em>Siraja Garnthi </em>is quoted in all <em>Brihatrayees </em>which has similar etiopathogenesis and clinical presentations. The line of treatment mentioned is <em>Siravyadha.</em> Even <em>Purvarupa </em>of <em>Vruddi </em>mentioned by <em>Acharya Sushruta </em>in <em>Vruddinidhna </em>in <em>Nidanastana,</em> can be considered as varicocele. By considering the site and presentation, varicocele can be co-related with <em>Siraja Garnthi</em> of <em>Vrushana Kosha </em>and the treatment protocol to be followed is <em>Siravyadha.</em> Since the pampiniform plexus and testicular veins are of smaller diameter, <em>Jalakavacharana</em> can be considered. Hence, <em>Jalaukavacharana </em>is carried out to see the effectiveness in Varicocele.</p> Dr. Poornima MR Dr. Srinivas Masalekar Dr. Sridhar Rao Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Poornima MR, Dr. Srinivas Masalekar, Dr. Sridhar Rao 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 160 163 Maternal and reproductive health through Ayurveda for Putraghni: Case Study <p>Ayurveda has a long heritage of promoting and supporting pregnancy till term and aims in getting a successful progeny. The sequence of recurrent loss of pregnancies can be a distressing condition to motherhood. So, it is very important to overcome this devastating emotional fatigue. An Ayurvedic classic has given proper intervention of this condition where repeated abortion can be co-related to <em>Putraghni Yoni Vyapat</em>. In <em>Putraghni Yoni Vyapat</em>, foetus is aborted repeatedly due to <em>Vata-Pitta Dushti</em> and other causes could be due to <em>Dushta Rakta</em> as mentioned by <em>Acharya Charaka</em>. The present study was conducted and managed by <em>Ayurvedic</em> intervention such as <em>Shodhana</em> mainly <em>Virechana</em> and internal usage of <em>Phala Ghrita </em>along with other Ayurvedic formulations. Patient conceived and delivered a healthy child with a successful outcome.</p> Dr. Jyoti Sharma Dr. Papiya Jana Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Jyoti Sharma, Dr. Papiya Jana 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 164 169 Ayurvedic interventional management of Manyagatavata w.s.r. to Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy (CSM) - A Case Study <p>Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy (CSM) is a degenerative spinal disease which may lead to significant clinical morbidity. The onset of symptoms is usually insidious, with long periods of fixed disability and episodic worsening events. Regarding the pathophysiology of CSM, the repeated injuries to the spinal cord are caused by both static and dynamic mechanical factors. Only limited surgical procedures, neuroplasticity and other medical interventions are employed in modern medicine.&nbsp; The standard treatment for moderate to severe CSM is operative procedures which are least preferred by the elderly patients. Hence there is a need to search for effective treatment in alternative medicine. According to <em>Ayurveda,</em> cervical spondylosis can be co-related with <em>Manyagatavata</em>, a type of <em>Vataja Vyadhi.</em> A 48 years old male patient presented with Neck pain, neck stiffness, and back pain since 4 years. Here, we are presenting a case of Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy (CSM) which was treated with <em>Ayurvedic</em> <em>Panchakarma</em> procedures such as <em>Virechana</em> with <em>Mahatikta Ghruta</em>, <em>Tiktaksheera Basti</em>, <em>Greeva Basti</em>, <em>Nasya Karma</em> with <em>Vacha Taila</em> along with Ayurvedic oral drugs like Tab <em>Brihatvata Chintamani Rasa</em>, <em>Ashvagandha Churna</em> with <em>Kavacha Beeja Churna</em>, <em>Amruta Guggula</em>, <em>Ekangaveera Rasa</em> and <em>Chaturbhurja Rasa</em>. These entire drugs were prescribed for twice a day after meals. This case report revealed usefulness of <em>Panchakarma </em>procedures and Ayurveda oral medicines in the management of <em>Manyagatavata</em> w.s.r. to Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy (CSM).</p> Eknath G. Kulkarni Sunil H. Pal Sanjivani N. Rathod Copyright (c) 2021 Eknath G. Kulkarni, Sunil H. Pal, Sanjivani N. Rathod 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 170 179 Ayurvedic understanding and management of Trigeminal Neuralgia w.s.r. to Anantavaata - A Case Study <p>Trigeminal Neuralgia is one of the painful disorders involving fifth cranial nerve, causes severe unilateral pain over regions supplied by the branches of trigeminal nerve associated with tempero mandibular joint stiffness. Trigeminal neuralgia nearly can be correlated to <em>Anantavaata</em>, one of the 11 types of <em>Shirorogas</em> explained by <em>Acharya Sushruta</em> and is <em>Vaatapradhaana Tridoshaja Vyadhi</em>. Present study is conducted to know the efficacy of ayurvedic line of management in TN. A female patient of age 46 years, diagnosed with Trigeminal Neuralgia was treated with allopathy medications. But did not get satisfactory results. Hence patient approached our hospital and got <em>Vaatahara</em> and <em>Brihmana</em> line of management involving <em>Nasya</em> with <em>Karpasasthyaadi Taila</em> for 7 days, <em>Shiropichu</em> and <em>Karnapoorana</em> with <em>Ksheerabala Taila,</em> <em>Gandoosha </em>with <em>Murchita Tila Taila</em> and oral medications. Patient’s complaints were assessed before and after treatment with VAS pain scale and verbal descriptor scale for TMJ stiffness After Follow up patient had got relieved with the complaints and got satisfactory results with ayurvedic line of management.</p> Dr. Sugnyani Mathapati Dr. SM Pasha Dr. Ahalya S Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Sugnyani Mathapati, Dr. SM Pasha, Dr. Ahalya S 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 180 183 Case study on Vrischika Damsha managed with Arkapatra Ghrita Dhara and Dasanga Agada <p>Many people die every year because of venomous animal bites and stings. Among venomous stings, scorpion stings are a major cause of global public health issues associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Worldwide, only about 30 of the estimated 1500 species of scorpions produce venom toxic enough to be fatal. Signs and symptoms at the site of a scorpion sting may include pain, which can be intense, numbness, tingling, slight swelling and warmth. The clinical manifestations seen&nbsp;in scorpions seem like <em>Vrischika Damsha</em> in <em>Agadatantra</em>. This is a case study of a scorpion sting with acute symptoms of pain, burning sensation and erythema. Based upon the result of the study <em>Arkapatra Ghrita Dhara</em> has shown assuring results in the management of acute scorpion envenomation.</p> Dr. Ambili TS Dr. Sharon Jose Dr. Hema AG Dr. Shidhin K. Krishnan Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Ambili TS, Dr. Sharon Jose, Dr. Hema AG, Dr. Shidhin K. Krishnan 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 184 187 A case study on Vatakaphaja Unmada : Autism Spectrum Disease <p><strong>Introducton:</strong> <em>Manasika</em> <em>Vikara</em> can be caused due to derangement in <em>Manasika</em> <em>Doshas</em> like <em>Kama, Krodha, Lobha, Moha</em>, <em>Irsha</em>, can be due to <em>Atyartha</em> <em>Prakupita</em> <em>Shareerika</em> <em>Doshas</em> which then vitiates the <em>Manovahasrotas</em> or can be due to <em>Agantuja Nidanas</em> lika <em>Graha Badha</em> or <em>Bhootabadha Janya</em>. <em>Unmada</em> is on such <em>Manasika Vikara</em> caused due to vitiation of <em>Shareerika Doshas</em> finally disturbing the <em>Manasika Bhavas</em> leading to the specific <em>Doshik</em> <em>Lakshanas.</em> It can be compared to Autism spectrum disease as the very definition of it incorporates the features like impairment in Social and communicative behavior, restrictive and repetitive behaviors. The present case has been diagnosed as <em>Vatakaphaja</em> <em>Unmada</em> having autistic features <strong>Materials and methods:</strong> The treatment protocol of <em>Unmada</em> like <em>Basti</em>, <em>Nasya</em>, are adopted with classical medicines according to the Dosha predominance. <strong>Result:</strong> There has been improvement in the clinical manifestations after two sittings of the treatment. <strong>Discussion:</strong> <em>Basti</em> by its <em>Veerya</em> moves throughout the body, does the <em>Dosha</em> <em>Vilodana</em> and eliminates it from the body. <em>Nasya</em> being the <em>Dwara</em> to Shiras opens up the <em>Manovaha</em> <em>Srotas</em>. These procedures along with the internal medications have brought the improvement in present case.&nbsp; Here is the paper describing about the very case, its treatments and the result obtained.</p> Dr. Padmanayna M. Dr. Prathviraj Puranik Dr. Sharashchandra R Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Padmanayna M., Dr. Prathviraj Puranik , Dr. Sharashchandra R 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 188 191 A Case Study on effect of Vamana Karma in Lupus Induced Hypothyroidism <p><strong>Introduction- </strong>Auto-immune thyroid disease is most common in lupus.&nbsp; Anti-Nuclear-Anti-body is related to both. Primary hypothyroidism occurs in about 15%-19% in patient of Lupus. Hypothyroid Signs and symptoms include low metabolic rate, tendency to weight gain, somnolence, lethargy, menstrual disturbance, aches, muscle stiffness, hair loss, infertility and sometimes myxedema. The above symptoms closely resemble the symptoms of <em>Vikruta Kapha Dosha </em>which are<em> Gaurava, Shaithya, Slatangatwa, Tamah, Klaibya</em>. The location of thyroid gland is In <em>Urdwajatrugata Pradesha</em> i.e., <em>Greeva</em>. Adoption of <em>Vamana karma</em> is best <em>shodhana</em> for <em>Kapha Dosha</em> and also for <em>Urdwa Shareerasthitha Rog</em>a making an ideal <em>Panchakarma</em> for hypothyroidism. <strong>Aim-</strong> To evaluate the efficacy of <em>Vamana Karma</em> in Lupus induced Hypothyroidism. <strong>Methodology-</strong> Single subject was treated with <em>Deepana-Pachana</em> followed by <em>Shodhananga Snehapana</em> and was subjected to <em>Vamana</em>. As per the <em>Shuddhi</em> the subject was advised <em>Samsarjana Krama</em>. Assessment was done with thyroid profile before and after treatment. <strong>Result-</strong> Significant changes were noted in thyroid profile.&nbsp; <strong>Discussion-</strong> <em>Vamana</em> <em>Karma</em> which is ideal for <em>Kapha Dosha</em> has a positive effect over the disease Hypothyroidism in managing and also maintaining health for longer duration.</p> Dr. Rakesh Kumar GR Dr. Varsha Kulkarni Dr. Shilpa MS Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Rakesh Kumar GR, Dr. Varsha Kulkarni, Dr. Shilpa MS 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 192 195 A case study on Dusta Vrana (Non Healing Varicose Ulcer) <p>Any kind of destruction / break / rupture / discontinuity of body tissue/part of the body is called <em>Vrana</em>. <em>Vrana</em> which doesn’t heal in its natural course of healing time is said to be <em>Dusta</em> <em>Vrana</em> along with other pathological manifestations further. <em>Acharya</em> <em>Susruta</em> explains, when a person&nbsp; does not have control over his indriya’s and&nbsp; follows <em>Apathyaja</em> <em>ahaar</em> ,vihar with untimely treated wound&nbsp; leads to severe vitiation of <em>Doshas</em> forming <em>Dushta</em> <em>Vrana</em>. In classics it’s been widely explained about the <em>chikitsa</em> of&nbsp;&nbsp; <em>Vrana</em>. Considering clinical features of dusta vrana and cause here the correlated with Non healing varicose ulcer. The Chronic non healing ulcer are the ulcers that have failed to progress through a time. Sequence of repair, or one that proceeds through the wound healing process without restoring anatomic and functional results.</p> Dr. Smitha C. Kanavi Dr. Padmavati Venkatesh Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Smitha C. Kanavi, Dr. Padmavati Venkatesh 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 196 200 Management of Hidradenitis Suppurativa by Guggulu based Apamarga Ksharasutra - A Case Study <p>Hydradenitis Suppurativa (HS) is a chronic infective and fibrous disease of the skin bearing apocrine sweat glands characterised by recurrent painful deep seated rounded nodules and abscesses. Axilla, groin, perianal and perineal regions are the common sites. Onset is usually after puberty between 20 and 40 years of age. This recurrent inflammatory skin condition with an estimated prevalence of 1-4 % is more frequent in women. The disease tend to become chronic with subcutaneous extension leading to indurations, sinus and fistula having a profound impact on the quality of life. The clinical features of HS can be compared with <em>Naadivrana</em> mentioned in classics. The treatment modalities of <em>Naadivrana </em><strong><sup>[4,5]</sup></strong> includes mainly <em>Shodhana </em>and <em>Ksara Sutra</em> application are adopted in the present case. In modern system of medicine there are no curative (medical) therapies for HS, only symptomatic treatment can be done. This includes adjuvant therapy (e.g., pain management, smoking cessation, weight loss, treatment of super infections, hygiene practises, topical wound dressings) to topical and systemic agents (e.g., antibiotics, anti-inflammatory agents, anti-androgen drugs) and surgical interventions such as excisional surgery and laser surgery. <em>Shodhana</em> <em>Chikitsa</em> is not only effective in eliminating toxins. It has a wide range of therapeutic uses such as improving circulation immunity and eradicating diseases etc, <em>Guggulu</em> based <em>Apamarga</em> <em>Kshara</em> <em>Sutra</em> has the combined effect of <em>Apamarga</em> <em>Kshara</em>, <em>Guggulu</em> and Turmeric and said to be unique drug formulation for cutting and healing of sinus tract.</p> Dr. Sarika AK Dr. M. R. Poornima Dr. Srinivasa Masalekar Copyright (c) 2021 Dr. Sarika AK, Dr. M. R. Poornima, Dr. Srinivasa Masalekar 2021-07-07 2021-07-07 6 3 201 204 A single case study to evaluate the applicability of Ayurveda treatment protocol in Otalgia w.s.r. to Kaphaja Karnashoola <p><strong>Background:</strong> Otalgia or ear ache is a symptom which will hamper the daily activities of individual, and a cause of unease or discomfort. Even today there is no specific permanent remedy to this condition in advance modern medical system despite of some Otogesics which will only mask the pain. The common over the Counter medicines available on medical stores are having side effects on continuous usage. So there is a need for safe Ayurvedic medicine which can act better like modern analgesics but fewer side effects. <strong>Methodology: </strong>In this Case study, <em>Agastya Haritaki Avaleha</em>, <em>Dashamoola Katutraya Kashaya</em> and Capsule Grab, internally and <em>Haridradi Karnadhoopana</em> and <em>Anu Taila Nasya</em> as <em>Sthanika Chikitsa</em> were tried on patient of otalgia with ASOM (<em>Kaphaja Karnashoola</em>) Patient was treated in 2 stages. <strong>Observations: </strong>It was observed in the present study that in stage 1 there was 50% improvement as compared to stage 2 which showed better results in reducing the symptoms of Otalgia with ASOM. Re-occurrence of symptoms were merely less in stage 2 as compared to stage 1 <strong>Conclusion: </strong>There is a false assumption that Ayurvedic medicines are slow acting and allopathic medicines are desperately used for pain management and acute conditions. But this study throwing a light to substantiate that, Ayurvedic medicines are potent enough to manage acute otalgia also, just like Otogesics in Modern Medical Science. The study revealed that the re-occurrence rate of symptoms was very less in patients who used <em>Agastya Haritaki Avaleha, Dashamoola Katutraya Kashaya</em> and grab along with <em>Haridradi Karnadhoopana</em> and <em>Anu Taila</em>.</p> Swarna Ranjita SM Pasha Ahalya S. Copyright (c) 2021 Swarna Ranjita, SM Pasha, Ahalya S. 2021-07-10 2021-07-10 6 3 205 209